News: Assorted Newspaper Accounts From Tipperary - 1846-1869

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File contributed by: Sheryl Zenzerovich

LONDON TIMES q1846-1869


Feb. 2 1846
A man was found murdered on Thursday in a grove near 
Borrisokane. His offence against the "code," according to 
the Tipperary Vindicator, consisted in his having "processed 
some persons for debt at the last quarter session." A letter 
written from the scene, states the man's name was Madden and 
he we found in a plantation belonging to a gentleman named 
Stoney, residing at Portland near Borrisokane... A 
proclamation (Special Commission) refers to an attack in 
Tipperary made by an armed party on the night of the 25th. 
(Sunday being a favourite day for working out agrarian 
legislation), on John Cawley, his wife and son, who were 
beaten; the same party then attacked the house of Ellen 
Slattery and issued their mandate to give up her land, under 
the usual penalty of non-compliance. Rewards of 60 pounds 
have been offered...

March 9, 1846
On Thursday night last, as Mr. Henry Smithwick of Youghal 
Cottage, who was accompanied by William Denis Kennedy of 
Gurteenakilla, steward of Mr. Finch of Tullamore-park and 
James M'Cutcheon of Boularue, near Kilcoleman, were 
returning home from attending the market at Nenagh, when at 
the White Walls, within the suburbs of the town, they were 
attacked. M'Cutcheon ran back into town, and the driver of 
the car, James Moloney servant to Mr. Smithwick, drove home 
at a furious rate, leaving his master and Denis Kennedy 
senseless on the road. Smithwick was robbed of a case of 

April 4, 1846
The trial of two men, Patrick Rice and Patrick Hayes, 
charged with conspiracy to murder Patrick Clarke in the 
month of Oct.last commenced at Nenagh assizes Tuesday last. 
A host of witnesses were examined for the Crown, the 
principal being and approver named Burns, his two sons , 
very young men and a daughter 12 or 13 years of age. After 
the verdict of guilty was read. there was a sensation in the 
courthouse. Mr. Dwyer demanded an arrest of judgement. Dwyer 
and his colleague Armstrong had till adjournment to provide 

April 25, 1846
Catastrophe at Cashel
Subjoined account from the TIPPERARY FREE PRESS.
"In my note of yesterday, I informed you that 200 men were 
employed by the Relief Committee in cutting down a road. 
These poor fellows, after their day's work, assembled in the 
town hall to be paid; having pressed forward in great 
numbers, the loft suddenly gave way and over 100 men were 
precipitated to the ground. Messsrs. Dolan and Coman deserve 
the highest praise for exhorting the people to keep their 
position and thereby preventing a second tragedy. It was an 
appalling scene of broken rafter and limbs... faces 
unrecognisable, all piled in the depth below.... Sisters 
mad, wives distracted. Each screaming for her own... 10 or 
12 carts laden for the county hospital. Dr. Russell, Dr. 
Graham, the military doctor and some other medical doctors 
are indefatigable".

April 2, 1846
Confessions of a Tipperary Informer -
The occasion is rare indeed upon which an informer was known 
to come to court with clean hands; but of all miscreants of 
the tribe that ever figured in a temple of justice, foremost 
stands, Mr. James Darmody, in the capacity of approver in a 
case tried before the Chief Baron at Nenagh assizes on 
Friday last. Two men, Edward Ryan and John Conway, were 
indicted for assaulting the habitation of Pat Hogan of Bawn, 
and firing into it a loaded gun.
The following is the cross-examination of the approver 
Darmody, who in his direct evidence had sworn he was 
instigated to fire, in the attack on Hogan, by a person 
named Kennedy; -
Cross examined by Mr Rolleston - How old are you? - I am 26 years old.
You are a married man - Yes I have a wife.
Counsel - God help her! Have you any children? - I have.
How do you support yourself. I have a quarter of land.
How far is Culluhun from your house? - Two miles.
How far is it from Bawn? - 12 miles.
Did you ever do a job for Kennedy before? - I never did.
What brought you into Nenagh - I came to serve a Crown 
summons for Ryan. How long have you know Fogarty - Three or 
four years.
Upon your oath, would you not shoot a man if you were asked? 
- I don't think I would.
Why did you go to shoot a man for Fogarty - I did it because 
I knew him.
Were you at the taking of the Black Chapel - I was not.
Were you in gaol for Shanahan's murder? - I was.
And so you planned the murder of poor Hogan in a public 
house in this town - I did not.
You agreed to do the job - I did after drinking.
Were you at the murder of Shanhan? - I was.
Were you tried for the murder of James Ryan More? - I was not.
Here he coolly detailed the particulars of Shanahan's 
murder. - We killed him with stones in his own yard near 
Lord Hawarden's.
Did you stand in the door of Bolton's house while his 
daughter was attacked - I did.
And the corpse was lying before you in the yard? Was poor 
Bolton murdered because he sent home a gun he took from Lord 
Hawarden? He was. Testifies that Shanahan was murdered ten 
years ago... Ryan was killed about a year after. Hayes was 
killed on the 6th of Aug. last.
Do you remember being a witness upon the trial when the 
fight took place between Stapleton and Gleeson? - I do.
Did you fire at Hogan's house - No, Fogarty fired the pistol 
through the door. Pat Murphy took me to Hogan's to have a 
fight with a party. How far is Traveston from Hogan's - 
About a mile.
What induced you to give information - I heard one of the 
party was going to turn approver and I turned before him.
So you told all you knew to save yourself - I did.
Murders and all? - Murders and all.
There was other corroborating evidence and the prisoners 
were found guilty.

April 7, 1846
The TIPPERARY VINDICATOR of Saturday (this day) gives the 
particulars of another case of eviction on the lands of Mr. 
Tuthill, between Nenagh and Limerick... Friday in Gorthore 
the execution of an 'habere' ... 120 men of the 72nd 
Highlanders, under Capt. Pollard, 41 police under 
Sub-Inspector Lewis of Newport and several bailiffs went at 
an early hour. Nine poor families were evicted. The day was 
particularly wet, cold and inclement. No resistance was 
offered to the executioners of the law... Those who were 
present showed every courtesy and kindness to the military 
officers and soldiers who boiled eggs and gave what 
refreshment they had to them. The men of the 72d seemed 
ashamed of the distressing duty. The names of the persons 
Patrick Mara, 4 in family
Patrick Clancy 9 in family (who showed his receipt for his 
rent up to Nov..)
John Fennel, 5 in family
Denis Brine, 5 in family
Pat O'Brien 5 in family
Patrick Clancy 7 in family
William Herbert, at least 5 in family

May 22, 1846
Fatal conflict at Birdhill on Saturday last where two people 
met an untimely death. The 'Vindicator' (the Repeal paper) 
gives a graphic narrative of the transaction - Mr. George 
Mansell is the tenant of a Mr. Stephen Hasting Atkins...An 
habere was issued for arrears of one year's rent...Maunsell 
barricaded his house with seven or eight people inside...the 
police, commanded by Lewis fired upon the house... two 
people killed...Mr. Maunsell is a Protestant.
An inquest was held by James Carroll, coroner. In attendance 
were Mr. Joseph Tauteau, S.M., Mr. Henry Lee of Barna, 
justice of the peace, Mr. Charles O'Dell S.I., of Nenagh, 
Mr. John Lewis, S.I. of Newport and Capt. Pollard of the 
72nd Highlanders... Mr. Samuel M. Going, sub sheriff was 

Aug 14, 1846
The TIPPERARY VINDICATOR published the following letter from 
one of the spiritual directors of the people addressed to 
the parish priest of Nenagh, by the Rev. Henry Keary, parish 
priest of Templederry, where the Rev. Mr. Kenyon officiates 
as curate:
Killeen, Aug 10, 1846
Enclosed is my one pound subscription to the repeal fund. 
The moderate tone of the National Assembly has won the 
confidence of every honest, sterling patriot...
(the rest in fragments, illegible).

Aug. 21, 1846
Newport, Monday - Patrick Ryan, a clothier and native of 
Newport, was found murdered at the Kilcommon mountains near 
the Anglesea road on Saturday last. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR

Sept. 14, 1846
NENAGH GUARDIAN of yesterday - A demonstration against the 
payments of rents under the passive resistance system, took 
place on Monday... The tenants of Lohorna (?) have for 
another season postponed rendering unto Ceasar that which is 
Mr. O'Connell arrived here on Thursday en route to 
Derrynane, accompanied by his daughter Mrs. French. Mr. And 
Mrs. Ryan and the Misses Ryan, Dr. Whelan, R.C. Bishop of 
Bombay, Mr. Steele and Mr. O'Connell of Ennis and Nicholas 

Oct 5, 1846
It is our sad duty to record one of the most mysterious, 
atrocious murders perpetrated in the broad noon of Wednesday 
on the person of a singularly inoffensive man near 
Kilgarvan, the residence of Mr. Solomon Cambie... Coroners 
inquest before Mr. James Carroll assisted by Dr Dempster of 
Nenagh - The deceased William Latchford and a man named 
Hogan were going home from Kilgarvan... Latchford had for 
some year been gatekeeper at Bellview the residence of Mr. 
Edward Biggs and was employed as tutor by some of the 
neighboring gentry... No clue has been determined as to the 
cause of the murder.
Attack on Miss Gleeson of Newtown - An armed party of six or 
seven proceeded on Thursday to the residence of Miss Gleeson 
of Portroe. After considerable exertion they obtained 
entrance to the house... a male servant of the house and the 
brother-in-law of Miss Gleeson, a man of the name Mara, 
abandoned their endeavor to keep the door closed. The Terry 
Alts beat Mara and declared that if "Miss Gleeson did not 
deal fairly by her brother they would kill all when next 
they came." They then decamped. Miss Gleeson and her brother 
Michael Gleeson have not been on good terms in consequence 
of the latter having been ejected from a large farm which 
the former at present tenants.
An armed party attacked the house of a man named Dwyer of 
Capparue on Wednesday... Dwyer it seems has become obnoxious 
on account of land he was warned about...Dwyer was not at 
home during the attack. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR

Oct. 15, 1846
Borrisokane - On Friday the 9th, an armed man entered the 
house of Michael Gaynor, a respectable farmer and shot him. 
He lies in a hopeless state, attended to by Dr. Hobbs.
On the same evening another respectable farmer named Cleary, 
residing at Kilfada in this neighborhood was fired at 
without effect. This is the second attempt on Cleary's life.

Oct.23, 1846
Tipperary, North Riding -
On Saturday last, a bailiff named Gleeson went in the 
direction of Garrinafad, near Ballymackey to serve writs 
'capias' for rents due to Mr. White, in the county of 
Limerick. Gleeson was attacked by men with stones and is not 
expected to recover. He is being attended to by Dr. Edward 
On Friday last, a man with a blunderbuss entered the 
dwelling of John Cormack of Ballyhogan, within two miles of 
Nenagh, and ordered him not to pay any rent whatsoever, and 
tell all the tenants on the property to do the same.

London Times
Oct. 30, 1846

"In our number of Wednesday," says the NENAGH GUARDIAN, "we 
gave and account of an outrage on the person of a man named 
William Williams, whose house at Ballina was entered by a 
party of ruffians, who demanded money he received that day 
for wheat, which they did not obtain, but took away his 
watch, and afterwards returned with it, offering it to 
Williams for 1 pound, which he declined." Williams was 
beaten and died on Sunday last. An inquest was held by James 
Carroll, assisted by Capt. Kelly, R.M., of Shinrone. Eliza 
Williams examined - I am the wife of the deceased... Two men 
said to me 'Give me a pound and I will give you your 
husband's watch. I replied I had no money... On the men 
leaving the house they took two loaves of bread.' Lydia 
Gavin, a servant girl and Robert Williams, a son of the 
deceased corroborated the foregoing statement. Dr. Stoney of 
Borrisokane performed the post mortem examination.

An outbreak of the populace at Templemore is thus described 
by the Nenagh paper: - "On Monday last, as the steward 
employed under the Board of Works was about to place 15 men 
on works in Carrigloughmore, near Templemore, a body of 
about 150 persons assembled and prevented the others being 
employed, unless work was given to them all... The police 
from Templemore, under the command of head constable 
Patterson were on the spot, and no breach of the peace 
occurred. During the absence of the police from town, a mob 
of about 100 persons plundered a bread cart of Mr. Joseph 
O'Keefe, a baker... Another attempt was made on a bread cart 
from Clonakenny... A riot ensued, upwards of 500 rushed to 
the shop of a man named Ryan... The mob them went to the 
house of Ellen Ryan, where they broke four panes of 
glass.... On the appearance of the military, accompanied by 
Sir Henry Carden, Captains Hartford and Webb, magistrates of 
the county, peace was restored. Six of the ringleaders have 
been arrested.

Nov 4, 1846
Thurles Court-House, Fri., Oct 30- A frightful attempt to 
commit murder here last night on Mr. Cooke who resides about 
one mile from this town. He is a very young man, and got 
married about 4 years ago to a Miss Langely, who was then 
about 14 years old, with whom he got some small property and 
thus became a landlord on a small scale. (The worst of all 
landlords, those petty ones.) His first act was to prevent 
public of access to a spring well, which was open to them 
from time immemorial, going so far as to place a man to 
guard the well. The magistrates told Cooke he ought to be 
satisfied that he was not thrown in the well. Contiguous to 
Cooke's house are some tenant's house many of the resident 
there said their ancestors have resided there for the last 
two centuries - some of those he evicted. Yesterday he 
entered additional ejectments at the sessions and was fired 
at on his way home. He was severely injured - LIMERICK 

Nov 6, 1846
Accounts from the North Riding show no signs of improvement. 
I thus furnish an appended account of the attack on Mrs. 
Finch of Kilcoleman as supplied by the TIPPERARY VINDICATOR. 
As Mrs. Finch was proceeding home from Nenagh Church 
accompanied by her sister Miss Parker, her carriage was met 
by three men, one armed with a pistol. One of the men said 
he had a note for Mrs. Finch to turn away Quinlisk, her 
steward. Mrs. Finch stated she would not be dictated to 
about those in her employment. the men then attempted to had 
the paper to Miss Parker, but she determinedly threw it out 
the window... Chase was given... One of the men fell whilst 
going over a wall in a field belong to Mr. Kilkelly and 
fractured his ankle. He was treated by Dr. Quin, the 
physician to the county gaol, where two of the prisoners, 
Joseph Spain and John Hogan, both of whom were drunk, had 
been lodged. We understand that Spain's brother was tried at 
the last assizes for appearing in arms at night and was 
sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment. Hogan has been 
frequently in custody upon suspicion, many charge having 
been brought, but none proved.

Nov 27, 1846
On Friday, a shot was fired into the kitchen of Mr. Alfred 
G. Richardson, Justice of the Peace of Rathbeg, near 
Sharavogue, the residence of the Hon. Colonel Westerna, M.P. 
Five panes of glass were broken by the shot. He escaped 

Dec. 9, 1846
A Clonmel paper refers to the state of the gun trade in 
Tipperary - "No less that 71 guns were sold in our town the 
last fair day. This is bad work.... A labourer entered our 
town a few days ago seeking hire. He presented a formidable 
appearance; in addition to a spade and flail, he had a handy 
gun strapped across his back. Every man has a gun. Where 
this will end, God only knows."

Dec 12, 1846
 Barony of Slievardagh The address of Colonel Douglas, 
inspector of the relief committee to the farmers: "... I was 
in Cashel yesterday, and there the poorhouse built to 
contain 700 inmates, had in it 850, and to get to the door I 
had to force my way through 500 persons half famished, 
waiting for the miserable pittance doled out to them by the 
Poor Law union. Oh! It was a heartrending sight... To you 
farmers I now speak, 'tis in your power to amend this state 
of things; take the men off the public works, lend a hand to 
relieve the distress which now prevails..." TIPPERARY FREE 

Dec. 12, 1846
On Friday last, Mr. Wilson of Verdant-hill, near Roscrea was 
attacked by two robbers who were armed with loaded whips or 
sticks, commonly called skull-crackers. A gold watch, some 
silver and a pencil case were taken.

Dec. 26, 1846 
On Saturday last, six sheep the property of Mr. Osborne were 
killed at Newtown. Mr. Osborne, next day, went to the chapel 
at Gammonsfield to acquaint the priest of what had occurred. 
The priest addressed the people from the altar and denounced 
the perpetrators... The very day before his sheep were 
stolen, Mr. Osborne had six of them culled and killed for 
the use of the poor in Kilsheelan. A man named Thomas Hickey 
was committed to our gaol yesterday, charged with appearing 
in arms and firing at Thomas Lahy and Mary Lahy at 
Pallasdonohal, in this county on the 14th. On Thursday, as 
John Sheppard was retuning from Fethard to his house near 
Cashel, he was waylaid and robbed. On the 14th, a party of 
armed men entered the house of John Maher of Frehans near 
Caher, and robbed him of a gun and powder flask and took a 
half guinea from his wife. On Friday last, two loads of 
Indian meal, the property of the relief committee of Dundrum 
were forcibly carried off. On Saturday, a farmer named 
Doyle, who had just returned from America was robbed of 170 

Dec. 28 1846 
An attack was made on Paul Molloy of Rockvalley, one of the 
pay clerks under the Board of Works on Wed., as he was 
proceeding from Traverston, the residence of his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Caleb Going. He was robbed of 50 pounds 
in silver.


Jan. 7 1847
 On Sunday last, Captain Battley's (paymaster of the 8th 
Hussars) house near Caher was attacked. Guns, pistols and 
money were taken. The fellows were pursued by Inspector Brew 
to the neighborhood of Clogheen, where they were lost sight 
of. Houses are attacked everyday, provision-carts plundered, 
cattle and sheep taken, society in fact is totally 
disorganized. Every ruffian in the country has arms. 

Jan 12, 1847 
Thomas Mulcahy was murdered on Tuesday at Kilcoran near 
Cahir. Mulcahy had a reputation as a usurer and was on his 
way from the sessions of Cashel where he had obtained 
several decrees against parties indebted to him. Mr. W. 
Ryan, justice of the peace, assisted by Major Shaw, held an 
inquest on the body. Sub-inspector Drew was in attendance. A 
letter from Tipperary states that the distress there has 
reached such a height that the measure of relief expected 
from Parliament will come too late. It is sometimes 
impossible to get bread for money. Food reserves are fast 

Jan. 18, 1847 
William Dwyer, the process-server who was fired at and 
wounded a few days ago near the town of Templemore has 

Jan 21, 1847 
State of Tipperary - "North Riding - Several hundreds of 
starving creatures have been refused admittance into the 
poor house, being completely filled..." "South Riding - 
About 150 sheep have been carried off from Slievenamon; all 
provisions carts are plundered... no sheep or cattle can be 
left in the field... the poorhouses are filled to 
suffocation, the turnips are exhausted... the mass of 
destitution is overwhelming." EVENING MAIL An outrage upon a 
helpless family residing at Jamestown near Mullinahone 
occurred on Sunday. Armed men demanded admittance to the 
house of Michael Mullally at Jamestown. There were in the 
house at that time, James Mullally, 80 years of age, and his 
nephew Michael, a cripple 60 years of age and two women 
named Mary and Ally Mullally. The inhabitant were beaten. 
All the ruffians came away with was 1s. 2d., a pitchfork, 
pipe, razor and two blackthorn sticks.

Feb. 8 1847 
On Wednesday, a steward on the public works named William 
Kennedy whilst proceeding to Ballyannee, within two miles of 
Nenagh was attacked. He ran to the police station at Puckawn 
and gave the alarm. On Friday the following notice was 
circulated. "... Notice is hereby given that the relief 
works in the parishes of Monsea, Dromineer, Killodiernan, 
Cloghprior and Knigh are suspended in consequence of the 
attack upon the overseer of the Ballyanne-road" - Charles 
Steuart Miller, Lieut., Royal Engineers. NENAGH GUARDIAN

Feb. 12, 1847 
On Saturday, an attempt was made on the life of a man named 
M'Murragh, a miller in the employment of Malachi Ryan, at 
Islandbawn Mills, within a mile of Nenagh. M'Murragh was 
leaving his house with his son, a boy of very tender years 
when he was hit with duck shot. They were attended to by Dr. 
Kitson and are out of danger. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR

April 7, 1847
As the mail was on the journey between Thurles and Cashel on 
Tuesday March 30th, the coachman by some accident fell off 
the box without the knowledge of the only passenger. The 
guard, John Connolly, being alarmed at the fearful pace the 
horses were going, called to the driver to slacken his 
speed; but to his surprise received no response. Connolly, 
at the imminent risk of his life, got over the roof, on 
which there was a great quantity of luggage, and jumped from 
off the box on the back of one of the wheelers, and by great 
exertion succeeded in arresting the team. Had it not been 
for the courage of this experienced guard (fully 14 years), 
loss of life would most undoubtedly have been the result... 

May 17, 1847
It is melancholy to pass through the country and see none of 
those evidences of life which a few years ago cheered the 
traveller, and made him rejoice at the appearance of the 
people. Between Nenagh and Cloughjordan - a distance of 
about six miles - nearly all the houses have been tumbled 
down. Between Cloughjordan and Borrisokane the Rev. Mr. 
Trench ejected 45 families comprising 250 souls from the 
property called Forty Acre. The houses are removed; a fence 
wall has been built around the property by the stones taken 
from those houses! A Mr. Ely has ejected and tumbled down 
the houses in the same district... Between Borrisokane and 
Nenagh the work of destruction has also progressed. A 
gentleman from Nenagh was startled on driving past one of 
the roofless huts, to hear groans issuing from the ruin. A 
poor man apparently in the height of fever, was lying amid 
the thatch unprotected from the rain that was falling 
heavily! The house had been his own, and he said he had come 
there to die.

May 17, 1847
A Murderer Arrested -- On Wednesday se'nnight, Mr. Brown, an 
officer in the Irish police force, arrived in Cardiff, 
having in his custody two Irishmen, named Terence Corboy and 
Michael Banan, who had contrived to escape from Ireland to 
this country after committing very serious offences against 
the law... Corboy, who appeared a young man about 20 years 
of age, is charged with having murdered a man named Gleeson, 
at Toomavra (sic) in the county of Tipperary. The prisoner 
was taken to Drim (might be Drom) colliery, in this county 
by Mr. Brown, after a protracted and arduous search, which 
he continued under great difficulties with unabated ardour 
and determination. In the course of his search he 
accidentally fell in with Michael Banan, who escaped from 
justice, after being involved in some Whiteboy 

May 24, 1847 
On Monday, two country girls went to the shop of Mr. 
Delahunty, hair-dresser in this town, and sold their hair 
for 2s. 3d. per head. This is certainly an original and 
extraordinary mode of obtaining relief. Tipperary 

Sept. 22, 1847
Tenant Rights in Tipperary ( From the Dublin Freeman of 
Monday) In pursuance of a requisition signed by a large 
number of tenant farmers in Tipperary... a meeting was held 
at Holycross yesterday. The object of the meeting "to 
establish a tenant league or an association of tenant 
farmers, for the purpose of asserting and securing the 
rights and improving the condition of the occupying tenantry 
of the soil." ... many travelled 20 or 30 miles to attend. 
About 4,000 persons were present. On the motion of Mr. M. 
Doheny, the chair was taken by Mr. W. Loughnane of 
Boytonrath, a tenant farmer. Mr. J.F. Lalor was appointed 
sec'y... Mr. Lalor read the resolution "...that the claim of 
the occupying tenants of the soil to a full and sufficient 
subsistence out of the crops they have raised... is prior 
and superior to every other claim ... that subsistence of 
the people is in danger and requires to be defended, 
protected and secured... we do hereby resolve and constitute 
ourselves into a public league under the name of the 
Tipperary Tenant League." Mr. J. Cormick, a tenant farmer, 
proposed the resolution for adoption. (Follows a very 
lengthy speech by Doheny). "...A fatality followed the 
export of our provisions. The people died in myriads - so 
fast did they perish that in Cork a single coffin sufficed 
for the parish." A Voice- Was that the coffin with the false 
bottom?" (Laughter). Doheny - "Yes, that was the coffin... 
These Whigs are very fond of economy; they carried their 
practice to the grave..."
Mr. Doheny moved the adoption of a resolution... seconded by 
Mr. J. Gorman. Another resolution proposed by Mr. Lalor and 
seconded by Mr. C. Callanan and carried unanimously....
Mr. W. Connor also addressed the meeting.

* Greatly abridged 

Oct 1, 1847
The following cases came before the magistrates at the 
Nenagh Petty Sessions are illustrative of the notion of 
"tenant rights" entertained by the disciples of Lalor and 
The first case arose from a tumultuous assemblage of armed 
peasantry on the lands of Garranmore - "John Quigley sworn 
and examined by Mr. John F. Magrath - I am in the possession 
of the lands at Garranmore... Fifty men enter upon these 
lands shouting "Hunt the hare" ... by which they meant me 
and my brother. William Shouldice was one of them. Hugh 
M'grath had a spade and was digging up the land. Dennis 
Kennedy and James M'Grath had a double barrelled gun. Denis 
Ryan had a pistol and another man also named Denis Ryan a 
gun. John Mulcahy had a pistol. Hannah Slattery was engaged 
in throwing down the gap and digging up a portion of land. 
Mr. Fitzpatrick asked Quigley "You had no guns yourself, I 
suppose?" Quigley "Faith, I wasn't without them." Quigley 
also testifies that he, his uncle and three brothers were 
armed.. Case to be sent to the next assizes of Nenagh.
Second Case - "There seems to be a general and wide-spread 
determination on the part of the tenant farmers not to pay 
any rents. If a landlord seizes upon a tenant who owes, the 
circumstance is immediately telegraphed ... every sympathy 
is enlisted on behalf of the tenant, whilst the landlord is 
looked upon as harsh and heartless..."
These facts are illustrated in the following case: -
"Michael Egan sworn and examined by Mr. Fitzpatrick. - I am 
bailiff upon the lands of Kilnafinch, the property of John 
Willington. I seized some livestock and grain for rent due.. 
That night a party of 12 persons took away a quantity of 
barley. Amongst the party, I recognized William and Edward 
Moylan" The case to go to the next Thurles quarter sessions. 

Oct. 18, 1847
Mr. W. Loughnane, chairman of the Holycross demonstration 
has addressed a letter to the TIPPERARY VINDICATOR, 
censuring the tone of an article in a Dublin paper (the 
MAIL) in reference to the murder of Mr. Roe, who according 
to Loughnane, lost his life from his adherence to the 
"horrid system of landlordism and extermination which is the 
curse of Ireland." With respect to the case of John 
Lonergan, the tenant evicted by Mr. Roe, the Boytonrath 
writer says:
"... Mr. Roe broke faith with that person, he promised on 
receiving 5 pounds last Christmas to indulge him till the 
harvest.... He evicted him on the 31st of August... Mr. Roe 
made short work of the matter, and assisted himself in 
sawing and cutting the rafters and demolishing the house.... 
It is with very great reluctance I mention the inhumane 
treatment experienced by the sub-tenants of John and Edmond 
Lonergan (the latter being also evicted by Roe). These poor 
creature were exposed to the inclemency of the weather, none 
of the farmers of Boytonrath dare shelter them... in 
consequence the Widow Hally died, as she declared, of a 
broken heart near Cahir..." The wall at Templederry, well 
nigh as celebrated as the China wall, the wall of Babylon or 
Jericho or any other great wall, fell on Thursday beneath 
the pickaxes, crow bars and spades of the labourers of 
Nenagh, under an escort of the 77th Regiment of Foot and the 
constabulary under Sub-Inspector O'Dell and Head-Constable 
Hayes. A covered car carried Captain Pollock to the scene of 
action. The wall had been erected by Rev. John Kenyon who 
was summoned to the petty session for trespass...

November 1, 1847  - Dublin Oct. 30th (From our 
correspondent) The approaching month of November brings with 
it gloomy forebodings of another season of distress but 
little inferior in intensity to those of the past two 
years... The cry for labour comes from all quarters, the 
people of Tipperary are resolutely refusing the shelter of 
the workhouse and demanding employment or outdoor relief... 
The condition of the north riding is thus sketched by the 
Nenagh Guardian -
"One fourth of the labouring population have no employment, 
the gentry have no means, in fact, to give it them... the 
workhouse now contains the number it is capable of 
accommodating, namely, 1,250 and therefore, outdoor relief 
must be administered forthwith to the able-bodied."
Proceedings of the Nenagh Board of Poor Law guardians:
Mr. Biddulph - "I am sorry to say destitution is alarmingly 
on the increase in the parish of Ardcroney. I know many 
families who have no means of supporting themselves... and 
must commit plunder. Yesterday a number of persons came to 
me and told me they were starving, they could procure 
neither employment nor food. Lamenting their condition I 
gave them some meal."
Mr. Armitage - "The people are worse off now than they were 
last June."

The NENAGH GUARDIAN says: - The assassination of John Ryan, 
steward of Mr. John Dalton Kellett, of Clonacody on Sunday 
last has created quite a sensation in the town of Nenagh, 
where the victim was well-known and had many relatives. On 
Wednesday his remains were accompanied to the last-resting 
place at Knigh by many respectable farmers. Michael Cummins, 
steward of Mr. Sadlier, who was in company of John Ryan died 
from his wounds.

*Nov. 15, 1847
Attack on the Nenagh Workhouse
The annexed remarkable proceedings, abridged from the NENAGH 
GURADIAN took place at the weekly meeting of the board of 
Poor Law guardian on Thursday last.
While the board was admitting paupers and scrutinizing the 
names entered on the relieving officers books, about 300 
able-bodied men and women forced open the gate... They 
threatened guardians with bodily injury if the did not 
receive forthwith outdoor relief or employment... Head 
Constable Hayes, Captain Pollock, and Sub-Inspector O'Dell 
were on the spot to preserve the peace...
Those persons were principally from Toomavara, Latteragh and 
Ballymackey. They appeared to be in extreme destitution...
The farmers, Messrs. John Dwyer, Richard Coughlan, George 
Jackson, &c. were received by the board.
Mr. P Magrath (guardian) said the farmers of Ballymackey 
wished to speak... Mr. Coughlan (farmer) ... The labourers 
have neither food nor employment... they are willing to work 
but would starve rather than go into the workhouse. Mr. 
Willington - "All the farmers who are now assembled are from 
Clash and Ballymackey where there is no employment.
Mr. Gleeson - "The people in Ballymackey and Toomavara must 
either starve or rob."
Mr. Smithwick - "This house is open to them."
Mr. J. Dwyer "I am afraid they will all be paupers."
Chairman - It is very difficult to argue with a hungry man; 
at the same time a man need not be hungry if he comes in 
Mr. Gleeson- "They'll suffer half starvation before they 
come into this house."

Dec. 1, 1847
Shooting -- To be let, the exclusive right of Shooting over 
the whole county of Tipperary for the present season. The 
game is exceedingly abundant, consisting chiefly of 
overseers, landlords, cess-collectors, bailiffs, 
process-servers, government pay-clerks, and occasionally a 
few women and children. Applications to be made to 
Archdeacon Laffan. No Saxon Need Apply! - PUNCH


Jan. 25, 1848
On the night of the 19th inst. a poor woman named Mary Ryan 
and her daughter, who for the last two months suffered 
extremely from hunger, being excluded from relief by the 
possession of a small patch of ground, were detected 
stealing a few sheaves of wheat from the haggard of Denis 
Gorman at Burgessbeg, within four miles of Nenagh. Gorman 
attacked the women. Constable Sullivan of Cranan took the 
persons in charge. Mary Ryan died from her wounds. Gorman 
was a distant relative of Mary Ryan.

London Times

Aug. 7, 1848 - Dublin (From our Correspondent)
The Insurrectionary Movement -
The long continued absence of any decisive intelligence 
respecting the movements or probable policy of the rebel 
confederacy is acting very injuriously upon the public mind 
here. The inability of the authorities to capture Mr. 
O'Brien is regarded as an ominous symptom of the vast mass 
of disaffection prevailing among the lower classes... 
measures of extreme but necessary severity must be resorted 
to, unless the government have made up their minds to have 
an annual Irish insurrection concurrently with the reaping 
of the Irish harvest...
The HUE AND CRY, thus sketches the personal appearance of 
the rebel generals and their aids-de-camp. The likeness of 
some, it must be confessed are by no means flattering.
William Smith O'Brien - No occupation, 46 years of age, 6 
feet in height, sandy hair, dark eyes, sallow long face, has 
a sneering smile constantly on his face, full whiskers, 
sandy, a little gray; well set man, walks erect, dresses 
Thomas Francis Meagher - No occupation, 25 years of age, 5 
feet 9 inches, dark, nearly black hair, light blue eyes, 
paleface, high cheek bones, peculiar expression about the 
eyes, cocked nose, no whiskers; well dressed. John B. 
Dillon, barrister, 32 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches in 
height, dark hair, dark eyes, thin sallow face, rather thin 
black whiskers; dressed respectable; has bilious look.
Michael Doheny, barrister, 40 years of age, 5 feet eight 
inches in height, sandy hair, gray eyes, coarse red face 
like a man given to drink, high cheek bones, wants several 
of his teeth, very vulgar appearance, peculiar coarse 
unpleasant voice; dress respectable; short red whiskers. 
Michael Crean, shopman at a shoeshop, 35 years of age, 5 
feet eight inches in height, fair or sandy hair, grey eyes 
full face, light whiskers, high forehead; well set person; 
dress, dark shooting frock or gray tweed, and gray tweed 
Francis Morgan, solicitor, 43 years of age, 5 feet eight 
inches in height, very dark hair, dark eyes, sallow, broad 
face, nose a little cocked, the upper lip turns out when 
speaking, rather stout, smart gait, black whiskers. Patrick 
James Smith, studying for the bar, 29 years of age, 5 feet 9 
inches, fair hair, dark eyes, fair delicate face, and of 
weak appearance, long back, weak in his walk, small whiskers 
; clothing indifferent. John Hetherington Drumm, medical 
student, 20 years of age, 5 feet 3 inches in height, very 
black and curly hair, black eyes, pale delicate face, rather 
thin person, delicate appearance, no whiskers; dressed 
respectably - Methodist.
Thomas D'arcy M'Gee, connected with the NATION newspaper, 23 
years of age, 5 feet three inches, black hair, dark face, 
delicate, pale, thin man; dresses generally black shooting 
coat, plaid trousers, light vest. Joseph Brenan, sub-editor 
of the FELON newspaper, 22 years of age, 5 feet 6 inches, 
dark hair, dark eyes, pale sallow face, very stout rounded 
shoulders. Cork accent, no whiskers, hair on the upper lip,; 
rather respectably dressed, somewhat reduced.
Thomas Devin Reilly, sub-editor of the FELON newspaper, 24 
years of age. 5 feet 7 inches, sandy coarse hair, gray eyes, 
round freckled face, broad shoulders; dresses well.
John Cantwell, shopman at grocer's, 35 years of age, 5 feet 
10 inches, sandy hair, fair face, gray eyes, good looking, 
short whiskers, light, rather slight person, dresses 
genteel; supposed a native of Dublin. Stephen J. Meaney, 
sub-editor of the IRISH TRIBUNE, 26 years of age, 5 feet 11 
inches, dark hair, full blue eyes, dark face, small whiskers 
going under the chin, smart appearance, was a constable of C 
division of police, discharged for dirty habits, stout,; 
generally dressed in black. Richard O'Gorman, jun., 
barrister, 30 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches, very dark 
hair, dark eyes, thin long face, large dark whiskers, well 
made and active,walks upright; dress, black frock coat and 
tweed trousers. Intelligence reached Dublin that 20 of the 
rebels engaged in the recent conflict at Ballingarry have 
been arrested yesterday.
"Ballingarry, Aug. 3 - I am sorry to inform you that no 
certain intelligence has as yet reached headquarters as to 
the spot where Smith O'Brien lies concealed, though it is 
strongly surmised that he, Doheny and Meagher are in the 
neighborhood of Littleton..."
Sept. 11, 1848
The NENAGH GUARDIAN published the following copy of a 
curious and rather extraordinary notice which was found 
posted on Sunday morning on the chapel door of Kilcommon: -
"To the people of Tipperary - There is a man in the parish 
by the name of Father Moloney. Do you all be aware of him, 
for he is a real government spye. Ye all know John Ryan, of 
the barrack; also his son Pat, another government man, not 
forgetting his son Denis, that undermined Smith O'Brien, and 
went off to Nenagh the night he stood Kilcommon. Beware of 

The same paper gives an ebullition of some Young Irelanders 
which was found posted on the gate of Mr. Michael Morley, of 
Borrisoleigh on the morning of the 28th ult. - "There are 
good and tried men still living. Attention! Men of 
Tipperary, will you ever have it said that you will let the 
noble and high-minded men of Ireland who have sacrificed 
their lives, freedom and properties for your sakes, to be 
either hung or transported? Now is your time, and now only 
to redeem your country..."

Sept. 22, 1848
Engaged with Smith O'Brien in rebellious insurrectionary 
proceedings. - John Preston, Jeremiah Kealy, John Linnane, 
Pat Ormond, John Brennon, Edmond Kennedy, Michael Bryan, 
Edward Maher, and James Britton. Concerned in treasonable 
practices - Thomas Parker O'Flannagan and Pat Dunn. Having a 
pike in a proclaimed district - Manim Murphy, William Quirke 
and Daniel Collins.
Aiding and assisting S. O'Brien in arms against the Queen - 
Thomas Finnane and Edward Kennedy.
Concerned in treasonable practices - William Pratt and Denis 
Tyne. Concerned in treasonable practices (high treason) - 
Manim Loyne (maybe Leyne), Patrick O'Donoghue, James 
Orchard, Thomas Stack, Terence Bellew M'Manus, Patrick 
O'Donnell, W. S. O'Brien, and Thomas F. Meagher. Burning the 
police barracks at slate quarries on the 12th July, in arms, 
destroying and stealing the property of the constabulary, 
and being traitors, &c. - James Neil, Patrick Walsh and John 
Moore. The following is from the Tipperary Free Press of 
last night - " The High Sheriff, Lieutenant Colonel Richard 
Pennefether has directed that arrangements shall be made in 
our commodious county court as will afford satisfaction to 
all parties concerned. The gallery usually devoted to 
magistrates, will be occupied by Lady O'Brien, Mrs. Smith 
O'Brien and relatives of the state prisoners..."
Speculating on a disagreement of the jury - "We heard, not 
long since, that some fine fellows named Mulcahy, who felt 
that they were too often summoned, being likely to be 
detained for the night by the deliberations of their brother 
jurors offered to fight them for the verdict. Five of the 
Mulcahys were present and being strapping fellows, their 
polite offer was declined..."
An order was issued for the trial of state prisoners at 
Clonmel, also ordered
"That any one of Her Majesty's Justices of the Court of 
Queen's Bench be at liberty to accept bail for the 
appearance of Gilbert Whyte, James Edward O'Donoghue, 
Michael Hanly, Patrick Mulhall, Edward Lombard, Peter, 
M'Kenzie, James M'Grath, Gunning Teaffe (or Teefe), Edward 
Behan, Andrew Behan, John Sheehan, Henry Broxton, Richard 
Johnstone, Thomas Bergin, Stewart Wright, and Thomas 
M'Grade." Given at the Council Chamber in Dublin 18th day of 
September, 1848.
[Note: No townlands for these individuals involved in the 
rebellion of '48 so could be from Tipperary, Waterford or 

Oct. 6 1848
The Late Rebellion
Clonmel - Tuesday.
Since the commencement of the commission, the number of 
prisoners committed to gaol for trial has considerably 
increased by the capture of several of the fellows connected 
with the recent outbreak and the attack on the police 
barrack of Glen Bower, the Slate Quarries and Portlaw. 
Committed by the magistrates, H. W. Briscoe, and R. D. 
Coulson R. M. of Carrick-on-Suir. The following is a correct 
list of the committals since the 20th of September; among 
them is the editor of the Waterford Chronicle, and two 
ladies charged with having arms, powder, shot, and a 
quantity of bullets in their possession in a proclaimed 
district, and with aiding John O'Mahony the rebel leader, to 
effect his escape. One of the ladies had a quantity of shot 
and bullets in her bonnet when arrested. It is likely that 
some of these cases will be disposed of at the present 
commission: - James Neill, Patrick Walsh, John Moore, Edmond 
Landergan, John Hayes, William Rochford, James Landergan, 
Richard Daniel, Timothy Connell, William Crotty, Michael 
Comerford, James Sheedy, charged with burning the police 
barracks at the Slate Quarries and being in arms against the 
Queen's authority. Thomas Bourke and John Shea attacking the 
police barracks at Glen Bower, and shooting at the police. 
Edmond Egan and Patrick Cunningham, high treason. John 
Killilea, concerned in treasonable practices. Ellen Mary 
Power, having gunpowder & ., in a proclaimed district; and 
also for harboring John O'Mahony, charged with treason. 
Eugene M'Carthy, aiding Smith O'Brien in an insurrectionary 
movement. Thomas Hennessy, Pierce Power, and Denis M'Carthy, 
concerned in treasonable practices. Jane O'Ryan, bailed to 
appear at the Special Commission, ammunition & ., found in 
her house.

Oct. 17 1848
The State Trials - (from our correspondent) Clonmel, Oct. 14
The trial of Mr. O'Donoghue was today continued and 
closed... On the part of the prisoner,
Patrick Hanrahan stated that he lives at Tinlough, near Nine 
Mile House, at the foot of the Slievenamon. Saw the prisoner 
on July 29th. Mr. Meagher and Mr. Leyne were with him... The 
following day he saw Mr.Leyne, Mr. Meagher, Mr. O'Donoghue, 
Mr. O'Mahoney, and Mr. Hickie. He did not know Mr. O'Mahoney 
before. Believed he was a farmer. Had never seen Hickie 
before... Had heard before that Saturday that there were 
armed people going about the country. Had heard that Mr. 
O'Brien was in the field; had heard that he had been at 
Mullinahone and at Ballingarry... He did not think it odd 
that those persons should come to his house at 3 or 4 
o'clock in the morning, but he should not like it 
Mary Maher examined by Mr. Meahger - Knew Pat Hanrahan. Was 
at his house one day in July. Recollected some gentlemen. 
Heard there names were O'Donoghue, Leyne and Meagher.. Saw 
James Hanrahan in the kitchen when they were there. Was a 
servant at Hanrahan's, was bring clean linen to her bother 
who was also a servant there... Had heard of Meagher and the 
fine speeches he made. Had not read them, but had heard them 
read. Could make no mistake about the number of gentlemen, 
They were O'Donoghue, Meagher and Leyne. Not one came but 
those three and O'Mahoney. Did not see any gentleman of the 
name Hickie. There was a man named Hickie, but he was no 
gentleman. He slept that night in the dairymaid's bed, and 
left with Hanrahan's brother in the morning.
Joanna Kickham examined - lived at Glenview near 
Mullinahone. Her father was a farmer who kept a shop at 
Glenview.. She had an older sister and a brother not yet 15. 
Went to her uncle's that evening and saw a gentleman making 
a speech from a wall. Did not see O'Donoghue again that day.


Jan. 31, 1849 - Clonmel
"The flight of tenants and small farmers to America 
continues unabated, indeed it is on the increase...I an 
state the case of two respectable farmers, named John 
Magrath and Terence Carney, holding land at Rahan under a 
Mr. John I. Shee, of this town. They waited on him and gave 
up their holdings to go to America, where the poor man has 
some chance of being able to live. They were one year's rent 
in arrear, but Mr. Shee offered to leave them undisturbed 
possession if they would remain; they replied that it was of 
no use...

March 15, 1849
The CLONMEL CHRONICLE contains the following:
At two on Sunday as the judge was commencing to try the 
criminals with which our gaol is crowded, a murder was 
perpetrated close at hand. A poor old woman, Margaret Ryan 
was the victim, the object it appears, was a bag of meal in 
her possession... Constables Sullivan and Hillyard arrested 
a man named John Ryan (Jack) at Kilfeacle, the scene of the 
murder. The inquest was held by Mr. Thomas Chaytor.

April 9, 1849
The subjoined statement appears in the Tipperary Vindicator: 
- Seven hundred and thirty-one individuals, nearly the 
entire village of Toomevara, will be rendered houseless on 
the 18th of the present month, on which day, in pursuance of 
the ejectment notices long since served on them, their 
tenements, it is said, will be levelled to the ground - Mr. 
Massy Dawson, landlord. In the name of God, where are those 
wretched people to go to?

July 5, 1849
Cloghjordan, July 2 - VINDICATOR
Daniel Egan of Ballydonagh, a most respectable young man, 24 
years of age, was killed on his way to mass at Barna. He was 
in company with his father, mother and two sisters. It 
appears he stopped some few perches behind them on the 
"Mass-path" when he was shot. The reason assigned - his 
father is a middle landlord...
On Friday the 29th, the house of Mr. Michael Hawley, of 
Ballycapple, Poor Law Guardian, a most respectable farmer, 
was attacked by some ruffians who broke his windows and 
fired a shot through the door, his family was present at the 
time. Constable M'Loskey came running, but the midnight 
miscreants escaped. A notice was found posted to the door: 
"Michael Haly (sic) take warning by this admit Gordon no 
longer in your house or if you do I will come again and send 
you to hell, let Martin Flarty take the same warning. Thomas 
Holy (Hely?) let him take the same no more..." The person 
alluded to above is a teacher, a quiet, inoffensive man who 
Mr. Hawley and other neighbors have kept in their houses 
alternately for the last six years. On the same night the 
house of John Shoebottom, a respectable farmer, was visited 
by the same gang, who fired a shot and posted a notice, 
nearly verbatim with the above. It is but a fortnight since 
Mr. Shoebottom had his windows broken and a shot fired, the 
ball passing within a few inches of Mrs. Shoebottom.
On Friday the 29th ult., Michael Rahilly was killed by a 
gunshot wound, inflicted by Richard Tobin a caretaker 
employed by Simon Lowe, justice of the peace. Tobin was 
taken into custody by the Spring-hill police. An inquest was 
held by Captain Bradshaw. Tobin has been committed for trial 
for manslaughter at the next Clonmel assizes.

July 16, 1849
I appears that no less than 236 ejectment decrees were 
obtained against tenants at the present Quarter Session of 
Nenagh. Among the ejectors were the names of Lord 
Bloomfield, the Rev. Massy Dawson, Lord Dunally, W. B., 
Armstrong, R. M. Carden, the Earl of Charleville, Viscount 
Chabot, R. Gasson, B., Hawkshaw, T. H. Harden, A. F. 
Maxwell, the Earl of Orkney, J. Dwyer, S. O'Brien, T. P. 
Lloyd, G. Roe, the Hon. O.F.G. Toler, J. Maher, W. H. B. 
Waller and J. J. Willington.

Aug 27, 1849
A deep laid and dangerous conspiracy has been providentially 
detected in the county prison of Nenagh... A convict named 
Hogan was an inmate at the gaol hospital though not 
recovered had himself removed to the prison. A nurse 
overheard a conversation... some plot was brewing. An 
investigation was held by Mr. Rock, the govenor, and Mr. 
Abbot. A conspiracy to attempt an outbreak was uncovered. 
Conspirators names are - Timothy Silk, Thomas Hogan, Thomas 
Kelly, John M'Loughlin alias Gaffney, Daniel Tierney, 
Michael Fennelly, William Glasgow and John Flanagan. They 
were separated and put in close confinement. Kelly and 
Flanagan have since confessed all. The turnkey Robinson was 
to have been seized, Jordan, a convict, was to overpower the 
turnkey, Whittaker. A letter was to be sent by Kelly to some 
of the convicts' friends to assist in the escape. The books 
and records of the gaol, kept in Mr. Beattie's office 
(deputy-governor) were to be destroyed. It appears that Ryan 
(Molly), to whom the letter was entrusted did not succeed in 
conveying it outside the walls. The men were convinced that 
the whole thing was blown and Ryan threw the letter in the 

Sept. 7, 1849
New Agrarian Movement -
The papers received this morning afford evidence of the 
existence of a rather perplexing conspiracy among the 
tenantry, to avail themselves of a defect in an act of 
Parliament which permits holders of land to carry off crops 
on a Sunday, without let or hindrance, and notwithstanding 
that they may be at the time in arrears to the landlord. 
From the NENAGH GUARDIAN: - On Sunday the 26th ult., Daniel 
Durick and 20 men assembled on the lands of Garrykennedy and 
cut down and carried away two acres of wheat which were 
growing on the lands of Dr. O'Brien, to whom Durick is a 
tenant and owes three years' rent. Dr. O'Brien, on hearing 
of this, sent men in pursuit of the crops which were about 
to be conveyed in boats across the Shannon to Galway. The 
corn was retrieved. Durick and his wife summoned three of 
Dr. O'Brien's men to the Nenagh Petty Sessions on Monday for 
assault.... On Sunday the 2d, a party of about 100 
congregated on the lands of Clonmore, property of Richard 
Lidwell, Esq. and having cut down a large quantity of corn 
on a farm held by a defaulting tenant, W. Fitzpatrick. The 
police rescued the corn.
Also on Sunday, 400 men went on the lands of Killmakill, 
near Thurles cut and carried away some wheat that had been 
sold at auction the preceding Saturday, by a middleman, 
Counsellor Manning. The tenantry and Mr. Manning are not on 
good terms. On this property of Kilmakill, a murder was 
committed about two years ago, by a family the name of 
Connelly. Two brothers were hanged for that murder, their 
mother and another brother were transported.
On Sunday last 50 men headed by a young man named Kennedy, 
came to the lands of Ballymackey and cut down an acre and a 
half of wheat, property of Henry Cole Bowen. Denis 
Loughnane, bailiff to Mr. Bowen attempted to rescue the 
crop. Conflict ensued, missiles thrown, reaping hooks 
brandished... A man named Mullempy was injured. Kennedy 
succeeded in carrying away some of the crop. It appears 
Kennedy's father was evicted from the land for non-payment 
of rent and died a few weeks ago. His son claimed the crop 
in consequence of his father having sown it.

Sept. 13, 1849
On Sunday a large party collected on the lands of Doonane, 
near Bushfield, and cut down, dug, and carried away all the 
corn and potatoes upon a farm lately held by a person named 
Magrath. Mr. Willington, of Castle Willington is agent over 
the lands. VINDICATOR

Oct. 16, 1849
On Sunday last a large party of men collected on the lands 
of Cullihill and cut down two acres of corn which had been 
sown by a man named Duan. NENAGH GUARDIAN.

Oct. 26, 1849
It is stated that several of the Count de Chabot's Tipperary 
tenantry have voluntarily surrendered their land and 
emigrated.... Now what is the state of our Tipperary gentry? 
Greenane-house is no longer the residence of a Manseragh... 
Lisheen-house, mouldering to decay. Clune-house, Bansha no 
longer recognizes the claims of a M'Carthy. Moore's Forth, 
residence of the late Crosby Moore, will ere long become a 
workhouse. Goldenville, the residence of Henry White, no 
longer receives the elite of the county. The extensive 
stores of the late Maurice O'Brien, in the Main-street are 
occupied by the wretched and the outcast. Nelson-street 
presents the appearance of a monster poor-house. The 
Bradshaws and Bakers have sought the situation of poor-rate 
collectors and obtained it. LIMERICK EXAMINER


Sept. 2, 1856
The Mutiny at Nenagh (from the Nenagh Guardian)
.... On Saturday upwards of 80 of the Tipperary light 
Infantry were marched up Summer-hill Barracks from the 
county gaol where they had been confined on a charge of 
1st Case - Private Patrick Thumpane, charged with having at 
Nenagh on the 8th of July taken part in the mutiny of the 
Tipperary Light Infantry by discharging a loaded firelock 
into the Barrack-square in which Her Majesty's troops were 
drawn up. Guilty to be transported for life. - Approved.
2nd Case - Private Thomas Gleeson - Charged with mutinous 
conduct.. Convicted and to be transported for life. Approved
3d Case - Thomas Devereux charged with mutinous conduct... 
and assaulting Colour-Sergeant Henry Cole.. Guilty and to be 
transported for life. Approved.
4th Case - Private Thomas Cawley for having taken part in 
the mutiny... Found guilty and sentenced to be transported 
for life.
5th Case - Private Stephen Skelton Charged with mutionous 
conduct and failure to obey his superior officer, Lieutenant 
Ralph Hall Bunbury... Convicted and sentenced to be 
transported for 21 years.
6th Case - Private Patrick Nolan, for mutinous conduct. 
Guilty. To be transported for 21 years.
7th Case- Private Henry Bennett, charged with having taken 
part in the mutiny. Guilty sentenced to 14 years' 
transportation. 8th Case - Private Thomas Fleming, found 
guilty of a similar charge. Sentenced to 14 years 
9th Case - Private Andrew Burke Acquitted of inciting 
mutiny. 10th Case - Private Patrick Maher, charged with 
firing on Her Majesty's troops. To be imprisoned for two 
years and kept at hard labour.
Major General Chatterton said that they had all seen what 
those acts of mutiny had brought down upon the head of their 
comrades.... Major Foster then read the Lord-Lieutenant's 
letter commuting ... the sentence of death passed on Pvt. 
Patrick Burns for the murder of Private Curley 41st 
Regiment, to transportation for life. Also reduced in the 
cases of Thumpane, Gleeson, Deveraux and Cawley the sentence 
of transportation for life to 10 years' penal servitude. 
Privates Skelton and Nolan commuted to six years penal 
servitude and Bennett and Fleming to four years penal 

Oct. 2, 1856
The TIPPERARY FREE PRESS of yesterday contains the subjoined 
account of a murder committed at the District Lunatic Asylum 
in Clonmel - "On Saturday night, a number of ruffians 
crossed the Asylum wall for the purpose of plunder. The 
watchdog gave the alarm. The watchman, named Ryan, 
immediately challenged them and put up a gallant defense. 
The wounds inflicted on some of the scoundrels by Ryan, led 
to the apprehension of the entire gang by Constable Goulden, 
of the Irishtown police... Ryan died last evening, Dr. Sheil 
held the inquest. Arrested were James Conway, Daniel Lynch, 
Michael Shea, Michael Hughes, Catherine Hughes and John 
Sullivan in the lodging-house of Daniel Murphy, Irishtown. 
They were brought for examination before G. J. Goold, R.M.

March 20, 1858

Tipperary - SAUNDERS of this morning contains the annexed 
communication dated Parsonstown Thursday evening. - "It 
appears that for some years past a young man named Timothy 
Cullinan, who has been but a few weeks married, has been at 
variance with parties named 'the Nowlans and Gibsons,' but 
each succeeding return of the anniversary of the patron 
saint was always selected by them as an appropriate day for 
a general engagement. Cullinan, dreading an onslaught did 
not come into town yesterday but his opponents attended mass 
at the Roman Catholic chapel, they then refreshed themselves 
at several public houses and had some altercations. They 
however, got home, all of them more or less excited from the 
drink... Cullinan left his house that evening and was 
attacked while passing the residences of his opponents. He 
was attended by Dr. Wallace, but died shortly after. Police 
at the Annagh station arrested four men, Francis Gibson, Pat 
Nowlan, William Collings, and Roger Sheedy. Mr. Thomas 
Brereton, R.M. visited the scene. A dispatch was sent to 
Nenagh requiring the attendance of Mr. Abbott, coroner of 
the Northern division of Tipperary."

Sept 20, 1865
In Tipperary also, Fenianism appears to be creating some 
interest. A magisterial investigation was held at Nenagh, at 
which a man named Daniel Connell was brought up for 
examination. After a search warrant had been issued, Mr. 
Reamsbottom found a book and some papers and documents that 
he forwarded to the Castle. The prisoner is unmarried and 
the second son of Widow Connell and well to do, being 
possessed of 120 acres under Capt. Massey Dawson... When the 
case was called, Mr. Bolton read the information sworn by 
Head Constable Harrison, who stated that persons were in the 
habit of assembling in a filed at Toomevara at night... The 
following song was found in the possession of the prisoner:

The Green Flag Flying Over Us
"Prepare, prepare, with silent care,
And trust to words no longer,
We've had enough of such false stuff;
And find we are not the stronger,
Those mountebanks who fill the ranks
Hy(?) lying all in thorns.
Of thim beware and still prepare,
With the green flag flying over us..."

Feb. 19, 1866 (From our Correspondent)
.... In reference to the Clonmel prisoners, who are at 
present in Kilmainham Gaol and who were to have been brought 
up to-day, Mr. George Bolton, sessional Crown prosecutor for 
that county, made the following information before the 
presiding magistrate -
"On the 2d of February inst. I received instructions to 
assist Samuel Hanna, Esq., R.M. Carrick on Suir, in 
investigating charges against several persons of that place 
being members of the Fenian conspiracy... directly 
implicating, Richard Hoare, Philip Morrissey, William Maher, 
John Daniel, William Dobbyn, William Ryan, John Maher, 
Colour Seargent Macarthy, Pvt. Keily, Timothy Mackese, 
Private Burke, and Corporal Brennan, all of who are now 
confined in Kilmainham prison as being members of the Fenian 

February 24, 1866 - Fenian Arrests -
On Tuesday morning John O'Kavanagh, a shopkeeper and an 
elderly man, by repute one of the leaders of the Fenian 
movement; Edward O'Kavanagh, his son; David Slattery, of 
Kerrickbeg; John Kent, Ballylinch; John Wall, Ballyrichard; 
Michael M'Namara Dooley, Waterford; Edward O'Fogarty, 
Ballyrichard; and Cornelius O'Leary, of Carrick were 
arrested by Mr. M'Loughlin, S.I. of Carrick-on-Suir. 
M'Namara Dooley and Leary are late arrivals from America, 
and where they served in the US army. O'Kavanagh, the elder, 
it is stated, carried The Fenian flag at the Carrick 
regatta. June 5, 1867

It appears that a considerable number of the Tipperary 
"boys" who were out on Shrove Tuesday night have managed to 
evade the vigilance of the police ever since. But find that 
sort of life intolerable and being reduced almost to a state 
of starvation, about 20 of them came to the police barrack 
at Thurles on Monday and gave themselves up to Sub-Inspector 
Mularkey. They were removed to Templemore, where Mr. Gore 
Jones, R.N. accepted bail for 14 of the prisoners. One 
Stapleton, having been with the party which destroyed the 
Roskeen barracks and killed the boy Tracey, was detained. 
Some, it is believed, will never voluntarily give themselves 
up. Of these is Captain Joseph Gleeson, who would be put on 
trial for high treason and murder, and one or two other 
"captains," whose offences are of a dark complexion.