From 1856 Slater's Directory
Is a small neat market town, and a parish, in the barony of Eliogarty, county of Tipperary, 82 miles S.W. from Dublin (79 by rail), 39 N. by W. from Clonmel, 11 S. from Roscrea, and 8½ N. by W. from Thurles, charmingly situated in the centre of an exceedingly fertile and well cultivated district, throughout which are distributed, in pleasing relief, many elegant seats and neat cottages, surrounded by diversified and beautiful scenery. The Great Southern and Western Railway Company posses a station here. The town, which is seated on the road from Athlone to Cork, and on that from Cashel to Roscrea, is supposed to have originated from the knights templars, who had a station here, and occupied the ancient castle, which was destroyed by fire. Templemore owes its improved state to the liberality and exertions of the late Sir John C. CARDEN, Bart. under whose auspices the public buildings were erected, and by whom the ground on which the town stands was granted at a nominal annual rent. The foot barracks can accommodate one thousand men and fifty officers. Petty sessions are held every Wednesday in the market our court house, rather an ornamental building, in the centre of the town. The church is a remarkably handsome and well proportioned structure, with a symmetrical spire and steeple; the interior is elegantly fitted an commodious, and furnished with a good organ (the gift of the late baronet before named), and the altar window is adorned with a representation of the Crucifixion in stained glass. The Roman Catholic chapel is a capacious building, erected on a plot of ground given rent free by the great patron of the town above mentioned. The Wesleyan and Primitive Methodists have each a chapel. National, parochial, and infant schools, and one endowed by the late ERASMUS SMITH. also almshouses for eight poor widows, are among the charitable institutions of the town. The Priory, the present residence of Sir John CARDEN, Bart. is situate within a mile of the town, and is a modern and elegant structure, surrounded with tastefully laid out gardens and plantations and highly cultivated grounds. Fairs January 30th, March 30th, May 17th, June 28th, July 31st, September 3rd, October 21st, and December 7th. Wednesday is the market day. The parish of Templemore contained, in 1851, 5,699 inhabitants, and the town 4,375 of that number.