Galway - Newspaper Items - Clanricarde *********************************************** Ireland Genealogy Projects Archives Galway Index Copyright ************************************************ File contributed by: C.J.L. NEWSPAPER ITEMS - CLANRICARDE, COUNTY GALWAY, IRELAND Freeborn County Standard Albert Lea, Minnesota July 20, 1882 AN IRISH LANDLORD Something About the Marquis of Clanricarde and His Irish Estates. Most Irishmen who know anything of the personal character of the Marquis of Clanricarde will regret that if there was to be a murder like that of Thursday week the victim should not have been the landlord himself rather than his old agent and his bailiff. Lord Clanricarde is the only surviving descendant of the great orator, George Canning, Pitt's protege who married one of the three daughters of the famous gambling Scotchman, general John Scott, who pursued a regime of perfect abstinence from drink in order that he might fleece the less temperate players of that generation. General Scott accumulated a fortune large enough to give each of his daughters a million sterling, and as Canning was penniless, his marriage set him on his feet at once. Another daughter of General Scott married the Duke of Portland, father of the late eccentric bearer of title and joined her family name with that of the Bentincks, and the third heiress was captured by the Earl of Moray. George Canning's only daughter inherited all the immense fortune of her mother on the death of her brother, Viscount Canning, in 1862. She had married the father of the present Lord Clanricarde and her brother's private estate went to her second son, who, on the death of his older brother, about eight years ago, came into the title and estates. The family name of the Clanricardes is De Burgh, to which Canning was added on the marriage with the heiress. The estates lie in Galway and the seat is Portumna Castle, which exists only in name; having been long ago destroyed by fire. The father of the present Marquis planned and began the construction of a new house, and meanwhile fitted up his residence over the extensive stables, which were the pride of the West country huntsman. But when the present Marquis succeeded to the estates he decided to return from Paris, where he passes most of his time in a life of elegant bachelor loafing, and he has allowed the immense Irish estates to go practically to waste in the hands of agents and factors, whose orders have been to make the rents as large as possible. The marquis of Clanricarde has no personal interest in the Irish estates beyond the revenues, and his perpetual absence and indifference have brought the dissatisfaction of the men of Galway to the point of violent resistance to his orders. He is probably one of the worst cases of absentee landlordism in Ireland, and the evicted farmers would certainly never have murdered his agents if they could have got a shot at the Marquis himself. A man who would refuse, as he did, to make any abatements on rent in the famine year of 1870 has very little occasion to show himself in Galway in the present condition of affairs. Waukesha Freeman Waukesha, Wisconsin Sep 2, 1886 On the Clanricarde estate, in county Galway, Ireland, several hundred policemen and extra bailiffs evicted a tenant named Saunders, who had held his house with the aid of twenty armed neighbors and cauldrons of boiling water. Monday Oregonian Portland, Oregon Nov 11, 1886 INCONSISTENT LAND LEAGUERS. New York, Nov. 10- The Sun's London correspondent cables: Measures are being taken to bring to the notice of Parnell the arbitrary conduct of certain members of his party owning land, which is fast becoming a crying scandal. The chief offenders are Sir Joseph Neale McKenna, member for South Monaghan, and William J. Corbett, member of the east division of county Wicklow, although there are others whose conduct is equally questionable, among the scores of petty landlords who have joined the national league as a means of escaping the results of tyranny. McKenna evicted several of his tenants a few months ago, and Corbett is now serving writs by wholesale, evidently under the impression that it is only necessary to become a member of the league to obtain full rents. Corbett refused to make the slightest reduction of judicial rents, although even the Marquis of Clanricarde from whom nothing of the kind was expected, has recently made concessions of his tenants. Chester Times Chester, Pennsylvania Nov 22, 1886 BATONS AND BAYONETS Irish Tenants and Police Officers Come Together LONDON, Nov. 23- For the first time since Gladstone's defeat an eviction affray has terminated in a violent attack by the police on the people. It occurred at Listowel,county Kerry. Some bailiffs seized a number of cattle in an action for rent and a fight ensued. The police went to the assistance of the bailiffs, and with batons and bayonets succeeded eventually in dispersing the mob after wounding several of its members. This unfortunate affair, following so quickly on the heels of Sir Robert Hamilton's dismissal, will naturally be associated in the public mind with the inauguration of the new Tory regime. Mr. Morley is going to speak next week on the Irish question. It is confidently expected that he will make a strong speech in favor of home rule and against concessions or compromises with the Unionists involving sacrifice of principles. He will review the attitude of the government and the speeches of Lord Salisbury and Lord Churchill in connection with the coercion, and announce the firm intention of the Liberal leaders to resist by all the means in their power any steps the ministry may propose in the direction of a coercive policy. He will on the same occasion expose the true state of affairs between the tenants and the landlords on the Clanricarde estates and denounce the conduct of the latter and hold him responsible for the difficulties that have arisen in that part of the country. This speech will give an immense impetus to the anti-eviction movement in Ireland and do much to enlighten English and Scotch opinion as to the true nature of the struggle now going on across the channel between the owners and occupiers of the land. In the meantime proofs thicken that the government has gone in head foremost for what is termed vigorous action. That the attack of the police on the people at the eviction affray above referred to is one of the first fruits of that resolution no observer of political movements here could for a moment doubt. Trenton Times Trenton, New Jersey Dec 17, 1886 MR DILLON ARRESTED. The Anti-Rent Agitators Taken in by the Police. DUBLIN, Dec. 17- Mr. John Dillon and Mr. William O'Brien attended an immense National League demonstration at Loughrea yesterday which was presided over by Father Cunningham. A large number of clergymen, together with Commoners Harris and Sheehy, occupied seats on the platform, and a numerous contingent of tenants from the estates of Lord Clanricarde were present among the audience. Messrs. Dillon and O'Brien addressed the meeting eloquently and at great length, and at the conclusion of the speeches the two gentlemen opened rent offices for the collection of rents under the league's "plan of campaign". Hundreds of tenants came forward and paid the sums they were willing or able to pay, when suddenly a strong force of police, headed by Inspector Davies, burst into one of the offices, seized the money, books, and papers and arrested Mr. Dillon who was in charge. Mr. Dillon remonstrated with Inspector Davies and was assaulted and roughly handled by the police, unrestrained by the inspector. The police then proceeded upstairs to the office occupied by Mr. O'Brien, arrested that gentleman, and seized his books, papers, money, etc. Having secured the principals, the inspector sent a squad of police to arrest Messrs. Harris and Sheehy, and the four prisoners were arraigned before a magistrate and charged with conspiring to induce tenants to abstain from paying the rents they were lawfully bound to pay, which charge is included in the general one of conspiracy to defraud. The prisoners were remanded for one week. When the police arrived Mr. Dillon had collected $100 and Mr. O'Brien about $350. Elyria Daily Telephone Elyria, Ohio Feb. 22, 1887 The agent in charge of Lord Clanricarde's Irish estate has resigned. A bailiff named Murphy was shot dead in Killarney, Ireland, the other day. Mr. Dunne, magistrate for County Clare, Ireland, has been superceded by the executive for supporting the National League's plan of campaign. Archbishop Walsh of Dublin has donated £10 to the traversers' indemnity fund. In the letter accompanying the donation he expresses sympathy for the traversers, who he says, are denied a fair trial by jury packing. Newark Daily Advocate Newark, Ohio Jan 9, 1888 LONDON, January 9- Mr. J.G. Shaw Lefevre, Liberal member for Bradford, addressed a large meeting at Portumna and another and still larger gathering at Ballinaslee taking for his subject in both cases the conviction of Mr. Wilfred Blunt. The manner of his conviction, Mr. Lefevre declared, was simply outrageous. The charge made against him in the county Court was entirely different from the one made at the time of his arrest and preliminary hearing, showing conclusively that his prosecutors did not regard the case against Mr. Blunt as warranting conviction, but being determined to imprison him, had falsified the records and imposed upon the court. Why, Mr. Lefevre asked, should Mr. Blunt have been selected for conviction while others against whom similar charges were or could have been brought were allowed to go free? The wrongs to which tenantry of Ireland had been subjected for the last two years, he declared, were directly traceable to Lord Clanricarde and he was surprised in view of recent disclosures affecting Lord Clanricarde and others connected with the not very remote administration of Government in Ireland that the Government should have persisted in the prosecution of Mr. Blunt. No attempt was made to prevent Mr. Lefevre from speaking and the crowds he addressed were remarkably orderly. Newark Daily Advocate Newark, Ohio Jan 29, 1888 Michael Davitt's Advice. DUBLIN, Jan. 30- Michael Davitt, speaking at Rathkeale Sunday, advised the tenants of Lord Guillamore not to accept the offer made to them to purchase their farms, because heavy burdens would soon accrue and mortgages would turn their farms over again to other hands, and also because Lord Guillamore had evicted two tenants from his estate. Musicians Arrested. DUBLIN, Jan. 30- Yesterday at Galway, as some musicians were returning from serenading the bishop at his house, the police seized their instruments and arrested the musicians. There is intense excitement over this matter. Decatur Daily Republican Decatur, Illinois Feb 24, 1888 When Ireland Will Have Home Rule LONDON, Feb. 24- Lord Randolph Churchill, in his address to the Oxford Union Society, Wednesday, said that if he were asked if home rule would ever be granted to Ireland, he would answer yes, but the he would not tell the time when this would happen. He could only indicate the epoch. When England had ceased to be a nation of wealth; when her manufacturers and her commerce had departed, and when manly resolution and dogged determination no longer remained, and when the memory of the past was forgotten, then, and then only would home rule be granted to Ireland. Lord Randolph's whole address of last evening seems to have been especially severe in its strictures upon the Irish party and the plans of the Gladstonians in general. It looks very much as one of the Liberal journals remarks, that it must be a decidedly wavering cause that necessitates such language toward its opponents from one of its leaders. The speech is, however, not considered as an important utterance, although Mr. John Morley will shortly reply to Lord Randolph and tone down some of the fiercest parts of the harangue. SURRENDERED TO HIS TENANTS. Sir H. Burke, who owns estates at Woodford, has surrendered to the plan offered by his tenants and settlements have been made in accordance with it to the satisfaction of all. Only Lord Clanricarde and Mrs. Lewis now hold out in that district against their tenants. ABSOLUTE CRUELTY. An exhibition of the absolute cruelty of the present rule in Ireland was afforded Wednesday in the adjoining towns of Milltown and Millbay, over in County Clare. A number of people of the neighboring parishes attempted to distribute two hundred and sixty car-loads of turf and the same amount of potatoes among the families of eleven men, who are at present serving terms of imprisonment, having been sentenced for alleged crimes against the coercion law. The police, however, stopped the proceedings, and would not allow the humane work to continue. THE RENT QUESTION. LONDON, Feb. 24- In the House of Commons last evening, Mr. Shaw Lefevre moved as an amendment to the address in reply to the Queen's speech the necessity of a measure dealing with the arrears of excessive rents in Ireland. He accused Chief Irish Secretary Balfour of favoring landlords like Lord Clanricarde. Mr. Balfour, in reply, said that fair rents had been fixed by the tribunals since the act of 1881, and that it was unreasonable to demand that tenants be relieved of arrears arising under the terms so fixed. Mr. Shaw Lefevre responded that only about ten per cent of Lord Clanricarde's rents were equitably fixed. Mr. Timothy Healey and other Irish members spoke to the same subject. Decatur Daily Republican Decatur, Illinois March 22, 1888 MANIFESTLY A TRICK LONDON, March 22- The acceptance by the government of Mr. Howells Williams' amendment to Mr. Parnell's Arrears bill is manifestly a trick designed to soothe the consciences of the Unionists, relieve them of the necessity of stultifying themselves and prevent their possible desertion to the enemy. Whatever else may be said of the amendment, its downright dishonesty is the feature that first attracts attention. Its declaration that no arrears bill shall be satisfactory that shall not deal with tenants' debts to other creditors as well as to landlords is merely Mr. Chamberlain's old scheme revived, and this fact alone is sufficient guarantee of its insincerity. The divisions taken on both the amendment and the bill show the marvelous elasticity of the Unionist creed, and abundantly prove that the government does not intend to deal seriously with the question of arrears. The number of ejection notices now ready for service exceeds that of any period since the great famine, and they will now be served almost immediately. Lord Clanricarde has already resumed the service of these notices on his tenants, and the old scenes of strife between tenant and bailiff, police and people, will shortly become as common as they were a year ago. Freeborn County Standard Albert Lea, Minnesota Sep 12, 1888 On the 6th the houses formerly occupied by evicted tenants on the Clanricarde estates in Ireland were torn down by the landlord's orders. Some of the houses were owned by the tenants. Trenton Times Trenton, New Jersey January 8, 1889 WHOLESALE EVICTIONS War on Irish Tenants to be Resumed with Fury. LONDON, Jan. 8- It is announced that after the evictions at Falcarragh are completed the eviction brigades will turn their attention to the neighboring estates of Harpur Nixon and Mrs. Dalkey, both of which are in Father McFadden's parish. The evictions from the estate of the Draper's company will begin on Wednesday. Enormous pressure is being brought here to compel the purchase of the estate under the Ashbourne act, but the movement is being just as stoutly resisted. Lord Clanricarde intends to renew the evictions from his estate at as early a day as possible. The evictors, with the assistance of the magistrates, have resorted to a clever trick to effect an entrance into barricaded homes. The tenants occupying these houses are summoned to give evidence in star chamber proceedings. If they obey the summons they are kept waiting the whole day before being permitted to testify. If they return to give evidence they are imprisoned, so that in either case they are absent from their homes when bailiffs arrive. Mr. Balfour has given instruction that the coercion act must be carried out with the utmost vigor and his orders are being literally obeyed. It is expected that the military will be called upon to use their rifles in the endeavor to eject the Clanricarde tenants as all of the houses on that estate are strongly barricaded and the occupants armed. The assertion that the Dublin Invincibles will kill Balfour if they have an opportunity to do so appears to be based on something more tangible than mere idle rumor, and it is generally believed to be true. At any rate the Irish secretary believes it and has taken extraordinary precautions against the possibility of an assassination. Effort to release Harrington. LONDON, Jan. 8- An effort will be made in Dublin on Friday next to have Mr. Edward Harrington, who is undergoing a six months' sentence in Tullamore jail, brought into court a writ of habeas corpus and released. They Scorned the Summonses. DUBLIN, Jan. 8- Commoners John O'Connor and Dr. Tanner were served with summonses to appear at court at Tipperary. Both tossed the writs into the street and neither will appear. Twenty Tenants Arrested. DUBLIN, Jan. 8- Great excitement has been caused by the arrest of twenty tenants on the Vandeleur estates at Kilrush, for barricading their houses against evictors. Newark Daily Advocate Newark, Ohio Jan 11, 1889 A WONDERFUL IRISH SCENE A curious and interesting scene was enacted over in Ireland yesterday. Loughrea was the place where the spectacle occurred. After the court had adjourned a sitting in which a number of Clanricarde rental cases had been under consideration, a hundred or more Nationalists headed by a band, paraded the streets, led by a convert from the enemy's side. The convert was one of her Majesty's policemen in full uniform. During lulls in the music this enthusiastic proselyte would address the crowd, asserting that the police were heartily sick of the degrading work which they called upon to perform in Ireland. He said that there were many, who, like himself, would be only too glad to abandon the whole business. WARMED UP THE BOYS. After finishing one of these addresses, he called for three cheers for Dillon and O'Brien, but this juncture was an unlucky one in his new career, for at that moment the head constable, with a body of police, swooped down upon the crowd and capturing the rebellious constable, marched him off to the barracks under arrest. Newark Daily Advocate Newark, Ohio April 8, 1892 Cruel Mode of Revenge. DUBLIN, April 8- Some unknown persons took cruel revenge on a police pensioner who occupied a farm on the Clanricarde estate, from which the previous tenant had been evicted, by breaking the legs of forty ewes. Many of the ewes had lambs dependent for sustenance on the mothers. Washington Post Washington, D.C. June 22, 1906 PICTURESQUE AND HATED MARQUIS Evictions at Loughrea, in which the permanent under secretary for Ireland, Sir Anthony MacDonnell, endeavored in vain to act the role of peacemaker and to intercede in behalf of the tenants, traveled all the way from Dublin to Galway for the purpose, have had the effect of once more drawing the attention to the Marquis of Clanricarde, a peer whose name is execrated throughout the Emerald Isle, and quite the reverse of popular in the United Kingdom. Few people know him personally, and yet there is no member of the House of Lords who has been frequently before the public. Half the agrarian crimes in Ireland during the past three decades have been due to his merciless and relentless cruelty toward his tenantry on his vast estates in Ireland. Hundreds of thousands of dollars-probably millions- have been spent by the government in executing the decrees of eviction which he obtained from the courts against his tenants for nonpayment of rent. No one more deaf to appeals for mercy, to every sentiment of generosity, and to pity for suffering than this grandson of the great and illustrious English statesman, George Canning. The latter, the son of an actress, died as prime minister of Great Britain, his end being hastened by the bitterness of his fight for the fundamental principle of his political creed, namely, the freedom of the Commons and of the people from the dictation of aristocracy, both Tory and Whig. Lord Clanricarde, the son of his only daughter and heiress, disregarding the obligations of his political inheritance, has identified himself with every reactionary onslaught made by the nobility against the Commons and the people at large. Afraid to Show His Face. Of course, the marquis is an absentee landlord. He would not dare to show his face in Ireland, for fear of being murdered by those whom he has driven to desperation by destroying the homes which have been theirs for generations, and Portumna Castle, his place in Galway, remains closed from one year's end to the other, the marquis contenting himself with a dingy set of chambers in the Albany, off Piccadilly, where he lives all the year round, except for mysterious periodical trips to Paris. He lives a solitary life, and at the Reform Club, to which he belongs, does not associate with the other members, keeping to himself. Of course, all sorts of stories, some of them not of a particularly pleasant character, have been current concerning him, and it is to this quite as much as to his reserve and taciturnity that is due the chilling attitude, mingled with unfriendly curiosity, of his brother legislators on the rare occasions when he rises to address them in the House of Lords. His appearance is as little calculated to arouse good will as his manner and reputation, and his thin lips, scanty gray whiskers, thin, aquiline nose, parchment-like cheeks, and peculiarly- arranged hair, are quite in keeping with his hard, harsh, voice and his appallingly egotistical utterances. He has but one fad, namely, skating, a pastime in which he still excels, in spite of his seventy-three years. He presents an extraordinary appearance on the ice at the rinks in London. His costume on these occasions consists invariably of dark-blue cloth trousers, with a broad stripe of black braid up the side, three or four Cardigan knitted jackets of undetermined hue and great age, over which is worn a remarkably short tweed jacket, made of an extraordinarily loose cut, to give room to the layers of knitted waistcoats underneath. His hat is a genuine old-fashioned "stovepipe" of ancient vintage, perfectly flat in the brim, and perfectly straight up and down from the crown. He speaks to no one on the ice, being wholly absorbed by the work of cutting figures and letters with his skates. A CHANCE FOR A BURKE. In reply to an inquiry which reaches me from St. Louis, asking who will succeed to the peerages, the titles, and the estates of Lord Clanricarde, I may state that the marquis of Clanricarde will die with the present peer, the earldom of Clanricarde and the entailed estates passing to his cousin, the Marquis of Sligo, who is a frequent visitor to this country. It is possible, however, that this succession may be contested, as the descendants of the Hon. Edmund de Burgh, or Burke, fifth son of the third earl, who died in the middle of the seventeenth century, have a prior claim upon the earldom and estates if there are any such descendants in existence. Hence, everyone bearing the name of Burke, that being the modern corruption of Burgh, will do well to find out whether or not he can trace his descent to this Edmund de Burgh, who married Catherine, daughter of Thomas St. Lawrence, of County Tipperary, lived at Kilcornan, County Galway, and died June 22, 1639. Any one tracing his descent from him, will stand a fair chance on the death of the old Marquis of Clanricarde, of finding himself Earl of Clanricarde, and owner of estates of some 60,000 acres in area, and yielding a revenue of about $250,000. Washington Post Washington D.C. August 21, 1915 MARQUIS OF CLANRICARDE COMPROMISES. After litigation extending over some four or five years the legal proceedings in connection with the expropriation of the octogenarian Marquis of Clanricarde through compulsory sale from his estates in County Galway to his tenants, have been brought to a close by means of a compromise according to the terms of which he is to receive $1,200,000 for the property. This is not a large sum considering that the estates were formerly rated as yielding a rental of near $100,000 per annum. But of course the fact that Lord Clanricarde is 84 years of age and has no direct heir will have been taken into consideration by him in consenting to accept this sum. HE LIVES LIFE OF A HERMIT. Few people know Lord Clarnricarde personally. He lives the life of a hermit in London in a dingy set of chambers in the Albany, off Piccadilly, and never goes out into society. Yet there is no member of the House of Lords whose name has been so frequently before the public. Half the agrarian crimes in Ireland during the past four decades have been due to his merciless and relentless cruelty toward the tenantry on his extensive estates on the Emerald Isle. Hundreds of thousands of dollars-probably millions- have been spent by the government in executing the decrees of eviction which he obtained from the courts against his tenants for the nonpayment of rent. No one is more deaf to appeals for mercy or to every sentiment of generosity and to pity for suffering than this grandson of the great and illustrious English statesman, George Canning.