Miscellaneous: Extracts from Police Reports 1845-1846 Ireland Genealogy Projects Archives Tipperary Index Copyright Contributed by Mary Heaphy _______________________________________________ FROM THE ACCOUNTS AND PAPERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, VOLUME 35 EXTRACTS FROM POLICE REPORTS 1845-1846 EXTRACTS made by Colonel M'Gregor from the Police Reports, stating the Particulars of the Principal Homicides in Ireland in the Years 1845 and 1846, and forwarded to the Home Office by him. Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed, 2 April 1846. 27 January.- RYAN, JOHN (County Tipperary). A FARMER; was about to propose for land, the property of Mr. PHILIPS, of Mount Rivers. There had in this case been no compulsory ejectment or rigorous exaction of rights. The occupier, it is said, voluntarily resigned one-half of the farm, alleging his inability to hold the entire, and continued to retain the other half. The deceased, represented to be of respectable character, of some substance, and a native of the place, made no secret of his intention to propose for the unoccupied land, and had no apprehension of consequences. On his way, however, to the proprietor, he was assailed by two men (strangers to himself), one of whom pulled him from his horse, and fractured his head with a stone. He survived only a few days. Two persons were taken in custody on strong suspicion; but the injured man, evidently fearing the consequences to his family, would make no disclosures tending to their identification. 18 January.- SMITH, SAMUEL, Esq. (County Tipperary). The attention of a resident of Borrisofarney having been attracted by a horse passing his door without a rider, he discovered at about 80 yards distant, on the road, the body of Mr. SMITH, the scull broken in two places, and the brain protruding. At the inquest held the medical examiners were of opinion that the injuries could not have been received by falling from the horse, nor did the dress of the deceased exhibit any appearance of his having been dragged along the road. Hopes were entertained of the discovery of the assassins, as a soldier of the 69th regiment swore that he witnessed the perpetration of the murder by four persons, whom he pretended to identify, but he afterwards deserted, and there is no doubt of his perjury. The deceased, who was a resident of Dublin, had been visiting some of his tenants, and was returning to Busherstowne, whence he had come that morning. It is understood that he was about dispossessing two persons of a farm, which was to be given to another. 12 March.--DWYER, DENIS (County Tipperary, South). The brother of this man, JOHN DWYER, of Listowran, had taken a farm at Glenbairn, from which the former tenant had been ejected. The Dwyers, with about 15 men, had been ploughing on this land, and were returning home about 7 P.M., when they were attacked by 30, or 40 persons with stones. Several were more or less injured, but Denis received a fracture of the scull, of which, after a few days, he died. The assailants also broke and injured some of the farming implements; one individual only was identified, and he alleged that the Dwyers were the aggressors; but it clearly appeared at the inquest that such was not the case. 2 April.- RYAN, JAMES (South Tipperary). Was shot dead by his brother JOHN. On the death of their father JOHN had received a sum of money in lieu of his share of the land. Having proceeded to America and spent his money, he returned, claiming his portion of land; of course it was refused, and the ill-feeling arising in consequence induced the commission of this murder. The perpetrator has absconded. 4 May.- WATERS, JOHN (County Tipperary). Had been in the employment of HENRY GOING, Esq. of Riverlawn, and was a stranger at the place. As he was returning to his master's residence with a man named CORRIGAN (whose services as ploughman were likely to be superseded by those of Waters), several men armed with bludgeons, according to the statement of Corrigan, leaped off the road into the grove. Corrigan says he ran away, and looking back, saw the party strike Waters to the ground, and that on returning shortly after, he found WATERS speechless. He did not report the circumstance immediately on his arrival at the house, and his conduct being suspicious, he was taken into custody, and committed for examination. 24 May–KENNELLY, JOHN (County Tipperary). A certain man had received a portion of land with his wife, as her fortune, on condition of his paying a sum of money to her relatives. The wife died soon after, and the man married again; the friends of the deceased wife then wanted to recover possession of the land, which was refused; but the man was several times assaulted and ultimately compelled to quit the land and the neighbourhood. A feud was thus created between the friends of the first and second wife. As a party of the former were returning from the market of Roscrea to Moneygall, they were waylaid and assaulted with stones by some of the latter, and several serious injuries were inflicted. JOHN KENNELLY, belonging to neither party, who happened also to be returning from the market, endeavoured to interpose as a peace-maker, when he was knocked down, and the back of his scull fractured by a blow of a stone on the side of the head. On the matter being made known to the police, the injured persons were visited, but no information could be obtained from them; some of the persons implicated were, however, arrested. KENNELLY died in about a week. 26 June.- LANDRIGAN, JOHN. Twelve months ago a man was murdered on the mountains off Nine-mile House, near Carrick-on-Suir, and the friends of the murdered man prosecuted. A woman related to the prosecutors was married to a publican named EGAN, who owned a tent, erected on the racecourse of Ballina. On the evening of the day stated above, a party of 12 or 15 men entered the tent, and grievously assaulted Egan and his servant Landrigan with stones. On the following day the matter came to the knowledge of the police, who proceeded to the tent, and found EGAN pursuing his usual avocations, complaining but little of his injuries, unwilling to afford any information on the subject, and totally denying any knowledge of the assailants, At that time, and for a day or two after, EGAN suppressed all reference to the case of Landrigan, and it was not until the latter was speechless and past recovery that EGAN apprised the police of his condition. Landrigan died that day, and Egan became so ill that his recovery for a while was doubtful. Although several persons confidently believed to have been concerned in this outrage were arrested, the witnesses examined at the inquest were evidently determined on screening the perpetrators, and the prisoners were necessarily dis charged for want of evidence. CLARKE, PATRICK, Esq., of South Hill, near Nenagh, (County Tipperary). This gentleman was shot dead by two men while riding round his own demesne, superintending his workmen. It appears that Mr. C. several years ago had purchased the estate in question, but had never, until recently, resided there. Having been induced to visit the place and prolong his stay, he had discovered that, in his absence, he had been subject to a system of fraud on the part of his tenantry, which he had determined to check and put down. No sooner was this intention discovered, than attempts were made, by threatening letters (the receipt of which he kept a profound secret), to get him to remove from the place, to which intimidation he did not yield, persevering in his system of enforcing the payment of old arrears by his tenantry. If these circumstances were not the sole cause of the murder, they, at all events, rendered the perpetration of it safer and easier. It is by some thought that the immediate cause arose out of a dispute between two of the steward's sons, to whom the father had given up his land, and one of whom, on getting married, Mr. CLARKE insisted should quit, with a sum of money (not willing that both should remain). Suspicion fell on this man and another malcontent, who had been compelled to pay arrears, as the immediate conspirators of the murder. In connexion with the cause of the murder endeavours are made, in some quarters, to represent the deceased as a rigorous landlord, of hasty and tyrannical disposition; but these statements are not borne out. Of the two men believed to be the actual assassins, one is in custody, and information has been received strongly implicating others as co- conspirators. MOLONY, PATRICK (County Tipperary). The brother of the deceased had taken a few acres of land some years ago, from which the former tenant had been ejected; he had been (previously to this murder) served with a threatening notice to quit. As deceased sat with his brother, in the evening, four men entered the house; two of them, presenting a pistol each at the brothers, demanded why they did not obey the notice: one of them struck the deceased on the head, breaking his scull, which he did not long survive. The former tenant, above referred to (who is a relative), is suspected, but sufficient evidence has not yet been obtained to warrant his detention. HOGAN, JOHN (County Tipperary). This man was probably murdered instead of his brother (DARBY), who had been for some time obnoxious. The deceased had taken land. His assassins are unknown. He received three shots in the body, and other injuries, which caused immediate death. 17 January.- PATRICK MURPHY (County Tipperary). Was fired at as he entered his own residence, by one of three men. He had been employed as keeper on a property seized for rent. The supposed offenders are in custody. COUNTY TIPPERARY. Shinrone, King's County, 4 November 1845. I beg to state, that on the night of the 1st instant, in the barony of Lower Ormond, county Tipperary, as J HOGAN, of Killeen, was returning to his house, he was fired at from behind a hedge, where three men were concealed until HOGAN came close to them; the shot took no effect, and the party fled. This MICHAEL HOGAN'S brother had given evidence in the case of Dr. and Mrs. HOBBS, which is deemed the cause of this attack on the brother. (signed) JOHN KELLY, R. M. RICHARD PENNEFATHER, Esq. 179. A 3 Nenagh, 2 December 1845. I have to report, that at half-past 7 o'clock, P.M., on 1st instant, as JAMES HENZY, steward to Mrs. BENNETT, of Moneaguil, was sitting at dinner in the kitchen in Mrs. BENNETT'S house, he was fired at through a small opening in the shutter of a front window, while in the act of putting his hand to his mouth, and wounded in the hand; the ball having entered near the thumb and passing out at the wrist. The ball was found on the kitchen- floor. There are two sub constables for the protection of this man stationed in Mrs. BENNETT'S yard, and who, on hearing the report of a shot, at once endeavoured to get out, but had some delay in consequence of the doors and gates being secured for the night. The police got out as soon as they possibly could, but could find no trace of the person who fired the shot, it being very dark at the time. The Amaghanedy party being on patrol, heard the shot, and came up immediately, and on being informed of the occurrence, searched several suspected houses without finding any stranger in the neighbourhood. I brought HENZY this day before Captain POLLOCK for examination: he was attacked on the 18th September 1844, and again on the 3d of May last; on both occasions his assailants were arrested and identified; he, however, pretended not to know the parties when on trial, though having previously sworn positively as to their identity. The consequence was that the Crown had to turn the men out of the dock. It appears that a young lady, who is on a visit with Mrs. BENNETT, observed on Friday night last a man lying on the grass- plot opposite the hall-door, and saw him go to look through the kitchen window, which having told to Mrs. BENNETT and HENZY, it is strange that fact was not mentioned to the police. Captain POLLOCK approves of the reward suggested. Newport, 8 December 1845. I have to report that constable PATRICK O'HARA, and sub- constables JOHN FRANKLIN, JAMES BURKE, JOHN YOUNG, JOHN MULLOONEY, and ANTHONY CULLEN, of the Clonlough station, were on patrol in the neighbourhood of Ballinahinch, about 7 P.M. last night, when they were fired on by a party of Rockites, about eight in number, who no doubt lay in wait for them; the police (four of whom were loaded) returned the fire, but cannot say with what degree of effect. The Rockites' fire, I am sorry to say, told on sub-constable CULLEN; he is severely wounded in both arms. The ball, which passed through the left and lodged in the right arm, near the elbow (but not in the joint), has been extracted by Dr. CAREY, of this town, who was immediately in attendance. The police took but one prisoner and one stand of arms (a pistol); the prisoner is a young man about 18 years old, a servant boy of a farmer; the police detected him giving the signal to the Rockites to rush from their hiding place, near a house where the constable O'HARA states he called to receive some information about unregistered arms, and a party whom they met on patrol the Friday before, and whom they suspected to have been firing shots and disturbing that neighbour hood, but found no arms with them. One fellow on this occasion, on being searched by the police, attempted to wrest the carbine from sub-constable YOUNG, whom they have summoned for obstructing them in the discharge of their duty, by order of the magistrates. On being apprised of the occurrence, about 8 P.M. last night, I immediately proceeded to the scene of conflict, accompanied by head constable WASS and constable O'HARA, and a reinforcement from this, and being pointed out the direction the armed party had taken, we followed after, when the head constable observed a long gun lying on a field near the scene. We then proceeded to search many suspected places, but could discover no trace of any wounded man; a Caroline hat has also been found; there is a fresh party now in pursuit in other localities. I will, of course, after further inquiry is made into this serious affair, make a further report. I have had no time to consult the magistrates in person as to the offer of a reward, but I think there are sufficient grounds for 100 l., as the attack was a most murderous one. - Inspector-general, (signed) J. Lewis, S. I. Earl's-Hill Colliery, Barony of Slievardagh, County Tipperary. The Board of Directors of the Mining Company of Ireland hereby gives notice to all whom it may concern, that the company's works at Earl's-hill Colliery will be suspended on Saturday, the 20th of December next, or the earliest day admissible, under existing contracts. The Board has been reluctantly impelled to adopt this course by the outrages and threats to which the company's stewards, MARTIN MORRIS and others, have been subjected with impunity, notwithstanding large rewards offered for information, which might lead to the punishment of the offenders, and by the threatening notices subsequently served on those well-disposed workmen who are desirous to work under the Company, and earn support for themselves and families, but whose lives are too highly valued by the Board to be risked by continuance of the works, until sufficient protection can be afforded to them. By order of the Board of Directors. Dublin, 26 November 1845. - RICHARD PURDY, Secretary. Sir, Kyle Park, Borrisokane, 9th December. It is my principal duty to state to you for the information of His Excellency the Lord-lieutenant, that at dusk last evening a farmer named JOHN HOGAN, residing at Ballinderry, was shot dead close to his own house; three or four shots were discharged at him, so close as to set his clothes on fire, and his body perforated in every part with balls. The cause assigned is, that he had taken an acre of land joining his farm from whence a neighbour had been dispossessed. The townland is part of Mr. FRAZER'S property, which has been heretofore fruitful in crime; the murdered man was brother to DARBY and MICHAEL HOGAN, both of whom have been fired at, the one in February last, the others a few weeks ago; they have police protection by my recommendation, two men being furnished on alternate days from two neighbouring stations, a plan that I now see works badly, for the draught renders it nearly inoperative for other duties. I would therefore advise that two men be stationed permanently at HOGAN'S. I have mentioned this to the police officer, and it meets his approval. R. PENNEFATHER, Esq. District of Carrick-on-Suir, Barony of Slievardagh, Parish of Garrongibbon, Townland of Garrymorris, 19 January 1846. I have to state, that on the evening of the 17th instant, about the hour of 6 o'clock, as ROBERT MURPHY of the above place was entering his house, he was fired at by one of three men who stood at a small fence opposite the door; the ball entered under his left breast, and passed into his body, from the effects of which he now lies dangerously ill, and no hopes of his recovery. MURPHY was employed with another man as keeper on the property of RICHARD DUNN of Coolarkin (the next townland) seized for rent due of him. I visited MURPHY on the night of the occurrence at one o'clock, bringing with me a medical man and six police on two cars. Previous to my arrival, he had given the names and description of three persons whom he said he saw when the shot was fired at him, to Constable UNIACK of the Glenburn Post, who instantly proceeded with his party and arrested them. (signed) RICHARD ROCHE, S. I., 1st Rate. Newport, 21 January 1846. I have to report that on the night of the 20th instant, about 6 P.M., at Cally, in the parish Kilemaratty, as Mr. ALFRED WALLER was returning to his residence, and alone, he was waylaid in a field by four men, who severely assaulted him on the head and arms with bludgeons and stones, inflicting two severe cuts on his head, and dreadful contusions on the left arm, which fractured one of the bones below the elbow. I visited Mr. WALLER immediately after being apprised of the occurrence, and after first making search in the houses of suspected per sons, but could discover nothing that could enable me to attach guilt to the inmates; Mr. WALLER himself states that he could not identify any of the persons who attacked him, nor did he at the moment discover any fire-arms with them. It is, however, pretty evident that they had fire-arms, and must have assaulted him with them, inasmuch as a small part of the stock of a gun or pistol had been found on the spot this morning; Mr. WALLER himself was armed with a pistol at the time, which he endeavoured to pull from his pocket, but from the hurry of the moment could not do so effectually until he was knocked down; he, however, while down, got out the pistol, which he discharged at his assailants, but with what effect it is hard to say; I fear with none on his assailants; it, nevertheless, attracted the notice of some persons who were on the road, and who ran towards where they heard the explosion, and, it is supposed, caused the offenders to fly before they could effect their purpose, if it was to murder.' I have this day reported the occurrence to the next magistrate, H. LEE, Esq., who is of an opinion that a serious outrage had been committed, and that a reward of 50 l., at least, should be offered for the discovery and conviction of the perpetrators. A few acres of land (3 which Mr. WALLER had at his disposal was the cause, inasmuch as his assailants, while beating him, desired him "give up Coona, give up Coona" (the name of the little townland which persons of the name KEEFFE pretended to have a claim to). Mr. WALLER'S life is not considered in any imminent danger. - J LEWIS, S. I., 2d Rate. Inspector-general. Nenagh, 2 February 1846. On yesterday, as Mrs. BENNETT, of Moneyguil, was driving to Ballinaclough Church, she was stopped on the road by two men, one armed with a pistol, and the other with a wattle, and ordered her to put away two of her men, HENZY and FEEHALLY. On her asking them what they had done, they snapped the pistol twice at her, and gave her three blows of the wattle, which severely injured her arms. HENZY, who they ordered to be turned away, has been repeatedly attacked within the last few years; and who is the same man who, a short time since, was fired at through the window at Moneyguil House, while eating his supper, and wounded in the arm with a ball, although there were two men stationed in the house for his protection. Finding no threats could intimidate him, and that it is difficult to get at him in consequence of the presence of the police, they have resorted to this cowardly attack on an old lady nearly blind, and against whom they have no complaint, but for keeping men in her employment who she considers faithful. I do not particularly mention this case on account of the amount of injury done, as Mrs. BENNETT has not received any serious injury, and she thinks herself the pistol was not loaded, and only snapped to intimidate her; but it clearly proves to what a state of inhuman barbarity many of the people of this county are reduced, when they could thus assault a feeble old lady while on her way to church. With what endless perseverance they follow up their designs when once formed, and another of the numerous instances that it is not the rights of property they alone attempt to put an end to, but all right to the freedom of action, or even judgment. (signed) JOS. TABUTEDU, R.M. RICHARD PENNEFATHER, Esq.