Carlow County - Ireland Genealogical Projects (IGP TM)

Printing in Carlow
By Brian W. Keogh

This article appeared in the 1994/1995 edition of “Carloviana” Journal of the Old Carlow Society, and is transcribed as is. (Images added by M. Brennan c2006)

The following listing of Printings at Carlow 1770-1990 is not intended to be definitive, rather it invites readers to participate by reporting printings not included. Readers should note that their input towards adding to the listings will be regarded as invaluable, the addition of just one extra printing will serve future readers researching this subject well.

The Franklin Common Press c.1720 
Franklin Common Press c.1720
The Ramage Foolscap c.1820
Ramage Foolscap c.1820
The Albion/Foolscap c.1822
Albion/Foolscap c.1822
Click to enlarge all images
Printers of the period as displayed on the Briar Press website
One of the preferred sources was type designed by William Caslon.
Shown here is a specimen sheet of Caslon types from 1785.

From: Printing in Colonial Maryland

It is not known exactly when the printing press was established in this town. It is hoped to show later, that it was early in 1770, when the “Carlow Journal” was founded by William Kinnier, Kinneir or Kinnear, as it was variously spelled.

It is known from an entry in the “Cork Hibernian Chronicle” of 22nd November 1772, that he was then a printer in Carlow, and presumably prosperous enough to marry Miss Mary Gilbert, of Clones, Co. Wexford. The first item known bearing the imprint “At his Printing Office, Dublin Street”, is “A Short Treatise upon the Linen Manufacture of Ireland” l2mo., iii+9pp, dated 1778, in the National Library. Wilson’s “Collection of Resolutions of the Volunteers” quotes under the date March 1782, resolutions from the “Carlow Journal” and “Carlow Evening Post.” No copy of the latter is known.

The National Library had a copy of “Kinnier’s Carlow Journal or Leinster Chronicle” for Saturday 27th March 1784. It consists of four pages of four columns each and is numbered Volume XIV., No. 13. Thus calculating back, allowing one issue per week, it could be reasonably concluded that the first issue was published in 1770.The same is confirmed by another issue in the same library for Saturday 12th February 1785, and is Volume XV., No. 7. Cotton states that it “was published for some years prior to 1786, when its printer, William Kinnear, died”; which infers that the “Journal” died with him.

Continued the business

Lucas’s “General Directory of Ireland” lists his widow, Mary Kinnier, continuing the business at the old address in 1788. Cotton also states: “It (the Journal) was succeeded by the Carlow Mercury, printed by Eustace in 1789 etc;”. There was a copy of the “Carlow Mercury or Leinster Advertiser” in the National Library, being Volume 1, No. 7, from Saturday 25th October to Wednesday 29th October, a bi-weekly, exactly the same size, printed by Eustace and Lord, price two and a half pence (2½d). The year 1788 is not given in the date, but it occurs several times throughout the paper.

In 1791 another printer, G. Cooke, established in Tullow Street, printing the Co. Kildare “Presentments, Lent Assizes”, 12mo; t.p+26pp, (National Library). He also printed the “Presentments” for the Lent Assizes, 1795, 4to; 20pp., which is in the Haliday Collection.

In 1919 a Mr. M. C. Douglas, of Carlow was reported to have a facsimile of a “Recruiting Notice for the Carlow Melitia”, printed by Cooke about 1792. On the 4th March William Moore gave his bond to the Crown as printer of a paper, “The Carlow Packet.” A copy is not known to have survived. His name and address, Tullow Street is imprinted on a “Notice Relating to Arms,” 1798 and on a topical pamphlet of the same period, “The Times; or a Simple Conversation between Win. Goodman and Patrick Murphy, two poor farming men in Co. Wexford,” l2pp embellished with a crude woodcut at the end priced two and a half pence (2½d). A copy is in the National Library.

The National Library also contains two large broadsheets printed by Cooke, living at the Market Cross, headed, “Abstracts of Certain Acts of Parliament for the Preservation of the Peace”, 1797, and a copy of the “Presentments for the Summer Assizes, Co. Carlow”, 1800, 4to., l2pp.

Although there are in all probability other examples of 18th century Carlow printings in private or public collections, the above would appear to be the sum total extant committed to print to date. Hopefully this article will prompt readers to search their collections for additional material and commit same to the writer or the editor for inclusion in the next issue.

Printing at Carlow 1800-1825:

1800 “Presentments, Co. Carlow, Lent Assizes” 4to., 2Opp., G. Cooke, Market Cross (Nat. Lib.)

1802 “Presentments, Co. Carlow Lent Assizes”17th April, 4to., 2Opp., G. Cooke, Market Cross (Nat. Lib.)

1805 “Presentments, Co. Carlow Spring Assizes” 18th April, 4to., 2Opp., G. Cooke, Market Cross (Nat. Lib.)

1805 “Presentments, Co. Carlow Summer Assizes” 20th August, 4 to., l2pp.

Note: The last two have no imprint although in form, type and paper are identical with the others printed by Cooke. In the latter there is mention of Win. Moore, printer, who was paid £7. 7s. 10d. for “County Printing.”

1812 “Presentments, Co. Carlow, Spring Assizes” 24th March 4to., 28pp + wrappers, Win. Moore (Nat. Lib.)

Note: Daniel Cooke is mentioned as being paid £22 2s 2d for printing 106 Books of Schedules of affidavits for Presentments, and £5 for printing Respited Presentments.

1813 “Abstract of Presentments, Co. Wicklow Summer Assizes” 24th August 12x7, not paged, Cooke, Printer, Centaur Street.

1815 “Hanover Park Asylum for the Recovery of Persons labouring under Mental Derangement” 8vo Rd. Price.

1817 “The Carlow Morning Post”, 4th November, (Richard Price gives his Crown Bond this date).

1818 “Rules of the St. Patrick Society”, 12 mo (O’Daly Catalogue No. 21).

1818 “The Carlow Morning Post”, (Vide Carrick’s Morning Post, 27th November 1818).

1820 “The State of the Poor of Ireland briefly considered”, 8vo., 46pp, Richard Price, Dublin Street.

1821 “Report of the Institutions for the Lent of 1821”, Rt. Rev. Jas. Doyle, D.D., (R. Price at The Morning Post office), 8vo., 68pp, (Nat. (Lib.)

1822 “Letter of J.K.L. to His Grace Dr. Magee, Protestant Archbishop of Dublin”, l2mo., l2pp (R. Price) (British Museum).

1882 “The Medical Mentor and New Guide to Fashionable Watering places”, F. F. Haydn, 8vo., 100pp, R. Price, (Nat. Lib.)

1823 “Queen’s Co. Presentments, Lent Assizes” 1823, 8vo., 46pp, R. Price, (Nat. Lib.)

1823 “The Miracle, Etc.,” Most Rev. Dr. Doyle. 1823 “Queen’s Co. Presentments, Summer Assizes, 1823”, 8vo., 44pp. R. Price, (Nat. Lib.)

1824 “The Carlow Morning Post”, Bi-Weekly, Monday and Thursday, Richard Price, (Pigot’s Directory).

1824 “Letters to Laelius on Various Topics connected with the present situation in Ireland” 8vo., 62pp, R. Price.

1825 “Pastorial Instructions for the Lent of 1825” Most Rev. Dr. Doyle, l2mo., 20pp, R. Price (British Museum).

The History of Irish Printing Website

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