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Poor Law Unions

On July 31, 1838, the Poor Law act was enacted which divided Ireland into Poor Law Unions. By 1847, there were 130 unions and later some of these were divided into two or more unions so that by 1864 there were a total of 163 unions.

In each PLU there was established a workhouse, with a market town as its center, the union usually had about a ten mile radius boundary. These boundaries had no relation to baronie, county or civil parish boundaries. The purpose of the union was to collect rates from the inhabitants from the inhabitants to provide for the poor and destitute living in that union.

In 1864, when the civil registration of Births and Deaths in Ireland was made compulsory for the country, the Poor Law Union was used as a Superintendent Registrar's District (SRD), and within each district, a Dispensary/Registrar's (RD) district was created. If searching for a birth, marriage or death certificate, it is important to know the SRD when ordering the certificate.

In 1885 a series of pamphlets were printed that listed the townlands located in each Poor Law Union. They are arranged in SRDs. In the SDR they are further divided by RD and then by Electoral Division (ED) which is useful to know when searching the censuses and land records. The Barony and parish are further designations. The below information is taken from copies of the pamphlets reprinted in a book called, Townlands in Poor Law Unions by George B Handran in 1997.

Abbeyleix
Athy
Carlow
Donaghmore
Mount Mellick
Roscrea


 

Athy PLU:   161,130 area in miles; Population in 1881:  27,961
(all townlands in this PLU are located either in the county of Kildare or the county of Leix)
Abbreviations:  D=Registrar's District, E.D.=Electoral Division, B.=Barony, P=Civil Parish

Ballylynan D.
Area: 21,758, Pop. 3,531
Stradbally D.
Area: 26,261, Pop. 4,441
Ballyadams E.D.
Area, 4,311, Pop. 548
Ballyadams B., Ballyadams P.
Ballintlea
Ballintubbert
Ballyadams
Cappanafeacle
Crannagh
Kellyville
Monascreeban
Ratherrig
Rathmore
Southfield
Sronscull
St John's P.
Rosbran
Curraclone E.D.
Area 3,159, Pop. 384
Stradbally B., Ballyadams P.
Drummeen
Curraclone P.
Ballyduff
Ballykilcavan
Bawn
Binbawn
Blackford
Curraclone
Garrans
Inch
Knockphilip
Kylebeg
Mill Land
Park
Ballylynan E.D.
Area 3,538, Pop. 957
Ballyadams B., Ballyadams P.
Fallaghmore
Loughlass
Parkahoughill
Killabban P.
Aghanure
Ballylynan
Rahin
Rathaspick P.
Corbally
Luggacurren E.D.
Area 6,008, Pop. 623
Ballyadams B., Tullomoy P.
Tullomoy
Stradbally B., Tullomoy P.
Brennanshill
Clopook
Coolglass
Coolrusk
Fallowbeg, Lower
Fallowbeg, Middle
Fallowbeg, Upper
Fernyhill
Gorreelagh
Guileen
Knockahonagh
Luggacurren
Manger
Monamanry
Raheenbarnagh
Raheennahown
Scotland
Tomoclavin
Barrowhouse E.D.
Area 3,190, Pop. 321
Ballyadams B., Ballyadams P.
Drumroe
Dunbrin, Lower
Dunbrin, Upper
Garroonagh
Killyganard
Rathgilbert
Whitebog
Tankardstown P.
Barrowhouse
Graigue
Shanganagh Beg
Shanganagh More
Moyanna E.D.
Area 4,128, Pop. 647
Stradbally B., Moyanna P.
Ballynowlan
Ballyrider
Correel
Garrymaddock
Kilrory
Kylespiddoge
Moyanna
Raheenaniska
Raheennahown, North
Raheennahown, South
Rathcrea
Rosnamullane
Rossmore
Tonafarna
Killabban E.D.
Area 3,140, Pop. 442
Ballyadams B., Killabban P.
Ballyfoyle
Ballynagarr
Coolgarragh
Killabban
Killeen
Monksgrange P.
Grange
Stradbally E.D.
Area 5,105, Pop. 2,010
Stradbally B., Dysartenos
Grange, Lower
Grange, Upper
Oldmill
Park, Lower
Park, Upper
Raheenduff
Kilteale P.
Ballymaddock
Stradbally P.
Aghamaddock
Ballaghmore
Brockleypark
Carricksallagh
Knocknambraher
Kylebeg
Newtown
Oughaval
Rathmore
Stradbally
Tursalla
Rathaspick E.D.
Area 3,703, Pop. 711
Ballyadams B., Rathaspick P.
Aghamafir
Boley
Crissard
Gracefiled
Inch
Kellystown
Kilfeacle
Kylenabehy
Mullaghmore
Rathaspick
Shanragh
Wolfhill
Timogue E.D.
Area 4,779, Pop. 437
Stradbally B., Dysartenos P.
Banteogue
Bigbog
Killalooghan
Killavally
Loughteeog
Powelstown
Raheenanisky
Fossy or Timahoe P.
Carrigeen
Derrytrasna
Money, Lower
Money, Upper
Powelstown
Timogue P.
Ballinateskin
Ballycoolan
Ballyprior
Clondoolagh
Guileen
Timogue
Tankardstown E.D.
Area 3,786, Pop. 552
Ballyadams B., Killabban P.
Ballinree
Ballybeg
Cullenagh
Kilmorony
Maghareagh
Milford
Monebrock
Tankardstown
Vicarstown E.D.
Area 3,082, Pop. 340
Stradbally B., Curraclone P.
Ballymanus
Correel
Portree
Moyanna P.
Derrybrock
Vicarstown (Cosby)
Vicarstown (Dodd)

 

Abbeyleix PLU: 127,167 area in miles; Population in 1881: 18,181
(all townlands in this PLU are located in the county of Leix)
Abbreviations:  D=Registrar's District, E.D.=Electoral Division, B.=Barony, P=Civil Parish

Abbeyleix D.
Area: 18,878
Pop: 4,435
Ballinakill D.
Area: 25,602
Pop: 3,431
Ballyroan D.
Area: 20,012
Pop: 3.243
Castletown D.
Area: 18,631
Pop: 2,714
Durrow D.
Area:  24,044
Pop: 4,168
Abbeyleix E.D.
Area: 10,022
Pop: 4,435
Cullenagh B.
Abbeyleix P.
Abbeyleix Demesne
Ballymaddock
Ballymullen
Ballytarsna
Blackhills
Boley
Brandra
Clonkeen
Clonoghil
Curnagnacronacon
Derrylahan
Granafallow
Island
Killamuck
Knapton
Knocknamoe
Poormansbridge
Rathmoyle
Redhills
Tonduff
Tullyroe
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P
Boley, Lower
Dysartgallen P.
Ralish
Ballinakill D.
Area: 4,905
Pop: 1,417
Cullenagh B.
Abbeyleix P.
Ironmills or Kilrush
Lisbigney
Dysartgallen P.
Ballinakill
Boleybown
Cappanashannagh
Cloghoge
Drimaterril
Glebe
Haywood Demesne
Kilcronan
Kilnashane
Moneycleare
Baggettstown
Rosconnell P.
Moneycleare

 
Ballyroan E.D.
Area: 5,521
Pop: 1,075
Cullenagh B.
Ballygroan P.
Ballinlough
Ballyroan
Ballyrain
Cashel
Cloncullane
Crubeen
Dooary
Mounteagle
Raheenabrogue
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P
Mounteagle

 
Caher E.D.
Area: 18,632
Pop: 2,714
Upperwoods B
Offerland P.
Caher (Custodia)
Caher(Retrenched)
Derryarrow
Gortavoata
Kildrinagh
Mondrehid
The Derries
Toortaun
Windsor or Cappaghnahoran
Aghmacart E.D.
Area: 4,673
Pop: 551
Clarmallagh B.
Aghmacart P.
Ballykealy
Craigueavoice
Derreen and Carrowreagh
Knocknagrally or Killenny Beg
Newtown
Toberboe or
Killenny More

Aharney P.
Aharney
Archerstown
Ballykealy
Clash E.D.
Area: 3,741
Pop: 629
Maryborough West B.
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P
Boley, Upper
Cappanacloghy
Killeany
Scotchrath
Shanahoe
Springmount
Blandsford E.D.
Area: 5,087
Pop: 593
Cullenagh B.
Ballyroan P.
Ballyglishen
Ballyking
Ballypickas Lower or
Bernardsgrove
Ballypickas, Upper
Clontycoe
Derryfore
Drumashellig
Rahanavannagh
Tullore
Dysartgallen P.
Boleybeg
Clarbarracum
Clontycoe
Coole or Lisnagomman
Garrintaggart
Graiguenasmuttan
Lisnagomman
Clonkeen E.D.
Area: 6,484
Pop: 1,064
West Maryborough B
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P
Ardlea
Ballynamuddagh
Clonadacasey
Clonaddadoran
Clondouglas or Clonkeen
Clonkeen
Coolmacartan
Fatharnagh
Oldtown
Rosskelton
Castletown E.D.
Area: 5,978
Pop: 905
Upperwoods B.
Offerland P.
Aghafin
Ballytarsna
Bohernaghty
Butterisland
Camphill
Cashel
Churchfield
Churchtown
Clashnamuck
Cookesfield
Crossfield
Danganroe
Elderfield
Gash
Knockacoller
Knockbrack
Lowran
Mannin
Newtown
Oldborris
Peafield
Pilgrimhill
Rush Hall
Shangownagh
Cullahill E.D.
Area: 4,180
Pop: 541
Clarmallagh B.
Aghmacart P.
Ballynevin
Barrackquarter or Ross
Bunlacken
Castlequarter
Cullahill Mountain
Galesquarter
Oldtown
Parknahown
Raheenleagh
Scrub and Glenmacolla
Shanbally
Spaquarter
Glashare P.
Gorteennahilla
Colt E.D.
Area: 2,490
Pop: 331
Maryborough West B.
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P
Colt
Clorbally
Dysartgallen E.D.
Area: 5,145
Pop: 557
Cullenagh B.
Dysartgallen P.
Agnacross
Cleanagh
Graigue
Graiguenahown
Keelagh
Knockardagur
Knockbaun
Moat
Moyadd
Cullenagh E.D.
Area: 2,077
Pop: 253
Cullenagh B.
Ballygrean P.
Ballyhagland
Baunree
Cullenagh
Kilvhan
Pass
Fossy or Timahoe P.
Baunree
Raheenduff, Big
Kilcolmanbane P.
Ballyheyland
Kilvahan
Pass
Cuffsborough E.D.
Area: 4,869
Pop: 752
Clarmallagh B.
Aghahoe P.
Anster
Ballycuddahy
Ballygeehin, Lower
Ballygeehin, Upper
Ballygowdan
Ballyowen
Boherard
Chapelhill
Coolfin
Cruell
Cuffsborough
Dairyhill
Farraneglish Glebe
Fearagh
Gortnaclea
Gortnagroagh
Knockamullin
Leap
Legaun
Springfield or Knockkyle
Tinnaraheen
Bordwell P.
Chapelhill
Durrow E.D.
Area: 6,427
Pop: 1,582
Clarmallagh B.
Attanagh P.
Ballynafunshin
Glebe
Grenan
Durrow P.
Capponellan
Castledurrow Demesne
Castleview
Castlewood
Clonageers
Course
Durrow Townparks
Fermoyle
Glebe Grenan
Knockanoran
Moyne
Tinwear
Rosconnell P.
Ballynafunshin
Clorhaun
Fermoyle
Grenan
Gurraun
Raheenduff
Rosconnell Glebe
Dunmore E.D.
Area: 2,625
Pop: 346
Clarmallagh B.
Abbeyleix P.
Baggotspark
Coolcorberry
Dunmore
Graceswood
Kyle
Parkbawn
Stewartsgrove
Watercastle
Durrow P.
Coolcorberry
Dunmore
Kylebeg
Loughnamuck
Rath
Stewartsgrove
Swan
Fossy E.D.
Area: 4,053
Pop: 388
Cullenagh B.
Fossy or Timahoe P
Aghadreen
Bannogemeely
Clashboy
Fossy, Lower
Fossy, Upper
Knockacrin
Knocklead
Orchard, Lower
Orchard, Upper
Baheen E.D.
Area: 4,920
Pop: 843
West Maryborough B.
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P.
Barnadarrig
Bawnaree
Clonwoolan
Clonbane
Cloncough
Clondouglas
Cloosecullen
Coole
Cromage
Derrykearn
Derryroe
Doon
Foxburrow
Mountfead
Parkavilla
Raheen
Tarbert
Tinnakill
Donore E.D.
Area: 5,724
Pop: 820
WestMaryboroughB
Abbeyleix P.
Boston or Coolballyogan
Clonenagh & Clonagheen P.
Clonard or Cappaloughlin
Clonrud
Forest
Upperwoods B.
Offerlane P.
Badgerisland
Ballycleary
Boston
Camcloon
Castletrench
Clonfad
Coole
Corrigeen
Cuddagh
Donore
Kilbrickan
Rathphelan
Killermogh E.D.
Area: 4,639
Pop: 737
Clarmallagh B.
Aghahoe P.
Ballycolla
Ballygarvan Glebe
Kilminfoyle
Kyletilloge
Park
Tintore
Durrow P.
Coolnabehy
Killermogh P.
Ballycolla
Ballycolla Heath
Ballygauge Beg
Ballygauge More
Cool
Coolderry
Killermogh
Park
Rathmakelly Glebe
Tintore
  Timahoe E.D.
Area: 8,412
Pop: 666
Cullenagh B.
Fossy or Timahoe P
Aghoney
Ballinaclogh, Lower
Ballinaclogh, Upper
Ballintlea, Lower
Ballintlea, Upper
Ballygormill, South
Coolnabacky
Esker
Garryglass
Kyle
Raheenduff, Little
Timahoe
Kilcolmanbrack P.
Cremorgan
East Maryborough B
Fossy or Timahoe P.
Ballygormill, North
    Kilnaskeer E.D.
Area: 4,125
Pop: 757
Clarmallagh B.
Aghaboe P.
Kilnaseer
Knockfin
Aghmacart P.
Addergoole
Aghmacart
Ballyboodin
Braccas
Cannonswood
Gorteen
Kilnaseer
Maynabog
Rapla
Coolkerry P.
Graigueanossy
Turfarney
Rathdowney P.
Ballydavin

 

Source for this webpage:
Townlands in Poor Law Unions
A Reprint of Poor Law Union Pamphlets of the General Registrar's Office
by George B. Handran, CG, 1997

last updated September 25, 2008

 

Mary Ann Lubinsky, IGP Co. Leix/Laois Coordinator
If you have Co. Leix/Laois townland info that you
would like to contribute to this site, use below email.




2001-2008 Ireland Genealogical Projects