News: Assorted Newspaper Accounts From Tipperary - 1846-1869 *********************************************** Ireland Genealogy Projects Archives Tipperary Index Copyright ************************************************ File contributed by: Sheryl Zenzerovich ASSORTED NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS FROM TIPPERARY - PRINTED IN THE LONDON TIMES q1846-1869 1846 Feb. 2 1846 A man was found murdered on Thursday in a grove near Borrisokane. His offence against the "code," according to the Tipperary Vindicator, consisted in his having "processed some persons for debt at the last quarter session." A letter written from the scene, states the man's name was Madden and he we found in a plantation belonging to a gentleman named Stoney, residing at Portland near Borrisokane... A proclamation (Special Commission) refers to an attack in Tipperary made by an armed party on the night of the 25th. (Sunday being a favourite day for working out agrarian legislation), on John Cawley, his wife and son, who were beaten; the same party then attacked the house of Ellen Slattery and issued their mandate to give up her land, under the usual penalty of non-compliance. Rewards of 60 pounds have been offered... March 9, 1846 On Thursday night last, as Mr. Henry Smithwick of Youghal Cottage, who was accompanied by William Denis Kennedy of Gurteenakilla, steward of Mr. Finch of Tullamore-park and James M'Cutcheon of Boularue, near Kilcoleman, were returning home from attending the market at Nenagh, when at the White Walls, within the suburbs of the town, they were attacked. M'Cutcheon ran back into town, and the driver of the car, James Moloney servant to Mr. Smithwick, drove home at a furious rate, leaving his master and Denis Kennedy senseless on the road. Smithwick was robbed of a case of pistols. NENAGH GUARDIAN April 4, 1846 The trial of two men, Patrick Rice and Patrick Hayes, charged with conspiracy to murder Patrick Clarke in the month of Oct.last commenced at Nenagh assizes Tuesday last. A host of witnesses were examined for the Crown, the principal being and approver named Burns, his two sons , very young men and a daughter 12 or 13 years of age. After the verdict of guilty was read. there was a sensation in the courthouse. Mr. Dwyer demanded an arrest of judgement. Dwyer and his colleague Armstrong had till adjournment to provide grounds. April 25, 1846 Catastrophe at Cashel Subjoined account from the TIPPERARY FREE PRESS. "In my note of yesterday, I informed you that 200 men were employed by the Relief Committee in cutting down a road. These poor fellows, after their day's work, assembled in the town hall to be paid; having pressed forward in great numbers, the loft suddenly gave way and over 100 men were precipitated to the ground. Messsrs. Dolan and Coman deserve the highest praise for exhorting the people to keep their position and thereby preventing a second tragedy. It was an appalling scene of broken rafter and limbs... faces unrecognisable, all piled in the depth below.... Sisters mad, wives distracted. Each screaming for her own... 10 or 12 carts laden for the county hospital. Dr. Russell, Dr. Graham, the military doctor and some other medical doctors are indefatigable". April 2, 1846 Confessions of a Tipperary Informer - The occasion is rare indeed upon which an informer was known to come to court with clean hands; but of all miscreants of the tribe that ever figured in a temple of justice, foremost stands, Mr. James Darmody, in the capacity of approver in a case tried before the Chief Baron at Nenagh assizes on Friday last. Two men, Edward Ryan and John Conway, were indicted for assaulting the habitation of Pat Hogan of Bawn, and firing into it a loaded gun. The following is the cross-examination of the approver Darmody, who in his direct evidence had sworn he was instigated to fire, in the attack on Hogan, by a person named Kennedy; - Cross examined by Mr Rolleston - How old are you? - I am 26 years old. You are a married man - Yes I have a wife. Counsel - God help her! Have you any children? - I have. How do you support yourself. I have a quarter of land. How far is Culluhun from your house? - Two miles. How far is it from Bawn? - 12 miles. Did you ever do a job for Kennedy before? - I never did. What brought you into Nenagh - I came to serve a Crown summons for Ryan. How long have you know Fogarty - Three or four years. Upon your oath, would you not shoot a man if you were asked? - I don't think I would. Why did you go to shoot a man for Fogarty - I did it because I knew him. Were you at the taking of the Black Chapel - I was not. Were you in gaol for Shanahan's murder? - I was. And so you planned the murder of poor Hogan in a public house in this town - I did not. You agreed to do the job - I did after drinking. Were you at the murder of Shanhan? - I was. Were you tried for the murder of James Ryan More? - I was not. Here he coolly detailed the particulars of Shanahan's murder. - We killed him with stones in his own yard near Lord Hawarden's. Did you stand in the door of Bolton's house while his daughter was attacked - I did. And the corpse was lying before you in the yard? Was poor Bolton murdered because he sent home a gun he took from Lord Hawarden? He was. Testifies that Shanahan was murdered ten years ago... Ryan was killed about a year after. Hayes was killed on the 6th of Aug. last. Do you remember being a witness upon the trial when the fight took place between Stapleton and Gleeson? - I do. Did you fire at Hogan's house - No, Fogarty fired the pistol through the door. Pat Murphy took me to Hogan's to have a fight with a party. How far is Traveston from Hogan's - About a mile. What induced you to give information - I heard one of the party was going to turn approver and I turned before him. So you told all you knew to save yourself - I did. Murders and all? - Murders and all. There was other corroborating evidence and the prisoners were found guilty. April 7, 1846 The TIPPERARY VINDICATOR of Saturday (this day) gives the particulars of another case of eviction on the lands of Mr. Tuthill, between Nenagh and Limerick... Friday in Gorthore the execution of an 'habere' ... 120 men of the 72nd Highlanders, under Capt. Pollard, 41 police under Sub-Inspector Lewis of Newport and several bailiffs went at an early hour. Nine poor families were evicted. The day was particularly wet, cold and inclement. No resistance was offered to the executioners of the law... Those who were present showed every courtesy and kindness to the military officers and soldiers who boiled eggs and gave what refreshment they had to them. The men of the 72d seemed ashamed of the distressing duty. The names of the persons evicted: Patrick Mara, 4 in family Patrick Clancy 9 in family (who showed his receipt for his rent up to Nov..) John Fennel, 5 in family Denis Brine, 5 in family Pat O'Brien 5 in family Patrick Clancy 7 in family William Herbert, at least 5 in family May 22, 1846 Fatal conflict at Birdhill on Saturday last where two people met an untimely death. The 'Vindicator' (the Repeal paper) gives a graphic narrative of the transaction - Mr. George Mansell is the tenant of a Mr. Stephen Hasting Atkins...An habere was issued for arrears of one year's rent...Maunsell barricaded his house with seven or eight people inside...the police, commanded by Lewis fired upon the house... two people killed...Mr. Maunsell is a Protestant. An inquest was held by James Carroll, coroner. In attendance were Mr. Joseph Tauteau, S.M., Mr. Henry Lee of Barna, justice of the peace, Mr. Charles O'Dell S.I., of Nenagh, Mr. John Lewis, S.I. of Newport and Capt. Pollard of the 72nd Highlanders... Mr. Samuel M. Going, sub sheriff was examined. Aug 14, 1846 The TIPPERARY VINDICATOR published the following letter from one of the spiritual directors of the people addressed to the parish priest of Nenagh, by the Rev. Henry Keary, parish priest of Templederry, where the Rev. Mr. Kenyon officiates as curate: Killeen, Aug 10, 1846 Enclosed is my one pound subscription to the repeal fund. The moderate tone of the National Assembly has won the confidence of every honest, sterling patriot... (the rest in fragments, illegible). Aug. 21, 1846 Newport, Monday - Patrick Ryan, a clothier and native of Newport, was found murdered at the Kilcommon mountains near the Anglesea road on Saturday last. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR Sept. 14, 1846 NENAGH GUARDIAN of yesterday - A demonstration against the payments of rents under the passive resistance system, took place on Monday... The tenants of Lohorna (?) have for another season postponed rendering unto Ceasar that which is due. Mr. O'Connell arrived here on Thursday en route to Derrynane, accompanied by his daughter Mrs. French. Mr. And Mrs. Ryan and the Misses Ryan, Dr. Whelan, R.C. Bishop of Bombay, Mr. Steele and Mr. O'Connell of Ennis and Nicholas Power. Oct 5, 1846 It is our sad duty to record one of the most mysterious, atrocious murders perpetrated in the broad noon of Wednesday on the person of a singularly inoffensive man near Kilgarvan, the residence of Mr. Solomon Cambie... Coroners inquest before Mr. James Carroll assisted by Dr Dempster of Nenagh - The deceased William Latchford and a man named Hogan were going home from Kilgarvan... Latchford had for some year been gatekeeper at Bellview the residence of Mr. Edward Biggs and was employed as tutor by some of the neighboring gentry... No clue has been determined as to the cause of the murder. Attack on Miss Gleeson of Newtown - An armed party of six or seven proceeded on Thursday to the residence of Miss Gleeson of Portroe. After considerable exertion they obtained entrance to the house... a male servant of the house and the brother-in-law of Miss Gleeson, a man of the name Mara, abandoned their endeavor to keep the door closed. The Terry Alts beat Mara and declared that if "Miss Gleeson did not deal fairly by her brother they would kill all when next they came." They then decamped. Miss Gleeson and her brother Michael Gleeson have not been on good terms in consequence of the latter having been ejected from a large farm which the former at present tenants. An armed party attacked the house of a man named Dwyer of Capparue on Wednesday... Dwyer it seems has become obnoxious on account of land he was warned about...Dwyer was not at home during the attack. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR Oct. 15, 1846 Borrisokane - On Friday the 9th, an armed man entered the house of Michael Gaynor, a respectable farmer and shot him. He lies in a hopeless state, attended to by Dr. Hobbs. On the same evening another respectable farmer named Cleary, residing at Kilfada in this neighborhood was fired at without effect. This is the second attempt on Cleary's life. Oct.23, 1846 Tipperary, North Riding - On Saturday last, a bailiff named Gleeson went in the direction of Garrinafad, near Ballymackey to serve writs 'capias' for rents due to Mr. White, in the county of Limerick. Gleeson was attacked by men with stones and is not expected to recover. He is being attended to by Dr. Edward Kitson. On Friday last, a man with a blunderbuss entered the dwelling of John Cormack of Ballyhogan, within two miles of Nenagh, and ordered him not to pay any rent whatsoever, and tell all the tenants on the property to do the same. London Times Oct. 30, 1846 "In our number of Wednesday," says the NENAGH GUARDIAN, "we gave and account of an outrage on the person of a man named William Williams, whose house at Ballina was entered by a party of ruffians, who demanded money he received that day for wheat, which they did not obtain, but took away his watch, and afterwards returned with it, offering it to Williams for 1 pound, which he declined." Williams was beaten and died on Sunday last. An inquest was held by James Carroll, assisted by Capt. Kelly, R.M., of Shinrone. Eliza Williams examined - I am the wife of the deceased... Two men said to me 'Give me a pound and I will give you your husband's watch. I replied I had no money... On the men leaving the house they took two loaves of bread.' Lydia Gavin, a servant girl and Robert Williams, a son of the deceased corroborated the foregoing statement. Dr. Stoney of Borrisokane performed the post mortem examination. An outbreak of the populace at Templemore is thus described by the Nenagh paper: - "On Monday last, as the steward employed under the Board of Works was about to place 15 men on works in Carrigloughmore, near Templemore, a body of about 150 persons assembled and prevented the others being employed, unless work was given to them all... The police from Templemore, under the command of head constable Patterson were on the spot, and no breach of the peace occurred. During the absence of the police from town, a mob of about 100 persons plundered a bread cart of Mr. Joseph O'Keefe, a baker... Another attempt was made on a bread cart from Clonakenny... A riot ensued, upwards of 500 rushed to the shop of a man named Ryan... The mob them went to the house of Ellen Ryan, where they broke four panes of glass.... On the appearance of the military, accompanied by Sir Henry Carden, Captains Hartford and Webb, magistrates of the county, peace was restored. Six of the ringleaders have been arrested. Nov 4, 1846 Thurles Court-House, Fri., Oct 30- A frightful attempt to commit murder here last night on Mr. Cooke who resides about one mile from this town. He is a very young man, and got married about 4 years ago to a Miss Langely, who was then about 14 years old, with whom he got some small property and thus became a landlord on a small scale. (The worst of all landlords, those petty ones.) His first act was to prevent public of access to a spring well, which was open to them from time immemorial, going so far as to place a man to guard the well. The magistrates told Cooke he ought to be satisfied that he was not thrown in the well. Contiguous to Cooke's house are some tenant's house many of the resident there said their ancestors have resided there for the last two centuries - some of those he evicted. Yesterday he entered additional ejectments at the sessions and was fired at on his way home. He was severely injured - LIMERICK EXAMINER. Nov 6, 1846 Accounts from the North Riding show no signs of improvement. I thus furnish an appended account of the attack on Mrs. Finch of Kilcoleman as supplied by the TIPPERARY VINDICATOR. As Mrs. Finch was proceeding home from Nenagh Church accompanied by her sister Miss Parker, her carriage was met by three men, one armed with a pistol. One of the men said he had a note for Mrs. Finch to turn away Quinlisk, her steward. Mrs. Finch stated she would not be dictated to about those in her employment. the men then attempted to had the paper to Miss Parker, but she determinedly threw it out the window... Chase was given... One of the men fell whilst going over a wall in a field belong to Mr. Kilkelly and fractured his ankle. He was treated by Dr. Quin, the physician to the county gaol, where two of the prisoners, Joseph Spain and John Hogan, both of whom were drunk, had been lodged. We understand that Spain's brother was tried at the last assizes for appearing in arms at night and was sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment. Hogan has been frequently in custody upon suspicion, many charge having been brought, but none proved. Nov 27, 1846 On Friday, a shot was fired into the kitchen of Mr. Alfred G. Richardson, Justice of the Peace of Rathbeg, near Sharavogue, the residence of the Hon. Colonel Westerna, M.P. Five panes of glass were broken by the shot. He escaped unhurt. Dec. 9, 1846 A Clonmel paper refers to the state of the gun trade in Tipperary - "No less that 71 guns were sold in our town the last fair day. This is bad work.... A labourer entered our town a few days ago seeking hire. He presented a formidable appearance; in addition to a spade and flail, he had a handy gun strapped across his back. Every man has a gun. Where this will end, God only knows." Dec 12, 1846 Barony of Slievardagh The address of Colonel Douglas, inspector of the relief committee to the farmers: "... I was in Cashel yesterday, and there the poorhouse built to contain 700 inmates, had in it 850, and to get to the door I had to force my way through 500 persons half famished, waiting for the miserable pittance doled out to them by the Poor Law union. Oh! It was a heartrending sight... To you farmers I now speak, 'tis in your power to amend this state of things; take the men off the public works, lend a hand to relieve the distress which now prevails..." TIPPERARY FREE PRESS Dec. 12, 1846 On Friday last, Mr. Wilson of Verdant-hill, near Roscrea was attacked by two robbers who were armed with loaded whips or sticks, commonly called skull-crackers. A gold watch, some silver and a pencil case were taken. Dec. 26, 1846 On Saturday last, six sheep the property of Mr. Osborne were killed at Newtown. Mr. Osborne, next day, went to the chapel at Gammonsfield to acquaint the priest of what had occurred. The priest addressed the people from the altar and denounced the perpetrators... The very day before his sheep were stolen, Mr. Osborne had six of them culled and killed for the use of the poor in Kilsheelan. A man named Thomas Hickey was committed to our gaol yesterday, charged with appearing in arms and firing at Thomas Lahy and Mary Lahy at Pallasdonohal, in this county on the 14th. On Thursday, as John Sheppard was retuning from Fethard to his house near Cashel, he was waylaid and robbed. On the 14th, a party of armed men entered the house of John Maher of Frehans near Caher, and robbed him of a gun and powder flask and took a half guinea from his wife. On Friday last, two loads of Indian meal, the property of the relief committee of Dundrum were forcibly carried off. On Saturday, a farmer named Doyle, who had just returned from America was robbed of 170 pounds. TIPPERARY CONSTITUTION Dec. 28 1846 An attack was made on Paul Molloy of Rockvalley, one of the pay clerks under the Board of Works on Wed., as he was proceeding from Traverston, the residence of his brother-in-law, Mr. Caleb Going. He was robbed of 50 pounds in silver. 1847 Jan. 7 1847 On Sunday last, Captain Battley's (paymaster of the 8th Hussars) house near Caher was attacked. Guns, pistols and money were taken. The fellows were pursued by Inspector Brew to the neighborhood of Clogheen, where they were lost sight of. Houses are attacked everyday, provision-carts plundered, cattle and sheep taken, society in fact is totally disorganized. Every ruffian in the country has arms. Jan 12, 1847 Thomas Mulcahy was murdered on Tuesday at Kilcoran near Cahir. Mulcahy had a reputation as a usurer and was on his way from the sessions of Cashel where he had obtained several decrees against parties indebted to him. Mr. W. Ryan, justice of the peace, assisted by Major Shaw, held an inquest on the body. Sub-inspector Drew was in attendance. A letter from Tipperary states that the distress there has reached such a height that the measure of relief expected from Parliament will come too late. It is sometimes impossible to get bread for money. Food reserves are fast disappearing... Jan. 18, 1847 William Dwyer, the process-server who was fired at and wounded a few days ago near the town of Templemore has died. Jan 21, 1847 State of Tipperary - "North Riding - Several hundreds of starving creatures have been refused admittance into the poor house, being completely filled..." "South Riding - About 150 sheep have been carried off from Slievenamon; all provisions carts are plundered... no sheep or cattle can be left in the field... the poorhouses are filled to suffocation, the turnips are exhausted... the mass of destitution is overwhelming." EVENING MAIL An outrage upon a helpless family residing at Jamestown near Mullinahone occurred on Sunday. Armed men demanded admittance to the house of Michael Mullally at Jamestown. There were in the house at that time, James Mullally, 80 years of age, and his nephew Michael, a cripple 60 years of age and two women named Mary and Ally Mullally. The inhabitant were beaten. All the ruffians came away with was 1s. 2d., a pitchfork, pipe, razor and two blackthorn sticks. Feb. 8 1847 On Wednesday, a steward on the public works named William Kennedy whilst proceeding to Ballyannee, within two miles of Nenagh was attacked. He ran to the police station at Puckawn and gave the alarm. On Friday the following notice was circulated. "... Notice is hereby given that the relief works in the parishes of Monsea, Dromineer, Killodiernan, Cloghprior and Knigh are suspended in consequence of the attack upon the overseer of the Ballyanne-road" - Charles Steuart Miller, Lieut., Royal Engineers. NENAGH GUARDIAN Feb. 12, 1847 On Saturday, an attempt was made on the life of a man named M'Murragh, a miller in the employment of Malachi Ryan, at Islandbawn Mills, within a mile of Nenagh. M'Murragh was leaving his house with his son, a boy of very tender years when he was hit with duck shot. They were attended to by Dr. Kitson and are out of danger. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR April 7, 1847 As the mail was on the journey between Thurles and Cashel on Tuesday March 30th, the coachman by some accident fell off the box without the knowledge of the only passenger. The guard, John Connolly, being alarmed at the fearful pace the horses were going, called to the driver to slacken his speed; but to his surprise received no response. Connolly, at the imminent risk of his life, got over the roof, on which there was a great quantity of luggage, and jumped from off the box on the back of one of the wheelers, and by great exertion succeeded in arresting the team. Had it not been for the courage of this experienced guard (fully 14 years), loss of life would most undoubtedly have been the result... - CORK REPORTER May 17, 1847 It is melancholy to pass through the country and see none of those evidences of life which a few years ago cheered the traveller, and made him rejoice at the appearance of the people. Between Nenagh and Cloughjordan - a distance of about six miles - nearly all the houses have been tumbled down. Between Cloughjordan and Borrisokane the Rev. Mr. Trench ejected 45 families comprising 250 souls from the property called Forty Acre. The houses are removed; a fence wall has been built around the property by the stones taken from those houses! A Mr. Ely has ejected and tumbled down the houses in the same district... Between Borrisokane and Nenagh the work of destruction has also progressed. A gentleman from Nenagh was startled on driving past one of the roofless huts, to hear groans issuing from the ruin. A poor man apparently in the height of fever, was lying amid the thatch unprotected from the rain that was falling heavily! The house had been his own, and he said he had come there to die. May 17, 1847 A Murderer Arrested -- On Wednesday se'nnight, Mr. Brown, an officer in the Irish police force, arrived in Cardiff, having in his custody two Irishmen, named Terence Corboy and Michael Banan, who had contrived to escape from Ireland to this country after committing very serious offences against the law... Corboy, who appeared a young man about 20 years of age, is charged with having murdered a man named Gleeson, at Toomavra (sic) in the county of Tipperary. The prisoner was taken to Drim (might be Drom) colliery, in this county by Mr. Brown, after a protracted and arduous search, which he continued under great difficulties with unabated ardour and determination. In the course of his search he accidentally fell in with Michael Banan, who escaped from justice, after being involved in some Whiteboy transaction... May 24, 1847 On Monday, two country girls went to the shop of Mr. Delahunty, hair-dresser in this town, and sold their hair for 2s. 3d. per head. This is certainly an original and extraordinary mode of obtaining relief. Tipperary Constitution Sept. 22, 1847 Tenant Rights in Tipperary ( From the Dublin Freeman of Monday) In pursuance of a requisition signed by a large number of tenant farmers in Tipperary... a meeting was held at Holycross yesterday. The object of the meeting "to establish a tenant league or an association of tenant farmers, for the purpose of asserting and securing the rights and improving the condition of the occupying tenantry of the soil." ... many travelled 20 or 30 miles to attend. About 4,000 persons were present. On the motion of Mr. M. Doheny, the chair was taken by Mr. W. Loughnane of Boytonrath, a tenant farmer. Mr. J.F. Lalor was appointed sec'y... Mr. Lalor read the resolution "...that the claim of the occupying tenants of the soil to a full and sufficient subsistence out of the crops they have raised... is prior and superior to every other claim ... that subsistence of the people is in danger and requires to be defended, protected and secured... we do hereby resolve and constitute ourselves into a public league under the name of the Tipperary Tenant League." Mr. J. Cormick, a tenant farmer, proposed the resolution for adoption. (Follows a very lengthy speech by Doheny). "...A fatality followed the export of our provisions. The people died in myriads - so fast did they perish that in Cork a single coffin sufficed for the parish." A Voice- Was that the coffin with the false bottom?" (Laughter). Doheny - "Yes, that was the coffin... These Whigs are very fond of economy; they carried their practice to the grave..." Mr. Doheny moved the adoption of a resolution... seconded by Mr. J. Gorman. Another resolution proposed by Mr. Lalor and seconded by Mr. C. Callanan and carried unanimously.... Mr. W. Connor also addressed the meeting. * Greatly abridged Oct 1, 1847 The following cases came before the magistrates at the Nenagh Petty Sessions are illustrative of the notion of "tenant rights" entertained by the disciples of Lalor and Doheny... The first case arose from a tumultuous assemblage of armed peasantry on the lands of Garranmore - "John Quigley sworn and examined by Mr. John F. Magrath - I am in the possession of the lands at Garranmore... Fifty men enter upon these lands shouting "Hunt the hare" ... by which they meant me and my brother. William Shouldice was one of them. Hugh M'grath had a spade and was digging up the land. Dennis Kennedy and James M'Grath had a double barrelled gun. Denis Ryan had a pistol and another man also named Denis Ryan a gun. John Mulcahy had a pistol. Hannah Slattery was engaged in throwing down the gap and digging up a portion of land. Mr. Fitzpatrick asked Quigley "You had no guns yourself, I suppose?" Quigley "Faith, I wasn't without them." Quigley also testifies that he, his uncle and three brothers were armed.. Case to be sent to the next assizes of Nenagh. Second Case - "There seems to be a general and wide-spread determination on the part of the tenant farmers not to pay any rents. If a landlord seizes upon a tenant who owes, the circumstance is immediately telegraphed ... every sympathy is enlisted on behalf of the tenant, whilst the landlord is looked upon as harsh and heartless..." These facts are illustrated in the following case: - "Michael Egan sworn and examined by Mr. Fitzpatrick. - I am bailiff upon the lands of Kilnafinch, the property of John Willington. I seized some livestock and grain for rent due.. That night a party of 12 persons took away a quantity of barley. Amongst the party, I recognized William and Edward Moylan" The case to go to the next Thurles quarter sessions. - NENAGH GUARDIAN Oct. 18, 1847 Mr. W. Loughnane, chairman of the Holycross demonstration has addressed a letter to the TIPPERARY VINDICATOR, censuring the tone of an article in a Dublin paper (the MAIL) in reference to the murder of Mr. Roe, who according to Loughnane, lost his life from his adherence to the "horrid system of landlordism and extermination which is the curse of Ireland." With respect to the case of John Lonergan, the tenant evicted by Mr. Roe, the Boytonrath writer says: "... Mr. Roe broke faith with that person, he promised on receiving 5 pounds last Christmas to indulge him till the harvest.... He evicted him on the 31st of August... Mr. Roe made short work of the matter, and assisted himself in sawing and cutting the rafters and demolishing the house.... It is with very great reluctance I mention the inhumane treatment experienced by the sub-tenants of John and Edmond Lonergan (the latter being also evicted by Roe). These poor creature were exposed to the inclemency of the weather, none of the farmers of Boytonrath dare shelter them... in consequence the Widow Hally died, as she declared, of a broken heart near Cahir..." The wall at Templederry, well nigh as celebrated as the China wall, the wall of Babylon or Jericho or any other great wall, fell on Thursday beneath the pickaxes, crow bars and spades of the labourers of Nenagh, under an escort of the 77th Regiment of Foot and the constabulary under Sub-Inspector O'Dell and Head-Constable Hayes. A covered car carried Captain Pollock to the scene of action. The wall had been erected by Rev. John Kenyon who was summoned to the petty session for trespass... November 1, 1847 - Dublin Oct. 30th (From our correspondent) The approaching month of November brings with it gloomy forebodings of another season of distress but little inferior in intensity to those of the past two years... The cry for labour comes from all quarters, the people of Tipperary are resolutely refusing the shelter of the workhouse and demanding employment or outdoor relief... The condition of the north riding is thus sketched by the Nenagh Guardian - "One fourth of the labouring population have no employment, the gentry have no means, in fact, to give it them... the workhouse now contains the number it is capable of accommodating, namely, 1,250 and therefore, outdoor relief must be administered forthwith to the able-bodied." Proceedings of the Nenagh Board of Poor Law guardians: Mr. Biddulph - "I am sorry to say destitution is alarmingly on the increase in the parish of Ardcroney. I know many families who have no means of supporting themselves... and must commit plunder. Yesterday a number of persons came to me and told me they were starving, they could procure neither employment nor food. Lamenting their condition I gave them some meal." Mr. Armitage - "The people are worse off now than they were last June." The NENAGH GUARDIAN says: - The assassination of John Ryan, steward of Mr. John Dalton Kellett, of Clonacody on Sunday last has created quite a sensation in the town of Nenagh, where the victim was well-known and had many relatives. On Wednesday his remains were accompanied to the last-resting place at Knigh by many respectable farmers. Michael Cummins, steward of Mr. Sadlier, who was in company of John Ryan died from his wounds. *Nov. 15, 1847 Attack on the Nenagh Workhouse The annexed remarkable proceedings, abridged from the NENAGH GURADIAN took place at the weekly meeting of the board of Poor Law guardian on Thursday last. While the board was admitting paupers and scrutinizing the names entered on the relieving officers books, about 300 able-bodied men and women forced open the gate... They threatened guardians with bodily injury if the did not receive forthwith outdoor relief or employment... Head Constable Hayes, Captain Pollock, and Sub-Inspector O'Dell were on the spot to preserve the peace... Those persons were principally from Toomavara, Latteragh and Ballymackey. They appeared to be in extreme destitution... The farmers, Messrs. John Dwyer, Richard Coughlan, George Jackson, &c. were received by the board. Mr. P Magrath (guardian) said the farmers of Ballymackey wished to speak... Mr. Coughlan (farmer) ... The labourers have neither food nor employment... they are willing to work but would starve rather than go into the workhouse. Mr. Willington - "All the farmers who are now assembled are from Clash and Ballymackey where there is no employment. Mr. Gleeson - "The people in Ballymackey and Toomavara must either starve or rob." Mr. Smithwick - "This house is open to them." Mr. J. Dwyer "I am afraid they will all be paupers." Chairman - It is very difficult to argue with a hungry man; at the same time a man need not be hungry if he comes in here." Mr. Gleeson- "They'll suffer half starvation before they come into this house." Dec. 1, 1847 Shooting -- To be let, the exclusive right of Shooting over the whole county of Tipperary for the present season. The game is exceedingly abundant, consisting chiefly of overseers, landlords, cess-collectors, bailiffs, process-servers, government pay-clerks, and occasionally a few women and children. Applications to be made to Archdeacon Laffan. No Saxon Need Apply! - PUNCH 1848 Jan. 25, 1848 On the night of the 19th inst. a poor woman named Mary Ryan and her daughter, who for the last two months suffered extremely from hunger, being excluded from relief by the possession of a small patch of ground, were detected stealing a few sheaves of wheat from the haggard of Denis Gorman at Burgessbeg, within four miles of Nenagh. Gorman attacked the women. Constable Sullivan of Cranan took the persons in charge. Mary Ryan died from her wounds. Gorman was a distant relative of Mary Ryan. London Times Aug. 7, 1848 - Dublin (From our Correspondent) The Insurrectionary Movement - The long continued absence of any decisive intelligence respecting the movements or probable policy of the rebel confederacy is acting very injuriously upon the public mind here. The inability of the authorities to capture Mr. O'Brien is regarded as an ominous symptom of the vast mass of disaffection prevailing among the lower classes... measures of extreme but necessary severity must be resorted to, unless the government have made up their minds to have an annual Irish insurrection concurrently with the reaping of the Irish harvest... The HUE AND CRY, thus sketches the personal appearance of the rebel generals and their aids-de-camp. The likeness of some, it must be confessed are by no means flattering. William Smith O'Brien - No occupation, 46 years of age, 6 feet in height, sandy hair, dark eyes, sallow long face, has a sneering smile constantly on his face, full whiskers, sandy, a little gray; well set man, walks erect, dresses well. Thomas Francis Meagher - No occupation, 25 years of age, 5 feet 9 inches, dark, nearly black hair, light blue eyes, paleface, high cheek bones, peculiar expression about the eyes, cocked nose, no whiskers; well dressed. John B. Dillon, barrister, 32 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches in height, dark hair, dark eyes, thin sallow face, rather thin black whiskers; dressed respectable; has bilious look. Michael Doheny, barrister, 40 years of age, 5 feet eight inches in height, sandy hair, gray eyes, coarse red face like a man given to drink, high cheek bones, wants several of his teeth, very vulgar appearance, peculiar coarse unpleasant voice; dress respectable; short red whiskers. Michael Crean, shopman at a shoeshop, 35 years of age, 5 feet eight inches in height, fair or sandy hair, grey eyes full face, light whiskers, high forehead; well set person; dress, dark shooting frock or gray tweed, and gray tweed trousers. Francis Morgan, solicitor, 43 years of age, 5 feet eight inches in height, very dark hair, dark eyes, sallow, broad face, nose a little cocked, the upper lip turns out when speaking, rather stout, smart gait, black whiskers. Patrick James Smith, studying for the bar, 29 years of age, 5 feet 9 inches, fair hair, dark eyes, fair delicate face, and of weak appearance, long back, weak in his walk, small whiskers ; clothing indifferent. John Hetherington Drumm, medical student, 20 years of age, 5 feet 3 inches in height, very black and curly hair, black eyes, pale delicate face, rather thin person, delicate appearance, no whiskers; dressed respectably - Methodist. Thomas D'arcy M'Gee, connected with the NATION newspaper, 23 years of age, 5 feet three inches, black hair, dark face, delicate, pale, thin man; dresses generally black shooting coat, plaid trousers, light vest. Joseph Brenan, sub-editor of the FELON newspaper, 22 years of age, 5 feet 6 inches, dark hair, dark eyes, pale sallow face, very stout rounded shoulders. Cork accent, no whiskers, hair on the upper lip,; rather respectably dressed, somewhat reduced. Thomas Devin Reilly, sub-editor of the FELON newspaper, 24 years of age. 5 feet 7 inches, sandy coarse hair, gray eyes, round freckled face, broad shoulders; dresses well. John Cantwell, shopman at grocer's, 35 years of age, 5 feet 10 inches, sandy hair, fair face, gray eyes, good looking, short whiskers, light, rather slight person, dresses genteel; supposed a native of Dublin. Stephen J. Meaney, sub-editor of the IRISH TRIBUNE, 26 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches, dark hair, full blue eyes, dark face, small whiskers going under the chin, smart appearance, was a constable of C division of police, discharged for dirty habits, stout,; generally dressed in black. Richard O'Gorman, jun., barrister, 30 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches, very dark hair, dark eyes, thin long face, large dark whiskers, well made and active,walks upright; dress, black frock coat and tweed trousers. Intelligence reached Dublin that 20 of the rebels engaged in the recent conflict at Ballingarry have been arrested yesterday. "Ballingarry, Aug. 3 - I am sorry to inform you that no certain intelligence has as yet reached headquarters as to the spot where Smith O'Brien lies concealed, though it is strongly surmised that he, Doheny and Meagher are in the neighborhood of Littleton..." Sept. 11, 1848 The NENAGH GUARDIAN published the following copy of a curious and rather extraordinary notice which was found posted on Sunday morning on the chapel door of Kilcommon: - "To the people of Tipperary - There is a man in the parish by the name of Father Moloney. Do you all be aware of him, for he is a real government spye. Ye all know John Ryan, of the barrack; also his son Pat, another government man, not forgetting his son Denis, that undermined Smith O'Brien, and went off to Nenagh the night he stood Kilcommon. Beware of them." The same paper gives an ebullition of some Young Irelanders which was found posted on the gate of Mr. Michael Morley, of Borrisoleigh on the morning of the 28th ult. - "There are good and tried men still living. Attention! Men of Tipperary, will you ever have it said that you will let the noble and high-minded men of Ireland who have sacrificed their lives, freedom and properties for your sakes, to be either hung or transported? Now is your time, and now only to redeem your country..." Sept. 22, 1848 Engaged with Smith O'Brien in rebellious insurrectionary proceedings. - John Preston, Jeremiah Kealy, John Linnane, Pat Ormond, John Brennon, Edmond Kennedy, Michael Bryan, Edward Maher, and James Britton. Concerned in treasonable practices - Thomas Parker O'Flannagan and Pat Dunn. Having a pike in a proclaimed district - Manim Murphy, William Quirke and Daniel Collins. Aiding and assisting S. O'Brien in arms against the Queen - Thomas Finnane and Edward Kennedy. Concerned in treasonable practices - William Pratt and Denis Tyne. Concerned in treasonable practices (high treason) - Manim Loyne (maybe Leyne), Patrick O'Donoghue, James Orchard, Thomas Stack, Terence Bellew M'Manus, Patrick O'Donnell, W. S. O'Brien, and Thomas F. Meagher. Burning the police barracks at slate quarries on the 12th July, in arms, destroying and stealing the property of the constabulary, and being traitors, &c. - James Neil, Patrick Walsh and John Moore. The following is from the Tipperary Free Press of last night - " The High Sheriff, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Pennefether has directed that arrangements shall be made in our commodious county court as will afford satisfaction to all parties concerned. The gallery usually devoted to magistrates, will be occupied by Lady O'Brien, Mrs. Smith O'Brien and relatives of the state prisoners..." Speculating on a disagreement of the jury - "We heard, not long since, that some fine fellows named Mulcahy, who felt that they were too often summoned, being likely to be detained for the night by the deliberations of their brother jurors offered to fight them for the verdict. Five of the Mulcahys were present and being strapping fellows, their polite offer was declined..." An order was issued for the trial of state prisoners at Clonmel, also ordered "That any one of Her Majesty's Justices of the Court of Queen's Bench be at liberty to accept bail for the appearance of Gilbert Whyte, James Edward O'Donoghue, Michael Hanly, Patrick Mulhall, Edward Lombard, Peter, M'Kenzie, James M'Grath, Gunning Teaffe (or Teefe), Edward Behan, Andrew Behan, John Sheehan, Henry Broxton, Richard Johnstone, Thomas Bergin, Stewart Wright, and Thomas M'Grade." Given at the Council Chamber in Dublin 18th day of September, 1848. [Note: No townlands for these individuals involved in the rebellion of '48 so could be from Tipperary, Waterford or elsewhere.] Oct. 6 1848 The Late Rebellion Clonmel - Tuesday. Since the commencement of the commission, the number of prisoners committed to gaol for trial has considerably increased by the capture of several of the fellows connected with the recent outbreak and the attack on the police barrack of Glen Bower, the Slate Quarries and Portlaw. Committed by the magistrates, H. W. Briscoe, and R. D. Coulson R. M. of Carrick-on-Suir. The following is a correct list of the committals since the 20th of September; among them is the editor of the Waterford Chronicle, and two ladies charged with having arms, powder, shot, and a quantity of bullets in their possession in a proclaimed district, and with aiding John O'Mahony the rebel leader, to effect his escape. One of the ladies had a quantity of shot and bullets in her bonnet when arrested. It is likely that some of these cases will be disposed of at the present commission: - James Neill, Patrick Walsh, John Moore, Edmond Landergan, John Hayes, William Rochford, James Landergan, Richard Daniel, Timothy Connell, William Crotty, Michael Comerford, James Sheedy, charged with burning the police barracks at the Slate Quarries and being in arms against the Queen's authority. Thomas Bourke and John Shea attacking the police barracks at Glen Bower, and shooting at the police. Edmond Egan and Patrick Cunningham, high treason. John Killilea, concerned in treasonable practices. Ellen Mary Power, having gunpowder & ., in a proclaimed district; and also for harboring John O'Mahony, charged with treason. Eugene M'Carthy, aiding Smith O'Brien in an insurrectionary movement. Thomas Hennessy, Pierce Power, and Denis M'Carthy, concerned in treasonable practices. Jane O'Ryan, bailed to appear at the Special Commission, ammunition & ., found in her house. Oct. 17 1848 The State Trials - (from our correspondent) Clonmel, Oct. 14 The trial of Mr. O'Donoghue was today continued and closed... On the part of the prisoner, Patrick Hanrahan stated that he lives at Tinlough, near Nine Mile House, at the foot of the Slievenamon. Saw the prisoner on July 29th. Mr. Meagher and Mr. Leyne were with him... The following day he saw Mr.Leyne, Mr. Meagher, Mr. O'Donoghue, Mr. O'Mahoney, and Mr. Hickie. He did not know Mr. O'Mahoney before. Believed he was a farmer. Had never seen Hickie before... Had heard before that Saturday that there were armed people going about the country. Had heard that Mr. O'Brien was in the field; had heard that he had been at Mullinahone and at Ballingarry... He did not think it odd that those persons should come to his house at 3 or 4 o'clock in the morning, but he should not like it continually.... Mary Maher examined by Mr. Meahger - Knew Pat Hanrahan. Was at his house one day in July. Recollected some gentlemen. Heard there names were O'Donoghue, Leyne and Meagher.. Saw James Hanrahan in the kitchen when they were there. Was a servant at Hanrahan's, was bring clean linen to her bother who was also a servant there... Had heard of Meagher and the fine speeches he made. Had not read them, but had heard them read. Could make no mistake about the number of gentlemen, They were O'Donoghue, Meagher and Leyne. Not one came but those three and O'Mahoney. Did not see any gentleman of the name Hickie. There was a man named Hickie, but he was no gentleman. He slept that night in the dairymaid's bed, and left with Hanrahan's brother in the morning. Joanna Kickham examined - lived at Glenview near Mullinahone. Her father was a farmer who kept a shop at Glenview.. She had an older sister and a brother not yet 15. Went to her uncle's that evening and saw a gentleman making a speech from a wall. Did not see O'Donoghue again that day. 1849 Jan. 31, 1849 - Clonmel "The flight of tenants and small farmers to America continues unabated, indeed it is on the increase...I an state the case of two respectable farmers, named John Magrath and Terence Carney, holding land at Rahan under a Mr. John I. Shee, of this town. They waited on him and gave up their holdings to go to America, where the poor man has some chance of being able to live. They were one year's rent in arrear, but Mr. Shee offered to leave them undisturbed possession if they would remain; they replied that it was of no use... March 15, 1849 The CLONMEL CHRONICLE contains the following: At two on Sunday as the judge was commencing to try the criminals with which our gaol is crowded, a murder was perpetrated close at hand. A poor old woman, Margaret Ryan was the victim, the object it appears, was a bag of meal in her possession... Constables Sullivan and Hillyard arrested a man named John Ryan (Jack) at Kilfeacle, the scene of the murder. The inquest was held by Mr. Thomas Chaytor. April 9, 1849 The subjoined statement appears in the Tipperary Vindicator: - Seven hundred and thirty-one individuals, nearly the entire village of Toomevara, will be rendered houseless on the 18th of the present month, on which day, in pursuance of the ejectment notices long since served on them, their tenements, it is said, will be levelled to the ground - Mr. Massy Dawson, landlord. In the name of God, where are those wretched people to go to? July 5, 1849 Cloghjordan, July 2 - VINDICATOR Daniel Egan of Ballydonagh, a most respectable young man, 24 years of age, was killed on his way to mass at Barna. He was in company with his father, mother and two sisters. It appears he stopped some few perches behind them on the "Mass-path" when he was shot. The reason assigned - his father is a middle landlord... On Friday the 29th, the house of Mr. Michael Hawley, of Ballycapple, Poor Law Guardian, a most respectable farmer, was attacked by some ruffians who broke his windows and fired a shot through the door, his family was present at the time. Constable M'Loskey came running, but the midnight miscreants escaped. A notice was found posted to the door: "Michael Haly (sic) take warning by this admit Gordon no longer in your house or if you do I will come again and send you to hell, let Martin Flarty take the same warning. Thomas Holy (Hely?) let him take the same no more..." The person alluded to above is a teacher, a quiet, inoffensive man who Mr. Hawley and other neighbors have kept in their houses alternately for the last six years. On the same night the house of John Shoebottom, a respectable farmer, was visited by the same gang, who fired a shot and posted a notice, nearly verbatim with the above. It is but a fortnight since Mr. Shoebottom had his windows broken and a shot fired, the ball passing within a few inches of Mrs. Shoebottom. On Friday the 29th ult., Michael Rahilly was killed by a gunshot wound, inflicted by Richard Tobin a caretaker employed by Simon Lowe, justice of the peace. Tobin was taken into custody by the Spring-hill police. An inquest was held by Captain Bradshaw. Tobin has been committed for trial for manslaughter at the next Clonmel assizes. July 16, 1849 Ejectments I appears that no less than 236 ejectment decrees were obtained against tenants at the present Quarter Session of Nenagh. Among the ejectors were the names of Lord Bloomfield, the Rev. Massy Dawson, Lord Dunally, W. B., Armstrong, R. M. Carden, the Earl of Charleville, Viscount Chabot, R. Gasson, B., Hawkshaw, T. H. Harden, A. F. Maxwell, the Earl of Orkney, J. Dwyer, S. O'Brien, T. P. Lloyd, G. Roe, the Hon. O.F.G. Toler, J. Maher, W. H. B. Waller and J. J. Willington. Aug 27, 1849 A deep laid and dangerous conspiracy has been providentially detected in the county prison of Nenagh... A convict named Hogan was an inmate at the gaol hospital though not recovered had himself removed to the prison. A nurse overheard a conversation... some plot was brewing. An investigation was held by Mr. Rock, the govenor, and Mr. Abbot. A conspiracy to attempt an outbreak was uncovered. Conspirators names are - Timothy Silk, Thomas Hogan, Thomas Kelly, John M'Loughlin alias Gaffney, Daniel Tierney, Michael Fennelly, William Glasgow and John Flanagan. They were separated and put in close confinement. Kelly and Flanagan have since confessed all. The turnkey Robinson was to have been seized, Jordan, a convict, was to overpower the turnkey, Whittaker. A letter was to be sent by Kelly to some of the convicts' friends to assist in the escape. The books and records of the gaol, kept in Mr. Beattie's office (deputy-governor) were to be destroyed. It appears that Ryan (Molly), to whom the letter was entrusted did not succeed in conveying it outside the walls. The men were convinced that the whole thing was blown and Ryan threw the letter in the privy. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR Sept. 7, 1849 New Agrarian Movement - The papers received this morning afford evidence of the existence of a rather perplexing conspiracy among the tenantry, to avail themselves of a defect in an act of Parliament which permits holders of land to carry off crops on a Sunday, without let or hindrance, and notwithstanding that they may be at the time in arrears to the landlord. From the NENAGH GUARDIAN: - On Sunday the 26th ult., Daniel Durick and 20 men assembled on the lands of Garrykennedy and cut down and carried away two acres of wheat which were growing on the lands of Dr. O'Brien, to whom Durick is a tenant and owes three years' rent. Dr. O'Brien, on hearing of this, sent men in pursuit of the crops which were about to be conveyed in boats across the Shannon to Galway. The corn was retrieved. Durick and his wife summoned three of Dr. O'Brien's men to the Nenagh Petty Sessions on Monday for assault.... On Sunday the 2d, a party of about 100 congregated on the lands of Clonmore, property of Richard Lidwell, Esq. and having cut down a large quantity of corn on a farm held by a defaulting tenant, W. Fitzpatrick. The police rescued the corn. Also on Sunday, 400 men went on the lands of Killmakill, near Thurles cut and carried away some wheat that had been sold at auction the preceding Saturday, by a middleman, Counsellor Manning. The tenantry and Mr. Manning are not on good terms. On this property of Kilmakill, a murder was committed about two years ago, by a family the name of Connelly. Two brothers were hanged for that murder, their mother and another brother were transported. On Sunday last 50 men headed by a young man named Kennedy, came to the lands of Ballymackey and cut down an acre and a half of wheat, property of Henry Cole Bowen. Denis Loughnane, bailiff to Mr. Bowen attempted to rescue the crop. Conflict ensued, missiles thrown, reaping hooks brandished... A man named Mullempy was injured. Kennedy succeeded in carrying away some of the crop. It appears Kennedy's father was evicted from the land for non-payment of rent and died a few weeks ago. His son claimed the crop in consequence of his father having sown it. Sept. 13, 1849 On Sunday a large party collected on the lands of Doonane, near Bushfield, and cut down, dug, and carried away all the corn and potatoes upon a farm lately held by a person named Magrath. Mr. Willington, of Castle Willington is agent over the lands. VINDICATOR Oct. 16, 1849 On Sunday last a large party of men collected on the lands of Cullihill and cut down two acres of corn which had been sown by a man named Duan. NENAGH GUARDIAN. Oct. 26, 1849 It is stated that several of the Count de Chabot's Tipperary tenantry have voluntarily surrendered their land and emigrated.... Now what is the state of our Tipperary gentry? Greenane-house is no longer the residence of a Manseragh... Lisheen-house, mouldering to decay. Clune-house, Bansha no longer recognizes the claims of a M'Carthy. Moore's Forth, residence of the late Crosby Moore, will ere long become a workhouse. Goldenville, the residence of Henry White, no longer receives the elite of the county. The extensive stores of the late Maurice O'Brien, in the Main-street are occupied by the wretched and the outcast. Nelson-street presents the appearance of a monster poor-house. The Bradshaws and Bakers have sought the situation of poor-rate collectors and obtained it. LIMERICK EXAMINER 1856 Sept. 2, 1856 The Mutiny at Nenagh (from the Nenagh Guardian) .... On Saturday upwards of 80 of the Tipperary light Infantry were marched up Summer-hill Barracks from the county gaol where they had been confined on a charge of mutiny... 1st Case - Private Patrick Thumpane, charged with having at Nenagh on the 8th of July taken part in the mutiny of the Tipperary Light Infantry by discharging a loaded firelock into the Barrack-square in which Her Majesty's troops were drawn up. Guilty to be transported for life. - Approved. 2nd Case - Private Thomas Gleeson - Charged with mutinous conduct.. Convicted and to be transported for life. Approved 3d Case - Thomas Devereux charged with mutinous conduct... and assaulting Colour-Sergeant Henry Cole.. Guilty and to be transported for life. Approved. 4th Case - Private Thomas Cawley for having taken part in the mutiny... Found guilty and sentenced to be transported for life. 5th Case - Private Stephen Skelton Charged with mutionous conduct and failure to obey his superior officer, Lieutenant Ralph Hall Bunbury... Convicted and sentenced to be transported for 21 years. 6th Case - Private Patrick Nolan, for mutinous conduct. Guilty. To be transported for 21 years. 7th Case- Private Henry Bennett, charged with having taken part in the mutiny. Guilty sentenced to 14 years' transportation. 8th Case - Private Thomas Fleming, found guilty of a similar charge. Sentenced to 14 years transportation. 9th Case - Private Andrew Burke Acquitted of inciting mutiny. 10th Case - Private Patrick Maher, charged with firing on Her Majesty's troops. To be imprisoned for two years and kept at hard labour. Major General Chatterton said that they had all seen what those acts of mutiny had brought down upon the head of their comrades.... Major Foster then read the Lord-Lieutenant's letter commuting ... the sentence of death passed on Pvt. Patrick Burns for the murder of Private Curley 41st Regiment, to transportation for life. Also reduced in the cases of Thumpane, Gleeson, Deveraux and Cawley the sentence of transportation for life to 10 years' penal servitude. Privates Skelton and Nolan commuted to six years penal servitude and Bennett and Fleming to four years penal servitude. Oct. 2, 1856 The TIPPERARY FREE PRESS of yesterday contains the subjoined account of a murder committed at the District Lunatic Asylum in Clonmel - "On Saturday night, a number of ruffians crossed the Asylum wall for the purpose of plunder. The watchdog gave the alarm. The watchman, named Ryan, immediately challenged them and put up a gallant defense. The wounds inflicted on some of the scoundrels by Ryan, led to the apprehension of the entire gang by Constable Goulden, of the Irishtown police... Ryan died last evening, Dr. Sheil held the inquest. Arrested were James Conway, Daniel Lynch, Michael Shea, Michael Hughes, Catherine Hughes and John Sullivan in the lodging-house of Daniel Murphy, Irishtown. They were brought for examination before G. J. Goold, R.M. March 20, 1858 Tipperary - SAUNDERS of this morning contains the annexed communication dated Parsonstown Thursday evening. - "It appears that for some years past a young man named Timothy Cullinan, who has been but a few weeks married, has been at variance with parties named 'the Nowlans and Gibsons,' but each succeeding return of the anniversary of the patron saint was always selected by them as an appropriate day for a general engagement. Cullinan, dreading an onslaught did not come into town yesterday but his opponents attended mass at the Roman Catholic chapel, they then refreshed themselves at several public houses and had some altercations. They however, got home, all of them more or less excited from the drink... Cullinan left his house that evening and was attacked while passing the residences of his opponents. He was attended by Dr. Wallace, but died shortly after. Police at the Annagh station arrested four men, Francis Gibson, Pat Nowlan, William Collings, and Roger Sheedy. Mr. Thomas Brereton, R.M. visited the scene. A dispatch was sent to Nenagh requiring the attendance of Mr. Abbott, coroner of the Northern division of Tipperary." Sept 20, 1865 In Tipperary also, Fenianism appears to be creating some interest. A magisterial investigation was held at Nenagh, at which a man named Daniel Connell was brought up for examination. After a search warrant had been issued, Mr. Reamsbottom found a book and some papers and documents that he forwarded to the Castle. The prisoner is unmarried and the second son of Widow Connell and well to do, being possessed of 120 acres under Capt. Massey Dawson... When the case was called, Mr. Bolton read the information sworn by Head Constable Harrison, who stated that persons were in the habit of assembling in a filed at Toomevara at night... The following song was found in the possession of the prisoner: The Green Flag Flying Over Us "Prepare, prepare, with silent care, And trust to words no longer, We've had enough of such false stuff; And find we are not the stronger, Those mountebanks who fill the ranks Hy(?) lying all in thorns. Of thim beware and still prepare, With the green flag flying over us..." Feb. 19, 1866 (From our Correspondent) .... In reference to the Clonmel prisoners, who are at present in Kilmainham Gaol and who were to have been brought up to-day, Mr. George Bolton, sessional Crown prosecutor for that county, made the following information before the presiding magistrate - "On the 2d of February inst. I received instructions to assist Samuel Hanna, Esq., R.M. Carrick on Suir, in investigating charges against several persons of that place being members of the Fenian conspiracy... directly implicating, Richard Hoare, Philip Morrissey, William Maher, John Daniel, William Dobbyn, William Ryan, John Maher, Colour Seargent Macarthy, Pvt. Keily, Timothy Mackese, Private Burke, and Corporal Brennan, all of who are now confined in Kilmainham prison as being members of the Fenian conspiracy. February 24, 1866 - Fenian Arrests - On Tuesday morning John O'Kavanagh, a shopkeeper and an elderly man, by repute one of the leaders of the Fenian movement; Edward O'Kavanagh, his son; David Slattery, of Kerrickbeg; John Kent, Ballylinch; John Wall, Ballyrichard; Michael M'Namara Dooley, Waterford; Edward O'Fogarty, Ballyrichard; and Cornelius O'Leary, of Carrick were arrested by Mr. M'Loughlin, S.I. of Carrick-on-Suir. M'Namara Dooley and Leary are late arrivals from America, and where they served in the US army. O'Kavanagh, the elder, it is stated, carried The Fenian flag at the Carrick regatta. June 5, 1867 It appears that a considerable number of the Tipperary "boys" who were out on Shrove Tuesday night have managed to evade the vigilance of the police ever since. But find that sort of life intolerable and being reduced almost to a state of starvation, about 20 of them came to the police barrack at Thurles on Monday and gave themselves up to Sub-Inspector Mularkey. They were removed to Templemore, where Mr. Gore Jones, R.N. accepted bail for 14 of the prisoners. One Stapleton, having been with the party which destroyed the Roskeen barracks and killed the boy Tracey, was detained. Some, it is believed, will never voluntarily give themselves up. Of these is Captain Joseph Gleeson, who would be put on trial for high treason and murder, and one or two other "captains," whose offences are of a dark complexion.