Newspaper articles

Assorted Newspaper Accounts from Tipperary - Printed in the London Times
Contributed by Sheryl Zenzerovich


Feb. 2 1846
A man was found murdered on Thursday in a grove near Borrisokane. His
offence against the "code," according to the Tipperary Vindicator, consisted
in his having "processed some persons for debt at the last quarter session."
A letter written from the scene, states the man's name was Madden and he we
found in a plantation belonging to a gentleman named Stoney, residing at
Portland near Borrisokane... A proclamation (Special Commission) refers to
an attack in Tipperary made by an armed party on the night of the 25th.
(Sunday being a favourite day for working out agrarian legislation), on John
Cawley, his wife and son, who were beaten; the same party then attacked the
house of Ellen Slattery and issued their mandate to give up her land, under
the usual penalty of non-compliance. Rewards of 60 pounds have been

March 9, 1846
On Thursday night last, as Mr. Henry Smithwick of Youghal Cottage, who was
accompanied by William Denis Kennedy of Gurteenakilla, steward of Mr. Finch
of Tullamore-park and James M'Cutcheon of Boularue, near Kilcoleman, were
returning home from attending the market at Nenagh, when at the White Walls,
within the suburbs of the town, they were attacked. M'Cutcheon ran back
into town, and the driver of the car, James Moloney servant to Mr.
Smithwick, drove home at a furious rate, leaving his master and Denis
Kennedy senseless on the road. Smithwick was robbed of a case of pistols.

April 4, 1846
The trial of two men, Patrick Rice and Patrick Hayes, charged with
conspiracy to murder Patrick Clarke in the month of Oct.last commenced at
Nenagh assizes Tuesday last. A host of witnesses were examined for the
Crown, the principal being and approver named Burns, his two sons , very
young men and a daughter 12 or 13 years of age. After the verdict of guilty
was read. there was a sensation in the courthouse. Mr. Dwyer demanded an
arrest of judgement. Dwyer and his colleague Armstrong had till adjournment
to provide grounds.

April 25, 1846
Catastrophe at Cashel
Subjoined account from the TIPPERARY FREE PRESS.
"In my note of yesterday, I informed you that 200 men were employed by the
Relief Committee in cutting down a road. These poor fellows, after their
day's work, assembled in the town hall to be paid; having pressed forward
in great numbers, the loft suddenly gave way and over 100 men were
precipitated to the ground. Messsrs. Dolan and Coman deserve the highest
praise for exhorting the people to keep their position and thereby
preventing a second tragedy. It was an appalling scene of broken rafter and
limbs... faces unrecognisable, all piled in the depth below.... Sisters
mad, wives distracted. Each screaming for her own... 10 or 12 carts laden
for the county hospital. Dr. Russell, Dr. Graham, the military doctor and
some other medical doctors are indefatigable".

April 2, 1846
Confessions of a Tipperary Informer -
The occasion is rare indeed upon which an informer was known to come to
court with clean hands; but of all miscreants of the tribe that ever
figured in a temple of justice, foremost stands, Mr. James Darmody, in the
capacity of approver in a case tried before the Chief Baron at Nenagh
assizes on Friday last. Two men, Edward Ryan and John Conway, were indicted
for assaulting the habitation of Pat Hogan of Bawn, and firing into it a
loaded gun.
The following is the cross-examination of the approver Darmody, who in his
direct evidence had sworn he was instigated to fire, in the attack on Hogan,
by a person named Kennedy; -
Cross examined by Mr Rolleston - How old are you? - I am 26 years old.
You are a married man - Yes I have a wife.
Counsel - God help her! Have you any children? - I have.
How do you support yourself. I have a quarter of land.
How far is Culluhun from your house? - Two miles.
How far is it from Bawn? - 12 miles.
Did you ever do a job for Kennedy before? - I never did.
What brought you into Nenagh - I came to serve a Crown summons for Ryan.
How long have you know Fogarty - Three or four years.
Upon your oath, would you not shoot a man if you were asked? - I don't think
I would.
Why did you go to shoot a man for Fogarty - I did it because I knew him.
Were you at the taking of the Black Chapel - I was not.
Were you in gaol for Shanahan's murder? - I was.
And so you planned the murder of poor Hogan in a public house in this town -
I did not.
You agreed to do the job - I did after drinking.
Were you at the murder of Shanhan? - I was.
Were you tried for the murder of James Ryan More? - I was not.
Here he coolly detailed the particulars of Shanahan's murder. - We killed
him with stones in his own yard near Lord Hawarden's.
Did you stand in the door of Bolton's house while his daughter was
attacked - I did.
And the corpse was lying before you in the yard? Was poor Bolton murdered
because he sent home a gun he took from Lord Hawarden? He was.
Testifies that Shanahan was murdered ten years ago... Ryan was killed about
a year after. Hayes was killed on the 6th of Aug. last.
Do you remember being a witness upon the trial when the fight took place
between Stapleton and Gleeson? - I do.
Did you fire at Hogan's house - No, Fogarty fired the pistol through the
door. Pat Murphy took me to Hogan's to have a fight with a party.
How far is Traveston from Hogan's - About a mile.
What induced you to give information - I heard one of the party was going to
turn approver and I turned before him.
So you told all you knew to save yourself - I did.
Murders and all? - Murders and all.
There was other corroborating evidence and the prisoners were found guilty.

April 7, 1846
The TIPPERARY VINDICATOR of Saturday (this day) gives the particulars of
another case of eviction on the lands of Mr. Tuthill, between Nenagh and
Limerick... Friday in Gorthore the execution of an 'habere' ... 120 men of
the 72nd Highlanders, under Capt. Pollard, 41 police under Sub-Inspector
Lewis of Newport and several bailiffs went at an early hour.
Nine poor families were evicted. The day was particularly wet, cold and
inclement. No resistance was offered to the executioners of the law...
Those who were present showed every courtesy and kindness to the military
officers and soldiers who boiled eggs and gave what refreshment they had to
them. The men of the 72d seemed ashamed of the distressing duty. The names
of the persons evicted:
Patrick Mara, 4 in family
Patrick Clancy 9 in family (who showed his receipt for his rent up to Nov..)
John Fennel, 5 in family
Denis Brine, 5 in family
Pat O'Brien 5 in family
Patrick Clancy 7 in family
William Herbert, at least 5 in family

May 22, 1846
Fatal conflict at Birdhill on Saturday last where two people met an untimely
death. The 'Vindicator' (the Repeal paper) gives a graphic narrative of the
transaction - Mr. George Mansell is the tenant of a Mr. Stephen Hasting
Atkins...An habere was issued for arrears of one year's rent...Maunsell
barricaded his house with seven or eight people inside...the police,
commanded by Lewis fired upon the house... two people killed...Mr. Maunsell
is a Protestant.
An inquest was held by James Carroll, coroner. In attendance were Mr.
Joseph Tauteau, S.M., Mr. Henry Lee of Barna, justice of the peace, Mr.
Charles O'Dell S.I., of Nenagh, Mr. John Lewis, S.I. of Newport and Capt.
Pollard of the 72nd Highlanders... Mr. Samuel M. Going, sub sheriff was

Aug 14, 1846
The TIPPERARY VINDICATOR published the following letter from one of the
spiritual directors of the people addressed to the parish priest of Nenagh,
by the Rev. Henry Keary, parish priest of Templederry, where the Rev. Mr.
Kenyon officiates as curate:
Killeen, Aug 10, 1846
Enclosed is my one pound subscription to the repeal fund. The moderate tone
of the National Assembly has won the confidence of every honest, sterling
(the rest in fragments, illegible).

Aug. 21, 1846
Newport, Monday - Patrick Ryan, a clothier and native of Newport, was found
murdered at the Kilcommon mountains near the Anglesea road on Saturday last.

Sept. 14, 1846
NENAGH GUARDIAN of yesterday - A demonstration against the payments of
rents under the passive resistance system, took place on Monday... The
tenants of Lohorna (?) have for another season postponed rendering unto
Ceasar that which is due.
Mr. O'Connell arrived here on Thursday en route to Derrynane, accompanied by
his daughter Mrs. French. Mr. And Mrs. Ryan and the Misses Ryan, Dr.
Whelan, R.C. Bishop of Bombay, Mr. Steele and Mr. O'Connell of Ennis and
Nicholas Power.

Oct 5, 1846
It is our sad duty to record one of the most mysterious, atrocious murders
perpetrated in the broad noon of Wednesday on the person of a singularly
inoffensive man near Kilgarvan, the residence of Mr. Solomon Cambie...
Coroners inquest before Mr. James Carroll assisted by Dr Dempster of
Nenagh - The deceased William Latchford and a man named Hogan were going
home from Kilgarvan... Latchford had for some year been gatekeeper at
Bellview the residence of Mr. Edward Biggs and was employed as tutor by some
of the neighboring gentry... No clue has been determined as to the cause of
the murder.
Attack on Miss Gleeson of Newtown - An armed party of six or seven proceeded
on Thursday to the residence of Miss Gleeson of Portroe. After considerable
exertion they obtained entrance to the house... a male servant of the house
and the brother-in-law of Miss Gleeson, a man of the name Mara, abandoned
their endeavor to keep the door closed. The Terry Alts beat Mara and
declared that if "Miss Gleeson did not deal fairly by her brother they would
kill all when next they came." They then decamped. Miss Gleeson and her
brother Michael Gleeson have not been on good terms in consequence of the
latter having been ejected from a large farm which the former at present
An armed party attacked the house of a man named Dwyer of Capparue on
Wednesday... Dwyer it seems has become obnoxious on account of land he was
warned about...Dwyer was not at home during the attack. TIPPERARY

Oct. 15, 1846
Borrisokane - On Friday the 9th, an armed man entered the house of Michael
Gaynor, a respectable farmer and shot him. He lies in a hopeless state,
attended to by Dr. Hobbs.
On the same evening another respectable farmer named Cleary, residing at
Kilfada in this neighborhood was fired at without effect. This is the
second attempt on Cleary's life.

Oct.23, 1846
Tipperary, North Riding -
On Saturday last, a bailiff named Gleeson went in the direction of
Garrinafad, near Ballymackey to serve writs 'capias' for rents due to Mr.
White, in the county of Limerick. Gleeson was attacked by men with stones
and is not expected to recover. He is being attended to by Dr. Edward
On Friday last, a man with a blunderbuss entered the dwelling of John
Cormack of Ballyhogan, within two miles of Nenagh, and ordered him not to
pay any rent whatsoever, and tell all the tenants on the property to do the

London Times
Oct. 30, 1846

"In our number of Wednesday," says the NENAGH GUARDIAN, "we gave and account
of an outrage on the person of a man named William Williams, whose house at
Ballina was entered by a party of ruffians, who demanded money he received
that day for wheat, which they did not obtain, but took away his watch, and
afterwards returned with it, offering it to Williams for 1 pound, which he
declined." Williams was beaten and died on Sunday last. An inquest was
held by James Carroll, assisted by Capt. Kelly, R.M., of Shinrone.
Eliza Williams examined - I am the wife of the deceased... Two men said to
me 'Give me a pound and I will give you your husband's watch. I replied I
had no money... On the men leaving the house they took two loaves of bread.'
Lydia Gavin, a servant girl and Robert Williams, a son of the deceased
corroborated the foregoing statement. Dr. Stoney of Borrisokane performed
the post mortem examination.

An outbreak of the populace at Templemore is thus described by the Nenagh
paper: - "On Monday last, as the steward employed under the Board of Works
was about to place 15 men on works in Carrigloughmore, near Templemore, a
body of about 150 persons assembled and prevented the others being employed,
unless work was given to them all... The police from Templemore, under the
command of head constable Patterson were on the spot, and no breach of the
peace occurred. During the absence of the police from town, a mob of about
100 persons plundered a bread cart of Mr. Joseph O'Keefe, a baker...
Another attempt was made on a bread cart from Clonakenny... A riot ensued,
upwards of 500 rushed to the shop of a man named Ryan... The mob them went
to the house of Ellen Ryan, where they broke four panes of glass.... On the
appearance of the military, accompanied by Sir Henry Carden, Captains
Hartford and Webb, magistrates of the county, peace was restored. Six of
the ringleaders have been arrested.

Nov 4, 1846
Thurles Court-House, Fri., Oct 30- A frightful attempt to commit murder
here last night on Mr. Cooke who resides about one mile from this town. He
is a very young man, and got married about 4 years ago to a Miss Langely,
who was then about 14 years old, with whom he got some small property and
thus became a landlord on a small scale. (The worst of all landlords, those
petty ones.) His first act was to prevent public of access to a spring
well, which was open to them from time immemorial, going so far as to place
a man to guard the well. The magistrates told Cooke he ought to be
satisfied that he was not thrown in the well. Contiguous to Cooke's house
are some tenant's house many of the resident there said their ancestors have
resided there for the last two centuries - some of those he evicted.
Yesterday he entered additional ejectments at the sessions and was fired at
on his way home. He was severely injured - LIMERICK EXAMINER.

Nov 6, 1846
Accounts from the North Riding show no signs of improvement. I thus
furnish an appended account of the attack on Mrs. Finch of Kilcoleman as
supplied by the TIPPERARY VINDICATOR. As Mrs. Finch was proceeding home
from Nenagh Church accompanied by her sister Miss Parker, her carriage was
met by three men, one armed with a pistol. One of the men said he had a
note for Mrs. Finch to turn away Quinlisk, her steward. Mrs. Finch stated
she would not be dictated to about those in her employment. the men then
attempted to had the paper to Miss Parker, but she determinedly threw it out
the window... Chase was given... One of the men fell whilst going over a
wall in a field belong to Mr. Kilkelly and fractured his ankle. He was
treated by Dr. Quin, the physician to the county gaol, where two of the
prisoners, Joseph Spain and John Hogan, both of whom were drunk, had been
lodged. We understand that Spain's brother was tried at the last assizes
for appearing in arms at night and was sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment.
Hogan has been frequently in custody upon suspicion, many charge having been
brought, but none proved.

Nov 27, 1846
On Friday, a shot was fired into the kitchen of Mr. Alfred G. Richardson,
Justice of the Peace of Rathbeg, near Sharavogue, the residence of the Hon.
Colonel Westerna, M.P. Five panes of glass were broken by the shot. He
escaped unhurt.

Dec. 9, 1846
A Clonmel paper refers to the state of the gun trade in Tipperary - "No less
that 71 guns were sold in our town the last fair day. This is bad work....
A labourer entered our town a few days ago seeking hire. He presented a
formidable appearance; in addition to a spade and flail, he had a handy gun
strapped across his back. Every man has a gun. Where this will end, God
only knows."

Dec 12, 1846
 Barony of Slievardagh The address of Colonel Douglas, inspector of the relief committee to the farmers: "... I was in Cashel yesterday, and there the poorhouse built to contain 700 inmates, had in it 850, and to get to the door I had to force my way through 500 persons half famished, waiting for the miserable pittance doled out to them by the Poor Law union. Oh! It was a heartrending sight... To you farmers I now speak, 'tis in your power to amend this state of things; take the men off the public works, lend a hand to relieve the distress which now prevails..." TIPPERARY FREE PRESS 

Dec. 12, 1846
On Friday last, Mr. Wilson of Verdant-hill, near Roscrea was attacked by two
robbers who were armed with loaded whips or sticks, commonly called
skull-crackers. A gold watch, some silver and a pencil case were taken.

Dec. 26, 1846 
On Saturday last, six sheep the property of Mr. Osborne were killed at Newtown. Mr. Osborne, next day, went to the chapel at Gammonsfield to acquaint the priest of what had occurred. The priest addressed the people from the altar and denounced the perpetrators... The very day before his sheep were stolen, Mr. Osborne had six of them culled and killed for the use of the poor in Kilsheelan. A man named Thomas Hickey was committed to our gaol yesterday, charged with appearing in arms and firing at Thomas Lahy and Mary Lahy at Pallasdonohal, in this county on the 14th. On Thursday, as John Sheppard was retuning from Fethard to his house near Cashel, he was waylaid and robbed. On the 14th, a party of armed men entered the house of John Maher of Frehans near Caher, and robbed him of a gun and powder flask and took a half guinea from his wife. On Friday last, two loads of Indian meal, the property of the relief committee of Dundrum were forcibly carried off. On Saturday, a farmer named Doyle, who had just returned from America was robbed of 170 pounds. TIPPERARY CONSTITUTION 

Dec. 28 1846 
An attack was made on Paul Molloy of Rockvalley, one of the pay clerks under the Board of Works on Wed., as he was proceeding from Traverston, the residence of his brother-in-law, Mr. Caleb Going. He was robbed of 50 pounds in silver.


Jan. 7 1847
 On Sunday last, Captain Battley's (paymaster of the 8th Hussars) house near Caher was attacked. Guns, pistols and money were taken. The fellows were pursued by Inspector Brew to the neighborhood of Clogheen, where they were lost sight of. Houses are attacked everyday, provision-carts plundered, cattle and sheep taken, society in fact is totally disorganized. Every ruffian in the country has arms. 

Jan 12, 1847 
Thomas Mulcahy was murdered on Tuesday at Kilcoran near Cahir. Mulcahy had a reputation as a usurer and was on his way from the sessions of Cashel where he had obtained several decrees against parties indebted to him. Mr. W. Ryan, justice of the peace, assisted by Major Shaw, held an inquest on the body. Sub-inspector Drew was in attendance. A letter from Tipperary states that the distress there has reached such a height that the measure of relief expected from Parliament will come too late. It is sometimes impossible to get bread for money. Food reserves are fast disappearing... 
Jan. 18, 1847 
William Dwyer, the process-server who was fired at and wounded a few days ago near the town of Templemore has died. 

Jan 21, 1847 
State of Tipperary - "North Riding - Several hundreds of starving creatures have been refused admittance into the poor house, being completely filled..." "South Riding - About 150 sheep have been carried off from Slievenamon; all provisions carts are plundered... no sheep or cattle can be left in the field... the poorhouses are filled to suffocation, the turnips are exhausted... the mass of destitution is overwhelming." EVENING MAIL An outrage upon a helpless family residing at Jamestown near Mullinahone occurred on Sunday. Armed men demanded admittance to the house of Michael Mullally at Jamestown. There were in the house at that time, James Mullally, 80 years of age, and his nephew Michael, a cripple 60 years of age and two women named Mary and Ally Mullally. The inhabitant were beaten. All the ruffians came away with was 1s. 2d., a pitchfork, pipe, razor and two blackthorn sticks.

Feb. 8 1847 On Wednesday, a steward on the public works named William Kennedy whilst proceeding to Ballyannee, within two miles of Nenagh was attacked. He ran to the police station at Puckawn and gave the alarm. On Friday the following notice was circulated. "... Notice is hereby given that the relief works in the parishes of Monsea, Dromineer, Killodiernan, Cloghprior and Knigh are suspended in consequence of the attack upon the overseer of the Ballyanne-road" - Charles Steuart Miller, Lieut., Royal Engineers. NENAGH GUARDIAN

Feb. 12, 1847 On Saturday, an attempt was made on the life of a man named M'Murragh, a miller in the employment of Malachi Ryan, at Islandbawn Mills, within a mile of Nenagh. M'Murragh was leaving his house with his son, a boy of very tender years when he was hit with duck shot. They were attended to by Dr. Kitson and are out of danger. TIPPERARY VINDICATOR

April 7, 1847
As the mail was on the journey between Thurles and Cashel on Tuesday March
30th, the coachman by some accident fell off the box without the knowledge
of the only passenger. The guard, John Connolly, being alarmed at the
fearful pace the horses were going, called to the driver to slacken his
speed; but to his surprise received no response. Connolly, at the imminent
risk of his life, got over the roof, on which there was a great quantity of
luggage, and jumped from off the box on the back of one of the wheelers, and
by great exertion succeeded in arresting the team. Had it not been for the
courage of this experienced guard (fully 14 years), loss of life would most
undoubtedly have been the result... - CORK REPORTER

May 17, 1847
It is melancholy to pass through the country and see none of those evidences
of life which a few years ago cheered the traveller, and made him rejoice at
the appearance of the people. Between Nenagh and Cloughjordan - a distance
of about six miles - nearly all the houses have been tumbled down. Between
Cloughjordan and Borrisokane the Rev. Mr. Trench ejected 45 families
comprising 250 souls from the property called Forty Acre. The houses are
removed; a fence wall has been built around the property by the stones taken
from those houses! A Mr. Ely has ejected and tumbled down the houses in the
same district... Between Borrisokane and Nenagh the work of destruction has
also progressed. A gentleman from Nenagh was startled on driving past one
of the roofless huts, to hear groans issuing from the ruin. A poor man
apparently in the height of fever, was lying amid the thatch unprotected
from the rain that was falling heavily! The house had been his own, and he
said he had come there to die.

May 17, 1847
A Murderer Arrested -- On Wednesday se'nnight, Mr. Brown, an officer in the
Irish police force, arrived in Cardiff, having in his custody two Irishmen,
named Terence Corboy and Michael Banan, who had contrived to escape from
Ireland to this country after committing very serious offences against the
law... Corboy, who appeared a young man about 20 years of age, is charged
with having murdered a man named Gleeson, at Toomavra (sic) in
the county of Tipperary. The prisoner was taken to Drim (might be Drom)
colliery, in this county by Mr. Brown, after a protracted and arduous
search, which he continued under great difficulties with unabated ardour and
determination. In the course of his search he accidentally fell in with
Michael Banan, who escaped from justice, after being involved in some
Whiteboy transaction...

May 24, 1847 
On Monday, two country girls went to the shop of Mr. Delahunty, hair-dresser
in this town, and sold their hair for 2s. 3d. per head. This is certainly
an original and extraordinary mode of obtaining relief. Tipperary Constitution

Sept. 22, 1847
Tenant Rights in Tipperary ( From the Dublin Freeman of Monday)
In pursuance of a requisition signed by a large number of tenant farmers in
Tipperary... a meeting was held at Holycross yesterday. The object of the
meeting "to establish a tenant league or an association of tenant farmers,
for the purpose of asserting and securing the rights and improving the
condition of the occupying tenantry of the soil." ... many travelled 20 or
30 miles to attend. About 4,000 persons were present.
On the motion of Mr. M. Doheny, the chair was taken by Mr. W. Loughnane of
Boytonrath, a tenant farmer. Mr. J.F. Lalor was appointed sec'y... Mr.
Lalor read the resolution "...that the claim of the occupying tenants of the
soil to a full and sufficient subsistence out of the crops they have
raised... is prior and superior to every other claim ... that subsistence of
the people is in danger and requires to be defended, protected and
secured... we do hereby resolve and constitute ourselves into a public
league under the name of the Tipperary Tenant League."
Mr. J. Cormick, a tenant farmer, proposed the resolution for adoption.
(Follows a very lengthy speech by Doheny). "...A fatality followed the
export of our provisions. The people died in myriads - so fast did they
perish that in Cork a single coffin sufficed for the parish." A Voice- Was
that the coffin with the false bottom?" (Laughter). Doheny - "Yes, that was
the coffin... These Whigs are very fond of economy; they carried their
practice to the grave..."
Mr. Doheny moved the adoption of a resolution... seconded by Mr. J. Gorman.
Another resolution proposed by Mr. Lalor and seconded by Mr. C. Callanan and
carried unanimously....
Mr. W. Connor also addressed the meeting.

* Greatly abridged 

Oct 1, 1847
The following cases came before the magistrates at the Nenagh Petty Sessions
are illustrative of the notion of "tenant rights" entertained by the
disciples of Lalor and Doheny...
The first case arose from a tumultuous assemblage of armed peasantry on the
lands of Garranmore - "John Quigley sworn and examined by Mr. John F.
Magrath - I am in the possession of the lands at Garranmore... Fifty men
enter upon these lands shouting "Hunt the hare" ... by which they meant me
and my brother. William Shouldice was one of them. Hugh M'grath had a
spade and was digging up the land. Dennis Kennedy and James M'Grath had a
double barrelled gun. Denis Ryan had a pistol and another man also named
Denis Ryan a gun. John Mulcahy had a pistol. Hannah Slattery was engaged
in throwing down the gap and digging up a portion of land.
Mr. Fitzpatrick asked Quigley "You had no guns yourself, I suppose?"
Quigley "Faith, I wasn't without them." Quigley also testifies that he, his
uncle and three brothers were armed.. Case to be sent to the next assizes
of Nenagh.
Second Case - "There seems to be a general and wide-spread determination on
the part of the tenant farmers not to pay any rents. If a landlord seizes
upon a tenant who owes, the circumstance is immediately telegraphed ...
every sympathy is enlisted on behalf of the tenant, whilst the landlord is looked
upon as harsh and heartless..."
These facts are illustrated in the following case: -
"Michael Egan sworn and examined by Mr. Fitzpatrick. - I am bailiff upon the
lands of Kilnafinch, the property of John Willington. I seized some
livestock and grain for rent due.. That night a party of 12 persons took
away a quantity of barley. Amongst the party, I recognized William and
Edward Moylan" The case to go to the next Thurles quarter sessions. -

Oct. 18, 1847
Mr. W. Loughnane, chairman of the Holycross demonstration has addressed a
letter to the TIPPERARY VINDICATOR, censuring the tone of an article in a
Dublin paper (the MAIL) in reference to the murder of Mr. Roe, who
according to Loughnane, lost his life from his adherence to the "horrid
system of landlordism and extermination which is the curse of Ireland."
With respect to the case of John Lonergan, the tenant evicted by Mr. Roe,
the Boytonrath writer says:
"... Mr. Roe broke faith with that person, he promised on receiving 5 pounds
last Christmas to indulge him till the harvest.... He evicted him on the
31st of August... Mr. Roe made short work of the matter, and assisted
himself in sawing and cutting the rafters and demolishing the house.... It
is with very great reluctance I mention the inhumane treatment experienced
the sub-tenants of John and Edmond Lonergan (the latter being also evicted
by Roe). These poor creature were exposed to the inclemency of the weather,
none of the farmers of Boytonrath dare shelter them... in consequence the
Widow Hally died, as she declared, of a broken heart near Cahir..."
The wall at Templederry, well nigh as celebrated as the China wall, the wall
of Babylon or Jericho or any other great wall, fell on Thursday beneath the
pickaxes, crow bars and spades of the labourers of Nenagh, under an escort
of the 77th Regiment of Foot and the constabulary under Sub-Inspector O'Dell
and Head-Constable Hayes. A covered car carried Captain Pollock to the
scene of action. The wall had been erected by Rev. John Kenyon who was
summoned to the petty session for trespass...

November 1, 1847  - Dublin Oct. 30th (From our correspondent)
The approaching month of November brings with it gloomy forebodings of
another season of distress but little inferior in intensity to those of the
past two years... The cry for labour comes from all quarters, the people of
Tipperary are resolutely refusing the shelter of the workhouse and demanding
employment or outdoor relief... The condition of the north riding is thus
sketched by the Nenagh Guardian -
"One fourth of the labouring population have no employment, the gentry have
no means, in fact, to give it them... the workhouse now contains the number
it is capable of accommodating, namely, 1,250 and therefore, outdoor relief
must be administered forthwith to the able-bodied."
Proceedings of the Nenagh Board of Poor Law guardians:
Mr. Biddulph - "I am sorry to say destitution is alarmingly on the increase
in the parish of Ardcroney. I know many families who have no means of
supporting themselves... and must commit plunder. Yesterday a number of
persons came to me and told me they were starving, they could procure
neither employment nor food. Lamenting their condition I gave them some
Mr. Armitage - "The people are worse off now than they were last June."

The NENAGH GUARDIAN says: - The assassination of John Ryan, steward of Mr.
John Dalton Kellett, of Clonacody on Sunday last has created quite a
sensation in the town of Nenagh, where the victim was well-known and had
many relatives. On Wednesday his remains were accompanied to the
last-resting place at Knigh by many respectable farmers. Michael Cummins,
steward of Mr. Sadlier, who was in company of John Ryan died from his

*Nov. 15, 1847
Attack on the Nenagh Workhouse
The annexed remarkable proceedings, abridged from the NENAGH GURADIAN took
place at the weekly meeting of the board of Poor Law guardian on Thursday
While the board was admitting paupers and scrutinizing the names entered on
the relieving officers books, about 300 able-bodied men and women forced
open the gate... They threatened guardians with bodily injury if the did not
receive forthwith outdoor relief or employment... Head Constable Hayes,
Captain Pollock, and Sub-Inspector O'Dell were on the spot to preserve the
Those persons were principally from Toomavara, Latteragh and Ballymackey.
They appeared to be in extreme destitution...
The farmers, Messrs. John Dwyer, Richard Coughlan, George Jackson, &c. were
received by the board.
Mr. P Magrath (guardian) said the farmers of Ballymackey wished to speak...
Mr. Coughlan (farmer) ... The labourers have neither food nor employment...
they are willing to work but would starve rather than go into the workhouse.
Mr. Willington - "All the farmers who are now assembled are from Clash and
Ballymackey where there is no employment.
Mr. Gleeson - "The people in Ballymackey and Toomavara must either starve
or rob."
Mr. Smithwick - "This house is open to them."
Mr. J. Dwyer "I am afraid they will all be paupers."
Chairman - It is very difficult to argue with a hungry man; at the same time
a man need not be hungry if he comes in here."
Mr. Gleeson- "They'll suffer half starvation before they come into this

Dec. 1, 1847
Shooting -- To be let, the exclusive right of Shooting over the whole county
of Tipperary for the present season. The game is exceedingly abundant,
consisting chiefly of overseers, landlords, cess-collectors, bailiffs,
process-servers, government pay-clerks, and occasionally a few women and
children. Applications to be made to Archdeacon Laffan.
No Saxon Need Apply! - PUNCH


Jan. 25, 1848
On the night of the 19th inst. a poor woman named Mary Ryan and her
daughter, who for the last two months suffered extremely from hunger, being
excluded from relief by the possession of a small patch of ground, were
detected stealing a few sheaves of wheat from the haggard of Denis Gorman at
Burgessbeg, within four miles of Nenagh. Gorman attacked the women.
Constable Sullivan of Cranan took the persons in charge. Mary Ryan died from
her wounds. Gorman was a distant relative of Mary Ryan.

London Times

Aug. 7, 1848 - Dublin (From our Correspondent)
The Insurrectionary Movement -
The long continued absence of any decisive intelligence respecting the
movements or probable policy of the rebel confederacy is acting very
injuriously upon the public mind here. The inability of the authorities to
capture Mr. O'Brien is regarded as an ominous symptom of the vast mass of
disaffection prevailing among the lower classes... measures of extreme but
necessary severity must be resorted to, unless the government have made up
their minds to have an annual Irish insurrection concurrently with the
reaping of the Irish harvest...
The HUE AND CRY, thus sketches the personal appearance of the rebel generals
and their aids-de-camp. The likeness of some, it must be confessed are by
no means flattering.
William Smith O'Brien - No occupation, 46 years of age, 6 feet in height,
sandy hair, dark eyes, sallow long face, has a sneering smile constantly on
his face, full whiskers, sandy, a little gray; well set man, walks erect,
dresses well.
Thomas Francis Meagher - No occupation, 25 years of age, 5 feet 9 inches,
dark, nearly black hair, light blue eyes, paleface, high cheek bones,
peculiar expression about the eyes, cocked nose, no whiskers; well dressed.
John B. Dillon, barrister, 32 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches in height, dark
hair, dark eyes, thin sallow face, rather thin black whiskers; dressed
respectable; has bilious look.
Michael Doheny, barrister, 40 years of age, 5 feet eight inches in height,
sandy hair, gray eyes, coarse red face like a man given to drink, high cheek
bones, wants several of his teeth, very vulgar appearance, peculiar coarse
unpleasant voice; dress respectable; short red whiskers.
Michael Crean, shopman at a shoeshop, 35 years of age, 5 feet eight inches
in height, fair or sandy hair, grey eyes full face, light whiskers, high
forehead; well set person; dress, dark shooting frock or gray tweed, and
gray tweed trousers.
Francis Morgan, solicitor, 43 years of age, 5 feet eight inches in height,
very dark hair, dark eyes, sallow, broad face, nose a little cocked, the
upper lip turns out when speaking, rather stout, smart gait, black whiskers.
Patrick James Smith, studying for the bar, 29 years of age, 5 feet 9 inches,
fair hair, dark eyes, fair delicate face, and of weak appearance, long back,
weak in his walk, small whiskers ; clothing indifferent.
John Hetherington Drumm, medical student, 20 years of age, 5 feet 3 inches
in height, very black and curly hair, black eyes, pale delicate face, rather
thin person, delicate appearance, no whiskers; dressed respectably -
Thomas D'arcy M'Gee, connected with the NATION newspaper, 23 years of age, 5
feet three inches, black hair, dark face, delicate, pale, thin man; dresses
generally black shooting coat, plaid trousers, light vest.
Joseph Brenan, sub-editor of the FELON newspaper, 22 years of age, 5 feet 6
inches, dark hair, dark eyes, pale sallow face, very stout rounded
Cork accent, no whiskers, hair on the upper lip,; rather respectably
dressed, somewhat reduced.
Thomas Devin Reilly, sub-editor of the FELON newspaper, 24 years of age. 5
feet 7 inches, sandy coarse hair, gray eyes, round freckled face, broad
shoulders; dresses well.
John Cantwell, shopman at grocer's, 35 years of age, 5 feet 10 inches, sandy
hair, fair face, gray eyes, good looking, short whiskers, light, rather
slight person, dresses genteel; supposed a native of Dublin.
Stephen J. Meaney, sub-editor of the IRISH TRIBUNE, 26 years of age, 5 feet
11 inches, dark hair, full blue eyes, dark face, small whiskers going under
the chin, smart appearance, was a constable of C division of police,
discharged for dirty habits, stout,; generally dressed in black.
Richard O'Gorman, jun., barrister, 30 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches, very
dark hair, dark eyes, thin long face, large dark whiskers, well made and
active,walks upright; dress, black frock coat and tweed trousers.
Intelligence reached Dublin that 20 of the rebels engaged in the recent
conflict at Ballingarry have been arrested yesterday.
"Ballingarry, Aug. 3 - I am sorry to inform you that no certain intelligence
has as yet reached headquarters as to the spot where Smith O'Brien lies
concealed, though it is strongly surmised that he, Doheny and Meagher are in
the neighborhood of Littleton..."

Sept. 11, 1848
The NENAGH GUARDIAN published the following copy of a curious and rather
extraordinary notice which was found posted on Sunday morning on the chapel
door of Kilcommon: -
"To the people of Tipperary - There is a man in the parish by the name of
Father Moloney. Do you all be aware of him, for he is a real government
spye. Ye all know John Ryan, of the barrack; also his son Pat, another
government man, not forgetting his son Denis, that undermined Smith O'Brien,
and went off to Nenagh the night he stood Kilcommon. Beware of them."

The same paper gives an ebullition of some Young Irelanders which was found
posted on the gate of Mr. Michael Morley, of Borrisoleigh on the morning of
the 28th ult. - "There are good and tried men still living. Attention!
Men of Tipperary, will you ever have it said that you will let the noble and
high-minded men of Ireland who have sacrificed their lives, freedom and
properties for your sakes, to be either hung or transported? Now is your
time, and now only to redeem your country..."

Sept. 22, 1848
Engaged with Smith O'Brien in rebellious insurrectionary proceedings. - John
Preston, Jeremiah Kealy, John Linnane, Pat Ormond, John Brennon, Edmond
Kennedy, Michael Bryan, Edward Maher, and James Britton.
Concerned in treasonable practices - Thomas Parker O'Flannagan and Pat Dunn.
Having a pike in a proclaimed district - Manim Murphy, William Quirke and
Daniel Collins.
Aiding and assisting S. O'Brien in arms against the Queen - Thomas Finnane
and Edward Kennedy.
Concerned in treasonable practices - William Pratt and Denis Tyne.
Concerned in treasonable practices (high treason) - Manim Loyne (maybe
Leyne), Patrick O'Donoghue, James Orchard, Thomas Stack, Terence Bellew
M'Manus, Patrick O'Donnell, W. S. O'Brien, and Thomas F. Meagher.
Burning the police barracks at slate quarries on the 12th July, in arms,
destroying and stealing the property of the constabulary, and being
traitors, &c. - James Neil, Patrick Walsh and John Moore.
The following is from the Tipperary Free Press of last night - " The High
Sheriff, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Pennefether has directed that
arrangements shall be made in our commodious county court as will afford
satisfaction to all parties concerned. The gallery usually devoted to
magistrates, will be occupied by Lady O'Brien, Mrs. Smith O'Brien and
relatives of the state prisoners..."
Speculating on a disagreement of the jury - "We heard, not long since, that
some fine fellows named Mulcahy, who felt that they were too often summoned,
being likely to be detained for the night by the deliberations of their
brother jurors offered to fight them for the verdict. Five of the Mulcahys
were present and being strapping fellows, their polite offer was
An order was issued for the trial of state prisoners at Clonmel, also
"That any one of Her Majesty's Justices of the Court of Queen's Bench be at
liberty to accept bail for the appearance of Gilbert Whyte, James Edward
O'Donoghue, Michael Hanly, Patrick Mulhall, Edward Lombard, Peter, M'Kenzie,
James M'Grath, Gunning Teaffe (or Teefe), Edward Behan, Andrew Behan, John
Sheehan, Henry Broxton, Richard Johnstone, Thomas Bergin, Stewart Wright,
and Thomas M'Grade." Given at the Council Chamber in Dublin 18th day of
September, 1848.
[Note: No townlands for these individuals involved in the rebellion of '48 so could be from
Tipperary, Waterford or elsewhere.]

Oct. 6 1848
The Late Rebellion
Clonmel - Tuesday.
Since the commencement of the commission, the number of prisoners committed
to gaol for trial has considerably increased by the capture of several of
the fellows connected with the recent outbreak and the attack on the police
barrack of Glen Bower, the Slate Quarries and Portlaw. Committed
by the magistrates, H. W. Briscoe, and R. D. Coulson R. M. of
Carrick-on-Suir. The following is a correct list of the committals since
the 20th of September; among them is the editor of the Waterford Chronicle,
and two ladies charged with having arms, powder, shot, and a quantity of
bullets in their possession in a proclaimed district, and with aiding John
O'Mahony the rebel leader, to effect his escape. One of the ladies had a
quantity of shot and bullets in her bonnet when arrested. It is likely that
some of these cases will be disposed of at the present commission: - James
Neill, Patrick Walsh, John Moore, Edmond Landergan, John Hayes, William
Rochford, James Landergan, Richard Daniel, Timothy Connell, William Crotty,
Michael Comerford, James Sheedy, charged with burning the police barracks at
the Slate Quarries and being in arms against the Queen's authority. Thomas
Bourke and John Shea attacking the police barracks at Glen Bower, and
shooting at the police. Edmond Egan and Patrick Cunningham, high treason.
John Killilea, concerned in treasonable practices. Ellen Mary Power, having
gunpowder & ., in a proclaimed district; and also for harboring John
O'Mahony, charged with treason. Eugene M'Carthy, aiding Smith O'Brien in an
insurrectionary movement. Thomas Hennessy, Pierce Power, and Denis
M'Carthy, concerned in treasonable practices. Jane O'Ryan, bailed to appear
at the Special Commission, ammunition & ., found in her house.

Oct. 17 1848
The State Trials - (from our correspondent) Clonmel, Oct. 14
The trial of Mr. O'Donoghue was today continued and closed...
On the part of the prisoner,
Patrick Hanrahan stated that he lives at Tinlough, near Nine Mile House, at
the foot of the Slievenamon. Saw the prisoner on July 29th. Mr. Meagher
and Mr. Leyne were with him... The following day he saw Mr.Leyne, Mr.
Meagher, Mr. O'Donoghue, Mr. O'Mahoney, and Mr. Hickie. He did not know Mr.
O'Mahoney before. Believed he was a farmer. Had never seen Hickie
before... Had heard before that Saturday that there were armed people going
about the country. Had heard that Mr. O'Brien was in the field; had heard
that he had been at Mullinahone and at Ballingarry... He did not think it
odd that those persons should come to his house at 3 or 4 o'clock in the
morning, but he should not like it continually....
Mary Maher examined by Mr. Meahger - Knew Pat Hanrahan. Was at his house
one day in July. Recollected some gentlemen. Heard there names were
O'Donoghue, Leyne and Meagher.. Saw James Hanrahan in the kitchen when they
were there. Was a servant at Hanrahan's, was bring clean linen to her
bother who was also a servant there... Had heard of Meagher and the fine
speeches he made. Had not read them, but had heard them read. Could make
no mistake about the number of gentlemen, They were O'Donoghue, Meagher and
Leyne. Not one came but those three and O'Mahoney. Did not see any
gentleman of the name Hickie. There was a man named Hickie, but he was no
gentleman. He slept that night in the dairymaid's bed, and left with
Hanrahan's brother in the morning.
Joanna Kickham examined - lived at Glenview near Mullinahone. Her father
was a farmer who kept a shop at Glenview.. She had an older sister and a
brother not yet 15. Went to her uncle's that evening and saw a gentleman
making a speech from a wall. Did not see O'Donoghue again that day.


Jan. 31, 1849 - Clonmel
"The flight of tenants and small farmers to America continues unabated,
indeed it is on the increase...I an state the case of two respectable
farmers, named John Magrath and Terence Carney, holding land at Rahan under
a Mr. John I. Shee, of this town. They waited on him and gave up their
holdings to go to America, where the poor man has some chance of being able
to live. They were one year's rent in arrear, but Mr. Shee offered to leave
them undisturbed possession if they would remain; they replied that it was
of no use...

March 15, 1849
The CLONMEL CHRONICLE contains the following:
At two on Sunday as the judge was commencing to try the criminals with
which our gaol is crowded, a murder was perpetrated close at hand. A poor
old woman, Margaret Ryan was the victim, the object it appears, was a bag of
meal in her possession... Constables Sullivan and Hillyard arrested a man
named John Ryan (Jack) at Kilfeacle, the scene of the murder. The inquest
was held by Mr. Thomas Chaytor.

April 9, 1849
The subjoined statement appears in the Tipperary Vindicator: - Seven
hundred and thirty-one individuals, nearly the entire village of Toomevara,
will be rendered houseless on the 18th of the present month, on which day,
in pursuance of the ejectment notices long since served on them, their
tenements, it is said, will be levelled to the ground - Mr. Massy Dawson,
landlord. In the name of God, where are those wretched people to go to?

July 5, 1849
Cloghjordan, July 2 - VINDICATOR
Daniel Egan of Ballydonagh, a most respectable young man, 24 years of age,
was killed on his way to mass at Barna. He was in company with his father,
mother and two sisters. It appears he stopped some few perches behind them
on the "Mass-path" when he was shot. The reason assigned - his father is a
middle landlord...
On Friday the 29th, the house of Mr. Michael Hawley, of Ballycapple, Poor
Law Guardian, a most respectable farmer, was attacked by some ruffians who
broke his windows and fired a shot through the door, his family was present
at the time. Constable M'Loskey came running, but the midnight miscreants
escaped. A notice was found posted to the door: "Michael Haly (sic) take
warning by this admit Gordon no longer in your house or if you do I will
come again and send you to hell, let Martin Flarty take the same warning.
Thomas Holy (Hely?) let him take the same no more..." The person alluded to
above is a teacher, a quiet, inoffensive man who Mr. Hawley and other
neighbors have kept in their houses alternately for the last six years.
On the same night the house of John Shoebottom, a respectable farmer, was
visited by the same gang, who fired a shot and posted a notice, nearly
verbatim with the above. It is but a fortnight since Mr. Shoebottom had his
windows broken and a shot fired, the ball passing within a few inches of
Mrs. Shoebottom.
On Friday the 29th ult., Michael Rahilly was killed by a gunshot wound,
inflicted by Richard Tobin a caretaker employed by Simon Lowe, justice of
the peace. Tobin was taken into custody by the Spring-hill police. An
inquest was held by Captain Bradshaw. Tobin has been committed for trial
for manslaughter at the next Clonmel assizes.

July 16, 1849
I appears that no less than 236 ejectment decrees were obtained against
tenants at the present Quarter Session of Nenagh. Among the ejectors were
the names of Lord Bloomfield, the Rev. Massy Dawson, Lord Dunally, W. B.,
Armstrong, R. M. Carden, the Earl of Charleville, Viscount Chabot, R.
Gasson, B., Hawkshaw, T. H. Harden, A. F. Maxwell, the Earl of Orkney, J.
Dwyer, S. O'Brien, T. P. Lloyd, G. Roe, the Hon. O.F.G. Toler, J. Maher, W.
H. B. Waller and J. J. Willington.

Aug 27, 1849
A deep laid and dangerous conspiracy has been providentially detected in the
county prison of Nenagh... A convict named Hogan was an inmate at the gaol
hospital though not recovered had himself removed to the prison. A nurse
overheard a conversation... some plot was brewing. An investigation was
held by Mr. Rock, the govenor, and Mr. Abbot. A conspiracy to attempt an
outbreak was uncovered. Conspirators names are - Timothy Silk, Thomas
Hogan, Thomas Kelly, John M'Loughlin alias Gaffney, Daniel Tierney, Michael
Fennelly, William Glasgow and John Flanagan. They were separated and put in
close confinement. Kelly and Flanagan have since confessed all. The
turnkey Robinson was to have been seized, Jordan, a convict, was to
overpower the turnkey, Whittaker. A letter was to be sent by Kelly to some
of the convicts' friends to assist in the escape. The books and records of
the gaol, kept in Mr. Beattie's office (deputy-governor) were to be
destroyed. It appears that Ryan (Molly), to whom the letter was entrusted
did not succeed in conveying it outside the walls. The men were convinced
that the whole thing was blown and Ryan threw the letter in the privy.

Sept. 7, 1849
New Agrarian Movement -
The papers received this morning afford evidence of the existence of a
rather perplexing conspiracy among the tenantry, to avail themselves of a
defect in an act of Parliament which permits holders of land to carry off
crops on a Sunday, without let or hindrance, and notwithstanding that they
may be at the time in arrears to the landlord. From the NENAGH GUARDIAN: -
On Sunday the 26th ult., Daniel Durick and 20 men assembled on the lands of
Garrykennedy and cut down and carried away two acres of wheat which were
growing on the lands of Dr. O'Brien, to whom Durick is a tenant and owes
three years' rent. Dr. O'Brien, on hearing of this, sent men in pursuit of
the crops which were about to be conveyed in boats across the Shannon to
Galway. The corn was retrieved. Durick and his wife summoned three of Dr.
O'Brien's men to the Nenagh Petty Sessions on Monday for assault....
On Sunday the 2d, a party of about 100 congregated on the lands of Clonmore,
property of Richard Lidwell, Esq. and having cut down a large quantity of
corn on a farm held by a defaulting tenant, W. Fitzpatrick. The police
rescued the corn.
Also on Sunday, 400 men went on the lands of Killmakill, near Thurles cut
and carried away some wheat that had been sold at auction the preceding
Saturday, by a middleman, Counsellor Manning. The tenantry and Mr. Manning
are not on good terms. On this property of Kilmakill, a murder was
committed about two years ago, by a family the name of Connelly. Two
brothers were hanged for that murder, their mother and another brother were
On Sunday last 50 men headed by a young man named Kennedy, came to the lands
of Ballymackey and cut down an acre and a half of wheat, property of Henry
Cole Bowen. Denis Loughnane, bailiff to Mr. Bowen attempted to rescue the
crop. Conflict ensued, missiles thrown, reaping hooks brandished... A man
named Mullempy was injured. Kennedy succeeded in carrying away some of the
crop. It appears Kennedy's father was evicted from the land for
non-payment of rent and died a few weeks ago. His son claimed the crop in
consequence of his father having sown it.

Sept. 13, 1849
On Sunday a large party collected on the lands of Doonane, near Bushfield,
and cut down, dug, and carried away all the corn and potatoes upon a farm
lately held by a person named Magrath. Mr. Willington, of Castle Willington
is agent over the lands. VINDICATOR

Oct. 16, 1849
On Sunday last a large party of men collected on the lands of Cullihill and
cut down two acres of corn which had been sown by a man named Duan. NENAGH

Oct. 26, 1849
It is stated that several of the Count de Chabot's Tipperary tenantry have
voluntarily surrendered their land and emigrated.... Now what is the state
of our Tipperary gentry? Greenane-house is no longer the residence of a
Manseragh... Lisheen-house, mouldering to decay. Clune-house, Bansha no
longer recognizes the claims of a M'Carthy. Moore's Forth, residence of the
late Crosby Moore, will ere long become a workhouse. Goldenville, the
residence of Henry White, no longer receives the elite of the county. The
extensive stores of the late Maurice O'Brien, in the Main-street are
occupied by the wretched and the outcast. Nelson-street presents the
appearance of a monster poor-house. The Bradshaws and Bakers have sought
the situation of poor-rate collectors and obtained it. LIMERICK EXAMINER


Sept. 2, 1856
The Mutiny at Nenagh (from the Nenagh Guardian)
.... On Saturday upwards of 80 of the Tipperary light Infantry were marched
up Summer-hill Barracks from the county gaol where they had been confined on
a charge of mutiny...
1st Case - Private Patrick Thumpane, charged with having at Nenagh on the
8th of July taken part in the mutiny of the Tipperary Light Infantry by
discharging a loaded firelock into the Barrack-square in which Her Majesty's
troops were drawn up. Guilty to be transported for life. - Approved.
2nd Case - Private Thomas Gleeson - Charged with mutinous conduct..
Convicted and to be transported for life. Approved
3d Case - Thomas Devereux charged with mutinous conduct... and assaulting
Colour-Sergeant Henry Cole.. Guilty and to be transported for life.
4th Case - Private Thomas Cawley for having taken part in the mutiny...
Found guilty and sentenced to be transported for life.
5th Case - Private Stephen Skelton Charged with mutionous conduct and
failure to obey his superior officer, Lieutenant Ralph Hall Bunbury...
Convicted and sentenced to be transported for 21 years.
6th Case - Private Patrick Nolan, for mutinous conduct. Guilty. To be
transported for 21 years.
7th Case- Private Henry Bennett, charged with having taken part in the
mutiny. Guilty sentenced to 14 years' transportation.
8th Case - Private Thomas Fleming, found guilty of a similar charge.
Sentenced to 14 years transportation.
9th Case - Private Andrew Burke Acquitted of inciting mutiny.
10th Case - Private Patrick Maher, charged with firing on Her Majesty's
troops. To be imprisoned for two years and kept at hard labour.
Major General Chatterton said that they had all seen what those acts of
mutiny had brought down upon the head of their comrades.... Major Foster
then read the Lord-Lieutenant's letter commuting ... the sentence of death
passed on Pvt. Patrick Burns for the murder of Private Curley 41st Regiment,
to transportation for life. Also reduced in the cases of Thumpane, Gleeson,
Deveraux and Cawley the sentence of transportation for life to 10 years'
penal servitude. Privates Skelton and Nolan commuted to six years penal
servitude and Bennett and Fleming to four years penal servitude.

Oct. 2, 1856
The TIPPERARY FREE PRESS of yesterday contains the subjoined account of a
murder committed at the District Lunatic Asylum in Clonmel -
"On Saturday night, a number of ruffians crossed the Asylum wall for the
purpose of plunder. The watchdog gave the alarm. The watchman, named Ryan,
immediately challenged them and put up a gallant defense. The wounds
inflicted on some of the scoundrels by Ryan, led to the apprehension of the
entire gang by Constable Goulden, of the Irishtown police... Ryan died last
evening, Dr. Sheil held the inquest. Arrested were James Conway, Daniel
Lynch, Michael Shea, Michael Hughes, Catherine Hughes and John Sullivan in
the lodging-house of Daniel Murphy, Irishtown. They were brought for
examination before G. J. Goold, R.M.

March 20, 1858

Tipperary - SAUNDERS of this morning contains the annexed communication
dated Parsonstown Thursday evening. -
"It appears that for some years past a young man named Timothy Cullinan, who
has been but a few weeks married, has been at variance with parties named
'the Nowlans and Gibsons,' but each succeeding return of the anniversary of
the patron saint was always selected by them as an appropriate day for a
general engagement. Cullinan, dreading an onslaught did not come into town
yesterday but his opponents attended mass at the Roman Catholic chapel,
they then refreshed themselves at several public houses and had some
altercations. They however, got home, all of them more or less excited from
the drink... Cullinan left his house that evening and was attacked while
passing the residences of his opponents. He was attended by Dr. Wallace,
but died shortly after. Police at the Annagh station arrested four men,
Francis Gibson, Pat Nowlan, William Collings, and Roger Sheedy. Mr. Thomas
Brereton, R.M. visited the scene. A dispatch was sent to Nenagh requiring
the attendance of Mr. Abbott, coroner of the Northern division of

Sept 20, 1865
In Tipperary also, Fenianism appears to be creating some interest. A
magisterial investigation was held at Nenagh, at which a man named Daniel
Connell was brought up for examination. After a search warrant had been
issued, Mr. Reamsbottom found a book and some papers and documents that he
forwarded to the Castle. The prisoner is unmarried and the second son of
Widow Connell and well to do, being possessed of 120 acres under Capt.
Massey Dawson... When the case was called, Mr. Bolton read the
information sworn by Head Constable Harrison, who stated that persons were
in the habit of assembling in a filed at Toomevara at night... The following
song was found in the possession of the prisoner:

The Green Flag Flying Over Us
"Prepare, prepare, with silent care,
And trust to words no longer,
We've had enough of such false stuff;
And find we are not the stronger,
Those mountebanks who fill the ranks
Hy(?) lying all in thorns.
Of thim beware and still prepare,
With the green flag flying over us..."

Feb. 19, 1866 (From our Correspondent)
.... In reference to the Clonmel prisoners, who are at present in Kilmainham
Gaol and who were to have been brought up to-day, Mr. George Bolton,
sessional Crown prosecutor for that county, made the following information
before the presiding magistrate -
"On the 2d of February inst. I received instructions to assist Samuel
Hanna, Esq., R.M. Carrick on Suir, in investigating charges against several
persons of that place being members of the Fenian conspiracy... directly
implicating, Richard Hoare, Philip Morrissey, William Maher, John Daniel,
William Dobbyn, William Ryan, John Maher, Colour Seargent Macarthy, Pvt.
Keily, Timothy Mackese, Private Burke, and Corporal Brennan, all of who are
now confined in Kilmainham prison as being members of the Fenian conspiracy.

February 24, 1866 - Fenian Arrests -
On Tuesday morning John O'Kavanagh, a shopkeeper and an elderly man, by
repute one of the leaders of the Fenian movement; Edward O'Kavanagh, his
son; David Slattery, of Kerrickbeg; John Kent, Ballylinch; John Wall,
Ballyrichard; Michael M'Namara Dooley, Waterford; Edward O'Fogarty,
Ballyrichard; and Cornelius O'Leary, of Carrick were arrested by Mr.
M'Loughlin, S.I. of Carrick-on-Suir. M'Namara Dooley and Leary are late
arrivals from America, and where they served in the US army. O'Kavanagh,
the elder, it is stated, carried The Fenian flag at the Carrick regatta.

June 5, 1867

It appears that a considerable number of the Tipperary "boys" who were out
on Shrove Tuesday night have managed to evade the vigilance of the police
ever since. But find that sort of life intolerable and being reduced almost
to a state of starvation, about 20 of them came to the police barrack at
Thurles on Monday and gave themselves up to Sub-Inspector Mularkey. They
were removed to Templemore, where Mr. Gore Jones, R.N. accepted bail for 14
of the prisoners. One Stapleton, having been with the party which destroyed
the Roskeen barracks and killed the boy Tracey, was detained. Some, it is
believed, will never voluntarily give themselves up. Of these is Captain
Joseph Gleeson, who would be put on trial for high treason and murder, and
one or two other "captains," whose offences are of a dark complexion.